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Economic theory

THE PROBLEMS OF ECONOMY №3-2009

Khaustova V. Y., Kurochkina I. G.
Methodological Approaches to Definition of Essence of the Concept «Integration of Subjects of Management» (p. 53 - 63)

The article studies one of the fundamental problems of the economic theory – integration of subjects of management. theoretical bases and basic principles of integration of subjects of management have been defined. Component categories "integration", their essence and interrelation have been considered. interpretations of the concept «integration of subjects of management» have been analyzed from the point of view of representatives of various methodological approaches and its essence has been specified.

Article is written in Ukrainan

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THE PROBLEMS OF ECONOMY №3-2012

Nizhegorodtsev R. M.
Institutional and technological shifts: interrrelation analysis and control studies (p. 161 - 164)

The paper discusses relations between institutional and technological changes and their differences, and some main principles of control for their interactions. Axiology of institutional shifts and its connection to agents’ utility functions are under consideration.

Article is written in Russian

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Savytska N. L.
On the methodology of the study of man as the subject of modern economic development (p. 164 - 168)

The paper outlines the specific features of the new methodology of the study of man as the subject of economic development in the conditions of becoming a knowledge economy. Emphasis on the principle of holistic personalism and institutional architectonics that define integrity of the structures of modern economic development.

Article is written in Russian

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Popov O. E.
Evolution of development and methodology features of institutional analysis of the economic phenomena and processes (p. 169 - 173)

The methodology features of institutional analysis of the economic phenomena and processes are generalized. The comparative analysis of the theoretical approaches to determination of institutes` economic nature is conducted. Reasons of origin of concrete institutional problems, related to the origin and accumulation of contradictions between interests of different economic agents are considered.

Article is written in Ukrainan

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THE PROBLEMS OF ECONOMY №1-2013

Skorobogatova T. N.
Value and cost as categories: relation of notions, logistic aspect of comparison (p. 266 - 270)

The article analyses relation of cost and value notions as scientific categories. It considers issues of their objectivity, exposure to influence of regional factors, controllability and role when forming links. It defines logistics as a service, which creates value of a commodity, embodied in its cost. It states that in modern conditions the role of service logistics, which optimises control over human flows of various target orientation, grows. It adds that development of medical logistics acquires special significance from the social point of view as of today. It concludes that logistics unites social and economic approaches to the considered issues and ensures a more integral view on them. It summarises that such a situation results in holisticity of perception of categories by individuals and society in general.

Article is written in Russian


Boyarina T. V., Kashubina Y. B.
Perfection of classification of efficiency on the basis of system approach (p. 271 - 276)

The article considers the concept of classification of efficiency, conducts a critical analysis of existing classification features and reveals the most common shortages in the process of dividing efficiency into types. It proves that efficiency, as a category with polymorphic nature, requires to be studied on the basis of a system approach. This is used as a basis of perfection of classification of efficiency, which takes into account scales of activity of the system and elements of assessment. The article identifies main classification features of division of efficiency: the sphere of public life, type of activity, functional direction of activity, organisation structure, nature of effect, comparison base and the moment of carrying out calculation.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Hrechina I. V.
General theoretic approaches to development of the concept of potentialogical analysis of the potential of interacting processes of the economic system (p. 277 - 282)

The article reveals the essence of the potential of interacting processes of the economic system, identifies its main components and describes them for purposes of analytical identification. It offers the concept of potentialogical analysis of the potential of interacting processes of a company, the specific feature of which is observance of the modality criterion, which allows consideration of the potential of interacting processes of the economic system from the point of view of a necessary, real or possible levels of development and relevant directions of potentiation: structuralism (structurisation); deconstruction or constructionism (construction).

Article is written in Ukrainan


THE PROBLEMS OF ECONOMY №2-2013

Lysenko Y., Bizyanov Y. Y.
Model of efficiency of IT-outsourcing in the context of development of information systems of economic objects (p. 190 - 195)

The article considers possibilities, which are provided by IT-outsourcing to the modern economic objects, marks out supposed benefits, expenses and risks connected with its introduction. It offers a mathematical model, based on the theory of fuzzy sets, which is designed for provision of making decisions on the use of IT-outsourcing. The model takes into account different scenarios of the use of IT-outsourcing services in the context of development of the own information system of an economic object.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Ianchenko Z. B.
Improvement of terminological approaches to innovation notion definition (p. 196 - 200)

The article traces evolution of the innovation notion, generalises different approaches to its definition as a basic notion in the innovation sphere and conducts their critical study and analysis. It reveals specific features of the national content of the innovation term, which is formed at the turn of two different scientific trends, which define innovations both as a process and result respectively, considers and analyses in detail specific features of the national innovation legislation using example of the main innovation regulatory-legal act – the Law of Ukraine “On Innovation Activity” – identifies main shortcomings of the legislative terminology and outlines determining directions of their overcoming. The article considers international practice and stable standards of formation of innovation terminology. It also offers the innovation term definition from the point of view of its content, risk factor and transformations, which innovation undergoes on the way to practical introduction.

Article is written in Ukrainan


THE PROBLEMS OF ECONOMY №3-2013

Glushach A. V., Arkhiyeryeev S. I.
Transaction component of exogenous factors of influence upon employment under conditions of globalisation of economy (p. 227 - 232)

The goal of the article lies in identification of influence of globalisation upon efficiency of financial and loan instruments that ensure regulation and stimulation of employment and the role of transaction costs in these processes. To achieve the goal, the article shows how globalisation processes, which take place in the sphere of the financial sector, influence the real economy and employment of the population, identifies positive and negative sides of this influence. The article conducts analysis of causes and effects of the financial and economic crisis from the point of view of the theory of transaction costs, in the process of which the role of specific types of these costs in the processes that took place was ascertained. In the course of the study the article reveals negative influence of the growing disproportion between the public and private transaction costs of the risks of financial and economic instability, especially in the countries with the transformation economy, and justifies the necessity of stabilising mechanisms of the international financial market with the aim of elimination of the marked transaction disproportions such as introduction of a special tax on financial transactions or establishment of the double currency course: less flexible – for servicing trading operations, and more flexible – for regulation of financial flows. Studies of negative effects of integration processes allowed formation of directions of the state policy, which would prevent dangerous consequences of interference of the foreign capital with the financial sector and would protect the Ukrainian labour market from influence of negative effects of integration processes.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Ligonenko L. O.
Theory of social organisations as the methodological basis of economic management of an enterprise (p. 233 - 238)

The article provides the author’s interpretation of the “economic management of an enterprise” notion, which is offered to be considered as an integrating and co-ordinating type of management, the main goal of which is ensuring long-term viability of an enterprise. The article considers genesis of organisational theories with respect to necessity, principles, rules, recommendations and procedures of managerial activity. It justifies expediency of formation of the methodological base of economic management of an enterprise on the basis of use of the problem theory of social organisations of V. I. Franchuk. The article describes the author’s concept of the essential characteristics and the process of organisation of economic management of an enterprise. It justifies a necessity of replenishment of classical management functions with three new functions: problem management, development and economic security (risk tolerance). It characterises principles and organisation of functioning of the “social mechanism”, which should be envisaged in the system of economic management of an enterprise.

Article is written in Russian


Shubin A. A., Gladkyy M. O.
Organisational culture as a socio-economic phenomenon in the context of the modern management paradigm (p. 239 - 246)

The article studies cognitive component of the “organisational culture” category and marks our three groups of approaches to the aspect description of the studied category: aspects of the organisational culture formed by the control system; aspects of the organisational culture inherent in the controlled system; and universal aspects inherent in both control and controlled systems. The article provides the authors’ definition of the organisational culture as a complex element of the internal environment of the organisation that has certain phenomenological properties (synergy, dynamics, uniqueness, adaptability, mentality, hierarchy, aggregation, communicativeness and sociality); integrating spiritual, material, static and procedural elements with the aim of formation of a single management philosophy for ensuring external adaptation and efficient functioning of an enterprise. The article establishes the role and place of the organisational culture as a socio-economic phenomenon in the context of the modern management paradigm through specification of prerequisites of formation and development of the neo-classical concept of the organisational culture; features of the modern management paradigm; phenomenological properties of the culture; factors of influence upon the organisational culture and tendencies of development of the phenomenon of the national organisational culture.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Kaparulina I. M.
Essence and criteria of identification of an economic object (p. 247 - 253)

The article is devoted to the problem of marking out economic objects among other objects of reality. The methodological grounds of the study is formed on the basis of close interlacing of two directions of development of the modern economic methodology: logical and cognitive (synthesis of psycho-physiology, philosophy and economy) and socio-constructivistic (synthesis of economy and other spheres of public life). Using the cause-effect method the article analyses the essence of the economic category “economic object” and interconnection of this category with such categories as “economic subject” and “economic unit”. The article identifies key features of economic activity. It forms necessary criteria of identification of a fragment of reality as economic object and specifies two levels of economic objects in the modern world economy. The offered approach to consideration of an economic object plays the role of a prerequisite of creation of a paradigm of the universal synthesis when economy is considered as an organic part of reality.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Mazur O. Y.
Managing institutional dynamics: generalisation of modern approaches (p. 254 - 260)

The article presents a critical analysis and systematisation of modern approaches to state management of development of institutional structures. It identifies the most popular approaches to management of institutional dynamics: implantations or shock therapy, import (transplantation) and its modifications (institutional experimenting and building intermediary institutions), growing institutions and modification (elevation and cultivation) and influence upon external factors of institution development. The article builds structural and logical schemes to each approach and identifies main shortcomings and restrictions of their application. It justifies prospectiveness and universality of the theory of priority of external factors in re-formation of socio-economic institutions. It offers a direction of further scientific studies on development of a specific methodology of re-formation of a specific institution on the basis of a selected and justified common strategy.

Article is written in Ukrainan


THE PROBLEMS OF ECONOMY №4-2013

Suprun N. A., Bodnarchuk T. L.
Formation of conceptual grounds of the theory of economic development in the context of protection free trade controversy of XIX – beginning of XX century (p. 305 - 311)

The goal of the article is detection of historical specific features of evolution of scientific views and theoretical conceptualisation of problems of protectionism as a factor of economic development in the domestic scientific literature of XIX – beginning of XX century. The article conducts analysis of problems of the protection free trade controversy at various stages of practical implementation of the policy of paternalism by the Russian government. The article justifies the category of rational protectionism as a possible consensus solution of the said discussion. It reveals that scientific controversy between the supporters of protectionism and followers of free trade had an important scientific and practical significance since it facilitated justification of conceptual grounds of formation of the domestic model of economic development. The prospect of further studies of the said problems lies in the study of the concepts of the policy of state paternalism at various stages of historical development of the Ukrainian territory, which could be considered as the theoretical and methodological basis of development of the domestic strategy of economic development under modern conditions.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Yatskevych I. V.
Transfer price: theoretical and applied aspects (p. 312 - 317)

Modern conditions of development of entrepreneurial activity result in fundamental reformation of relations between economic subjects. Not only the subjects change, but also the forms of their interaction with each other on the basis of partner relations. One of the mechanisms of formation and development of partner relations is the transfer price, which is a prerequisite of systematisation of theoretical aspects of formation of the transfer price (notions, essence, participant of price formation) and identification of the mechanism of its calculation with consideration of changes in entrepreneurial environment (index of consumer prices, competitiveness, life cycle and promotion of products – works and services – in the market). Three main stages could be marked out in the process of the transfer price formation between partner-participants under modern conditions: analysis of expediency of introduction or use of price, identification and analysis of factors that influence price formation, and identification and introduction of methods of calculation of the transfer price at an enterprise. The author recommends methods of calculation of the transfer price between the partner-participants. The article considers advantages and shortcomings of the state regulation of the price, and also offers recommendations on efficient introduction of changes into the Tax Code of Ukraine.

Article is written in Russian


THE PROBLEMS OF ECONOMY №1-2014

Berveno O. V.
Influence of an extreme inequality of income upon the life quality (p. 304 - 308)

Historical mission of economy of the XXI century is increase of life quality. Due to this significance of factors that determine life quality increases. Extreme inequality of income becomes a factor of destructive effect, especially recently. In order to analyse influence of inequality of income upon life quality, the article uses a system approach; to detect direct and backward connections between the inequality and life quality – dialectical method; to identify the character of interconnection between the economic growth and inequality and its decomposition into components: positive and excessive – comparative and statistical methods. Extreme inequality requires from scientists and experts to actively search for new mechanisms of fair re-distribution of the economic growth effect. Increase of life quality is impossible without efficient solution of this problem.

Article is written in Russian


Holikov I. V.
Essence and evolution of the economic security notion (p. 309 - 314)

The article shows the essence and evolution of the economic security notion. It shows that the “economic security” notion is based on a number of definitions and principles of “security”. It establishes that in the result of development of the post-industrial society and complication of social and state relations, this notion was used with economic orientation. It shows that nowadays economic security is understood as the state, in which such components as financial, information, socio-economic, institutional and legal, technical and technological, intellectual and personnel, power and ecological activity are in the states of “absence of threat”, “safety”, “protection from threats”, “protection”, “reliability”, “stability”, “rest”, “independence” and “within acceptable bounds”. Moreover, there is a system of prevention or reduction of impact of threats under controlled conditions. The article shows that economic security is a dynamic component of the economy, which adapts to the needs of the time. The current stage of the state development requires taking into account specific and address specific features of the object of study (for example, branch) for ensuring economic security under conditions of appearance of negative phenomena of uncertainty and risk. The prospect of further studies is developing new systems of economic security with consideration of historical grounds and modern tendencies of development of economic relations.

Article is written in Ukrainan


THE PROBLEMS OF ECONOMY №2-2014

Ivashyna S. Y., Ivashyna O. F.
Social and Institutional Aspects of Economic Transformation (p. 309 - 314)

The article is written on a topical issue devoted to the problem of economic transformation. The limitations of orthodox economic theory to the study of economic transformation and the need to use a methodology that allows the use of empirical evidence and methods of investigation of all areas of economic and institutional theory were highlighted. Economic transformation is considered as a form of social transformation, covering all spheres of social life is a manifest in the economic and social, economic, cultural, economic and political, economic and spiritual interactions and reflects the social context of the economic system. People were recognized as a subject of economic transformation. They are considered as the subject of economic transformations taking into account the influence of modernist and post-modernist values on the formation of social and cultural features of society. Man's role in the process of economic transformation process of socialization is defined in its broadest sense. The criterion of efficiency of economic transformations was defined as transaction costs. When they reach the critical values the destruction of the institutional system and disturbing the natural course of evolution of the economic system occurs. Technological evolution is recognized as a major factor of economic transformation. Considered non-technological, institutional factors of economic transformation, the differences in the dynamics of changes in technology and social institutions, and social inertia is considered as a defensive reaction to changes in the economic system of the existing social institutions.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Kostiuk V. K., Solohub O. P., Pishenina T. I., Tsymbaliuk L. H.
Problems and Factors of Improvement of Business Performance (p. 315 - 319)

The article explores the issues of increasing aggregate productivity. Theoretical principles of integrated approach of effective improvement of the performance of industrial production were identified, in particular, the baking industry. The nature and characteristics of enterprises in order to improve their performance was investigated. A classification of the factors affecting the performance of enterprises and industrial production was generalized. The main ones are the development of scientific and technological progress, improvement of technological processes and organization of production. The notion of aggregate productivity was generalized . In assessing the aggregate performance based on multivariate analysis also focused on the isolation of two groups of factors: dependent and independent from business entities. Methodical approaches to the evaluation of aggregate productivity and their implementation in the performance of management were considered, the main directions of its effective increase in food industries, particularly baking were substantiated. Based on the state-level programs the main directions of improving performance at the regional, sectoral and enterprise levels were grounded.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Rohach F. I.
Role and Evaluation of Contemporary Intellectual Work (p. 320 - 325)

In the past more than 200 years of industrial and post-industrial development of the world economy has accumulated considerable scientific knowledge based upon the leading role of the intellectual component of human labor. There remains the problem of quantitative macroeconomic indicators, through which one could express and evaluate the intellectual work and its role in the intellectual potential of the country and the capital. An attempt to solve this problem was the purpose of this article. Analysis of categories related to intellectual work, allowed the group to identify key indicators to achieve the purpose of the article: the intellectual potential and intellectual capital, deterministically related and containing sub-indicators. Comparative analysis of several countries allowed identifying deficiencies of Ukraine in the formation of intellectual capital at quite high rates of intellectual potential. Such quantitative indicators of intellectual capital were substantiated: GDP and innovative ways of a country.

Article is written in Russian


THE PROBLEMS OF ECONOMY №3-2014

Davydova I. O.
Dialectical Interrelation between Economic Relations and Activities in the Employment Sphere (p. 319 - 323)

The objective of the article is consideration of the employment category and its presentation as an aggregate of interrelated concepts, definitions in order to expand the possibility of using it to analyze the reality associated with intellectualization of labor and employment, realization of the intellectual capital of society. While analyzing the category of “employment”, the interrelation between economic relations and activities is established at the conceptual level. The essence of employment is defined as a unity of economic relations and activities aimed at human development and development of human capacities. The capacity for work is manifest in its characteristic features: immanence, mobility, individualization, involvement of certain contingents, multifunctionality, motivation, whose interaction determines the characteristic ontological features of the employment relations. Elaboration on employment as relations of forming socially necessary behavior provides an objective explanation for the positions of participants which relies on intention and capacities as well as the system of established social relations, on the roles that participants perform in it. Contradictions between employment as relations and an activity are resolved within the market context through alignment of demands of labor market participants with employment terms. Economic relations as a sphere of social relations determine activities from the perspective of realization of particular socioeconomic advantages and objectives, which allows singling out subsystems, providing an explanation for the nature of innovative processes in the employment sphere.

Article is written in Ukrainan


THE PROBLEMS OF ECONOMY №4-2014

Kolupaieva I. V.
The Regulatory Policy Tools of the State (p. 407 - 417)

The objective of the article is scientific and theoretical substantiation of the regulatory policy tools of the state considering the contemporary economic development context and integration processes. The study provides a comprehensive analysis and summary of the aims, functions, and principles of the regulatory policy of the state. The author substantiated and updated the list of specific principles – with the scientific validity principle and the competence principle. The article also proposes the author’s own view on the stages of implementation of the regulatory policy of the state. The organizational support and the legal framework were analyzed, as well as the information, financial and economic support; also rationale was provided for singling out the analytical support for the state regulation of the economy. The study provides schematic representation of the components of the regulatory policy tools of the state which include the aim, functions, principles, methods, organizational, information, analytical, financial and economic support, as well as legal framework and can be used at the level of state regulation of the economy.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Sardak S. E.
Prevailing Forms of Management and Regulatory Impact on the Development of Human Resources in the Multilevel Social and Economic Systems (p. 418 - 423)

Dynamic conversion in society caused by globalization lead to the need to find main forms controls development human resources. The purpose of study is to determine prevailing forms of management and regulatory impact on the development of human resources in the multilevel social and economic systems and provision of their features. The article harmonizes thirteen levels of human activities environment and five management levels which form managerial and regulatory impact on the development of human resources in social and economic systems. It is proved that prevailing forms of management influence on development of human resources in social and economic systems have varying degrees of "managerial rigidity" - from "very hard" (self-management and management) to "moderate" (regulation) and "soft" (coordination) on various management levels. The scientific novelty, practical significance and originality of results are in creation of methodological framework for design of mechanisms of managerial and regulatory impact on the development of human resources in any social and economic systems.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Shatilova O. V., Moskvin B. Y.
The Notion, Structure, and Functions of the Market for Corporate Control (p. 424 - 431)

The article discusses the characteristic features of functioning of the market for corporate control which is an integral part of the internal market in countries with established market relations. The objective of the article consists in generalization and systematization of the existing perspectives on the essence of the market for corporate control, its structure and functions. Based on the comparative analysis of the interpretations of the market for corporate control currently existing in the economic literature, four approaches were singled out which concern interpretation of the essence of the market for corporate control: 1) the approach which defines the market for corporate control as an area where deals on transfer of the rights to exercise control over enterprises occur; 2) the approach that equates the market for corporate control with the stock market; 3) the approach which defines the market for corporate control as a place where the transfer of the property rights to assets of an enterprise takes place; 4) the approach that regards the market for corporate control as an external mechanism regulating corporate operations. The authors propose their own definition of the essence of the market for corporate control. The structure of the market for corporate control was studied as well. The article describes the composition and functions of such basic structural elements of (participants in) the market for corporate control as market actors, market objects, intermediaries, market regulators, and other market participants. Based on the study of the information, regulatory, stimulating, integrating, and control functions of the market, specific properties of their manifestation within the context of the market for corporate control were singled out, which arise from particular needs typical for the participants in this kind of market. The prospects for further studies in this field consist in the analysis of characteristic aspects of formation of individual segments of the market for corporate control and study of the behavior of enterprises with various types of ownership on the market for corporate control

Article is written in Ukrainan


THE PROBLEMS OF ECONOMY №1-2015

Budko O. V.
Modeling the System of Accounting and Analytical Support of Economic Entities in the Context of Sustainable Development (p. 285 - 291)

The article aims to provide a rationale for a model of the system of accounting and analytical support of the sustainable development of economic entities which presupposes singling out the interrelations of its components and enhancement of the accuracy and completeness of information formed in the corresponding subsystems in order to develop effective managerial decisions. The study allowed determining a model of accounting and analytical support which meets the information needs of the sustainable development of an economic entity. The article specifies that its basis will be formed by the theoretical, methodological, organizational, and technological components which are determined by trends in the development of socioeconomic relationships. The article describes the constructed model of the system of accounting and analytical support that enabled establishing the essence of its components and connections between them. Prospects for further research consist in the development of models for each of the elements of the system of accounting and analytical support which determine the quality of its operation in the context of sustainable development.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Vlasenko T. A., Vasylenko Y. V.
Theoretical and Methodological Aspects of Defining the Intellectual Capital (p. 292 - 298)

The work generalizes theoretical approaches to defining the term “intellectual capital” using the tools of morphological analysis. The authors list key characteristics of the intellectual capital as a type of capital and describe the features which are only inherent in this type of capital. Morphological analysis allowed singling out basic categories of the intellectual capital: an asset capable of yielding profits, an asset and a competitiveness factor, a process and knowledge, skills. By combining morphological decomposition and analysis of characteristic aspects of basic approaches to defining the intellectual capital, the authors developed their own definition of the studied category: as intellectual assets represented by human and machine intelligence and intellectual products having economic value and usable in production and exchange for the purpose of generating income, ensuring competitiveness of the enterprise.

Article is written in English


Ryazanova N. S.
The Financial Market as an Economic Category: Its Characteristic Features, Social Purpose, and Functions in the Modern Information Society (p. 299 - 312)

The article aims to study the financial market as an economic category with its characteristic features, objective socioeconomic purpose realized through the financial market functions. As an economic category, the financial market is essentially a system of economic relations whose subject matter is monetary capital and the objective is realization of its movement towards a higher rate of return. The article substantiates that the characteristic features of the financial market of the present-day information age are its heterogeneity, a high level of uncertainty, a trend towards globalization, and a focus on innovation. Each of the features, having multiple manifestation aspects, is closely connected with the other features. The socioeconomic purpose of the financial market consists in realization of the monetary capital movement. The objective functions of the market are the accumulative, investment, price, and information functions. The article also considers the connection between the economic category of the financial market and the other financial categories and observes the connection between the financial market and the financial service market.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Shevchenko B. A.
The Issue of Theoretical and Methodological Support for Efficiency Evaluation of Public-Private Partnership Projects (p. 313 - 318)

The article aims to provide theoretical substantiation and methodological support for efficiency evaluation of public-private partnership projects. The study allowed formulating the theoretical foundation for efficiency evaluation of public-private partnership projects using the project monitoring system and controlling the process of its implementation. Such an approach is realized in terms of both the dynamics of achievement of general project goals and accomplishment of tasks pertaining to its stage-by-stage implementation, determination of their correspondence to the interests of each partner on the basis of adjustment of partnership parameters, its terms, change in the interaction forms, discontinuation of a partnership. A generalizing indicator of the project being efficient was determined as the level of its correspondence to the conditions of the state achieving the ultimate goals of the implemented partnership, that is adherence to the priorities of common goals and policy, in particular socially oriented ones.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Berenda S. V., Sholom A. S.
Etymology of the Term “Institution” and Evolution of Its Meaning in Economic Studies Using the Example of the WTO (p. 319 - 325)

“Institution”, or “social institution”, is not only one of the most popular terms in contemporary social sciences, which is determined by the scientific trend which dominates them, namely institutionalism, but also the least defined one. This results in the essence of the term becoming evasive and generalized, which creates a precedent for referring to virtually anything as an “institution”. The essence of this term varies not only in economics and law, psychology and sociology, but also within one discipline. Understanding of this term which is of critical importance for institutionalism is further complicated by its being increasingly frequently used in the press and thus turning into an “institutional trap”. Nevertheless, provided that the key terms are defined, institutionalism has a chance of becoming a common philosophy of the discipline – the economic “Theory of Everything”. The article discusses the dual essence of the WTO which establishes the rules of play in the international trade but cannot be fully responsible for the strategy of its participating players. On the one hand, the WTO is an institution consisting of international civil servants, while on the other hand, it is an organization comprised of member countries. The aim of the article is to consider the national tradition of using the term “institution” and to study the etymology of the term on the basis of the evolution of its essence in economic studies for its correct interpretation using the example of the WTO.

Article is written in Ukrainan


THE PROBLEMS OF ECONOMY №2-2015

Berezin O. V., Mezenceva O. M.
Comparative Analysis to the Research of Development Management at Trade Enterprises (p. 240 - 246)

The aim of the article is substantiation of theoretically aspects of management development at trade enterprises. In the article a critical analysis of the concept of “enterprise development management” is presented, modern approaches to the management of enterprise development from the standpoint of theoretical and methodological foundations and specific of the entities are studied. The study identified the key points for providing development management of enterprises based on strategic objectives, effective use of resource potential, introduction of innovations. The author’s generalization of modern approaches to the development management of trade enterprises through the use of comparative analysis has been made. Modern methods of development management of trade enterprises have been studied. The classification of development types of trade enterprises has been proposed. The author’s definition of development management of trade enterprises has been suggested and the directions of the development of the use of development reserves of trade enterprises substantiated.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Vartsaba V. I.
Synergetic Paradigm of the Harmonized Management of Human Resources of Socio-Economic Systems (p. 247 - 252)

The aim of the article is to study the theoretical and methodological aspects of the harmonization of socio-economic interests of market participants in a social system through the use of intellectual capital. The study shows that the basis of win-win competition in Pareto-efficient relations of counterparties in the market conditions is the phenomenon of synergy that may be achieved through the integration and collaboration of intellectual activity of human resource systems in syntellectual space. A model of achieving by the socio-economic system the state of synergy under the influence of administration of its subsystems and a conceptual diagram of the harmonized administration and management of intellectual and transformation processes in these subsystems have been developed. Comprehensive use of the phenomena of syntellect (joint thinking) and synergy (joint action) for achieving by the system the state of synarchy (co-management) with obtaining the corresponding effect in the form of the level of economic well-being while preserving the market equilibrium and harmonized relations between its participants has been suggested. The prospect for further research in this direction is analyzing the potential of existing management technologies and tools for possible use in the processes and procedures of harmonized administration and management of domestic administrative body.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Voznyak H. V.
The Benefits and Risks of the Budget Decentralization: Theoretical and Methodological Aspects (p. 253 - 257)

The paper clarifies the essence of the “budget decentralization” and suggests the author’s vision of the concept. The benefits and risks of the implementation of budget decentralization at the regional level have been systematized. Their characteristics from the position of macroeconomic regulation of socio-economic processes have been presented. In the result of the research it has been proposed that the reform of local self-government and territorial organization of administration in terms of accretion of the power of local self-government bodies on the formation and use of budgetary resources should be carried out taking into account the advantages/disadvantages of the budget decentralization, the determination of necessary and sufficient level of its implementation as well as the degree of readiness of the central government and society to such changes.

Article is written in Ukrainan


THE PROBLEMS OF ECONOMY №3-2015

Doronina M. S.
Behavioral economics. The research methodology background (p. 237 - 243)

The subject area of economic science becomes more complicated, its behavioral model is being formed gradually. The problem of determining the method, technology, methodology of its development using recommendations of philosophy and conceptual combination of separate results presented in publications becomes urgent. As a methodological basis of the behavioral economic theory it is advisable to choose synthesis of recommendations made by representatives of postpositivism (K. Popper, T. Kuhn, I. Lakatos, P. Feyerabend) with a focus on two cognitive technologies: epistemology and gnoseology. Specifying the subject of the theory of behavioral economics requires clarifying the essence of the terms “behavior”, “behavioral economics”, “behavior of the economy” and “the economy of behavior”. The content development of the theory of behavioral economics is possible using ideas of cognomics, case studies, culturedigm, chaos, the golden section, spiral dynamics of consciousness, organizational behavior. Higher school should get involved in training specialists for behavioral economics by means of forming cognitive and research competence of graduates. Globalization processes expand the field of economic science as a whole and of its behavioral model towards the external environment. There arises a problem of social responsibility of the government, civil society, business, citizen, employee, enterprise, science. Human consciousness is becoming a new and complex object of attention for all engaged in the theory of behavioral economics.

Article is written in English


Popov O. E., Mytrofanova A. S.
Organizational and Economic Support of Socialization of Production Relations in National Models of Economic Systems (p. 244 - 251)

The aim of the article is to develop a system of organizational and economic support for socialization of production relations in accordance with the initial level of their development in various models of economic systems. In the article it has been revealed that formulating recommendations on socialization of production relations in such areas as social partnership development as well as improvement of joint stock, cooperative, public, individual labor property becomes possible, provided determining the initial level of industrial relations development within a specific economic system model. With this purpose in the article there has been built a system of typical characteristics of development level of industrial relations and their indicators of varying degrees of formalization, which consists of four groups. On the basis of analyzing the characteristics there was suggested a system of recommendations of the state policy on increasing the social content of industrial relations, which consists of three groups according to the initial stage of development of industrial relations — for models of economic systems with high, medium and low degree of socialization of industrial relations.

Article is written in Russian


THE PROBLEMS OF ECONOMY №4-2015

Bryukhovetskaya N. Y., Bulyeyev I. P.
Competition: Some Aspects of Theory and Practice (p. 253 - 259)

Based on the retrospective analysis, the category of “competition” has been presented as a dialectical unity of the opposites “fight-cooperation”. The forms of its manifestation at different stages of development of society and economy have been considered. The notion of competition and its features in the context of globalization have been clarified. Suggestions on improving the competitive relations at the present stage of economic development have been made. Proposals on specifying the indicators for the formation of competitiveness rankings at the level of the national and international economies taking into account the military and industrial production have been substantiated.

Article is written in Russian


Tiutiunnykova S. V., Ganzherli A. O.
Social (Public) Needs in the System of Human Needs (p. 260 - 265)

The problem of needs has always been the focus of academic economists. A special place in the system of human needs is occupied by public (social) needs. The aim of the article is to analyze the conditions of formation, role and importance of public (social) needs in the structure of human needs. Human needs are the main driving force of social and economic development. Social needs reflect and influence the priorities of development, form the cultural space of a modern man. Therefore, the factors that build the structure of consumption in modern society ensuring its stable social and economic development require special attention. In today’s society the circle of essential needs is increasingly expanding, there occurs socialization of needs. They become social not only because they are satisfied by using the means generated in the process of socio-economic activities, but also because the whole process of satisfaction is associated with forms of social life. At the post-industrial stage of development in the structure of the needs of a modern man there start dominating social and cultural requirements actualized by the man’s striving for cultural identity. Along with the real needs reflecting the objective situation of human existence in the current social environment, there are also false, virtual needs artificially stimulated in people with different goals. Modern processes affecting the system of public needs are very dynamic and contradictory, so there is a need of their constant monitoring in order to skillfully redirect the society resource potential to achieve the priority goals of development. Social needs are not only able to reflect the specific historical conditions but also actively influence the nature of the processes, face the challenges of time and affect the stability and inclusion of social development by improving the life quality of both human and society.

Article is written in Russian


Khomjak M. S.
The Evolution of Theories and Concepts of Financial Space (p. 266 - 272)

The aim of the article is to study the essence of theories and concepts of financial space, and its objectives are: to identify the main stages and specifics of financial theories and concepts of financial space; justify the possible directions for implementation of the theoretical concepts of financial space in the Ukrainian realities. Under modern unpredictable conditions of the globalized world, various financial processes, which are difficult to predict, occur in financial space. As the realities of the second decade of the XXI century testify, the financial practice is ahead of the theoretical developments. However, the essence of cash flows, which are formed in the world, including domestic financial space, is that they are real, rather than virtual, and therefore are of such a nature that can be found, studied and justified. All the financial problems that emerged during the existence of human civilization found its theoretical justification and proper implementation. That is why the domestic financial flows, which currently have an unpredictable nature, should be properly investigated and a concrete solution should be found.

Article is written in Ukrainan


THE PROBLEMS OF ECONOMY №1-2016

Kolesnichenko I. M.
The Theory of Effectiveness of the State: Institutional Aspect (p. 229 - 234)

The article is devoted to one of the most urgent problems of modern economic theory and practice — effectiveness of the state. The aim of the paper is a comprehensive analysis of institutional aspects of the formation of a new economic theory of effectiveness of the state. To achieve this aim, the author first summarizes the evolution and theoretical and methodological characteristics of the economic theories of the state paying a special attention to the essence of the concept of “state” and focusing on “effectiveness of the state” as a major category of the new economic theory. Then he proceeds to institutional aspects of effectiveness of the state considering it as a specific organization and system of institutions of power and control; defines components of effectiveness of the state generalizing the existing methodological approaches and most importantly — the modern criteria for assessing the effectiveness of the state.

Article is written in Ukrainan


THE PROBLEMS OF ECONOMY №2-2016

Miriasov I. О.
Real Capital: Complementarity and Structural Characteristics (p. 141 - 147)

Two opposite approaches to the concept of real capital are considered. The presupposition for studying capital within the neoclassical school, which can be characterized as “empirical realism”, is the homogeneity of capital. This allows to apply formal methods of studying and modeling industrial processes but excludes from consideration the properties and characteristics of capital as a real factor of production. The approach of the Austrian school corresponding to traditions of “critical realism” in the economy focuses on real properties of capital and its role in the process of public production. The aim of this study is to clarify the idea of real capital, its properties, structural characteristics and mechanisms of formation. According to this, the characteristic of two different approaches is given. It is shown that the heterogeneity of capital is the basis of complementarity of capital goods and their combinations in each particular case of their application. The same capital goods have different performance depending on the method of their combination as a result of the production plans of entrepreneurs. Emergent properties of capital are also the result of the combination. Differences in the use and combination of capital determine its overall structure, subsystems of which are natural objects at different levels included in the production, capital goods themselves and their various combinations, social capital. Each of these subsystems is relatively independent and forms a higher level subsystem.

Article is written in Russian


THE PROBLEMS OF ECONOMY №3-2016

Doronin A. V., Doronin S. A.
The Conceptual Preconditions of Studying Collective Professional Mobility of Management Personnel (p. 245 - 252)

The preconditions and problems of developing the concept of the study and transformation of collective professional mobility of management personnel are generalized. The necessity of specifying the content and structure of the scientific and methodological concept of “paradigm” is justified. The possibility of using philosophy and economic theory to determine the initial ideas on the development of technique for studying collective professional mobility of management personnel are analyzed; contradictions, which resolution would create a constructive theoretical basis of such a study are revealed. The need to focus on the interdisciplinary approach in the development of the conceptual preconditions of studying collective professional mobility is substantiated. The versions of the world view allowing to ensure productive discussions of representatives of various scientific disciplines at the phenomenological stage of building a new paradigm are developed.

Article is written in English


THE PROBLEMS OF ECONOMY №4-2016

Butenko N. V., Tereshchenko O. L.
Competitive Advantages of Effective Relationships of Business Entities as a Basis for Economic Development of Ukraine (p. 176 - 182)

The aim of the article is to determine the transformation of sense of relationships between business entities in the national economy as well as basic ideas and principles of forming competitive advantages of effective relationships. The objective preconditions for the transition from the confrontation strategy to relationships as a basis of interaction of business entities in the structure of the national economy are analyzed. It is determined that the weakening of the antagonistic dominant of competitive relations and the growing importance of a constructive component of partnership has become a background of the desire of business entities to establish effective relationships. The attention is focused on the trends of the cooperation and integration approach to competitive behavior, which is manifested in such forms of competitive interactions as coordination, constructive interaction and competitive collaboration in order to achieve individual and common goals of competitive relationships of the entities. The competitive advantages based on establishing long-term and effective relationships are considered. The peculiarities in the formation of the system of relationships in the insurance market are justified, in particular the causes hindering the development of relationships in the sphere of security are determined, the main partners — entities in the system of relationships in the insurance market are identified, the levels of relationships management in the insurance market are determined. Among the advantages of the use of effective relationships in the field of insurance are the following: improving the company’s image, attracting new customers, additional sales of insurance services, limiting the access of competitors’ offers, more efficient use of the advertising budget, improving the efficiency of the development of new insurance products and services, increasing the profits and value of brands, improving relations with investors.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Vishnevsky V. P., Rekova N. Y.
Principles, Economic and Institutional Prerequisites for Fiscal Decentralization under Conditions of Post-Conflict Reconstruction (p. 183 - 189)

The aim of the article is to study principles, economic and institutional prerequisites for fiscal decentralization on post-conflict territories. It is determined that fiscal decentralization is one of the main ways to solve problems of post-conflict areas. There justified principles, economic and institutional prerequisites of fiscal decentralization on post-conflict territories with regard to the specificity of individual spheres of fiscal relations. Moreover, different spheres of fiscal relations require different approaches: the sphere of public revenues — providing economic efficiency with the formation of the tax structure contributing to the expansion of the tax base; the sphere of public spending — ensuring social justice and transparency in allocation of social cost at the local level; the sphere of subsidies — narrowing the scope of application of intergovernmental transfers with organizing the redistribution of financial resources under the principle of “center - post-conflict regions - post-conflict recipients”; the sphere of external assistance — ensuring proper coordination for cultivation of new co-operative institutions.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Savytska N. L., Ushakova N. G., Pominova I. I.
The Market for Higher Education Services in the Context of the Theory of Merit Goods (p. 190 - 196)

The aim of the article is to determine features of the market for higher education services under modern conditions of globalization in the context of the theory of merit goods. In view of a holistic vision of education as a sphere of economic development, it is proved that the educational service of a higher education institution is a process and result at the same time; there disclosed a complex nature of the educational product of a higher education establishment represented by educational programs and technologies, formalized and implicit knowledge, physical and mental components of organization of the educational and scientific process. Services in the sphere of higher education have both features inherent in the majority of services in general and specific properties, the most important of which is a complementary nature of individual and social usefulness of their production and consumption, which allows to define them as merit goods. The state tutelage over the market for educational services is substantiated by the lag of demand for such services behind long-term interests of society because individual consumers are willing to buy merit goods at a price that is significantly lower than the total expenditure on training specialists. The merit market for national higher education services is characterized by disequilibrium caused by systemic and local institutional traps, the smoothing of which requires not only a competitive state educational policy but also balanced marketing policy of educational institutions that becomes possible under conditions of real autonomy of higher education institutions.

Article is written in Ukrainan


THE PROBLEMS OF ECONOMY №1-2017

Vahlakova V. V.
The Formation of the Science of Economic Security (p. 290 - 296)

The accumulation of empirical material on the problems of economic security (state, region, enterprise) at a certain moment required explanation using a number of theoretical constructions and structurization of the accumulated body of knowledge, which led to the emergence of the science of economic security — a hierarchical science in which objects of economic security are located by the following levels: state — region — subject of economic activity. The terms used to denote the totality of knowledge about economic security (state, region, enterprise) are analyzed. The content of the science of economic security as a modern field of knowledge is disclosed. The presence in the economic security of the characteristics peculiar for each scientific branch is analyzed. The general laws of the formation of the science of economic security are considered. The content and characteristics of previously isolated stages in the evolution of the national science on economic security (phenomenological, divergent, convergent and sedimentary) are clarified, the integration and pragmatic stage is added.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Ivashyna S. Y.
Theoretical Basis for Studying the New Middle Class (p. 297 - 301)

The aim of the article is to clarify the content of the economic category “the new middle class”, to define its specific features and basic functions. Various classification and functional characteristics of the middle class are given. The necessity of combining sociological and political-economic approaches to the definition of the middle class as a socio-status and socio-economic group is shown. Formation of the socio-economic type of the owner of intellectual capital is identified as the attributive feature of the middle class. A conclusion is drawn on the economic realization of the right to property for intellectual capital in the form of rent. It is proved that the formation of the new middle class reflects the objective orientation of social production to overcome social contradictions. However, the tendency to overcome the class antagonisms of previous social types does not reduce the depth of contradictions between labor and capital and does not indicate a change in the essence of capital. Attention is paid to the socio-cultural features of the new middle class, which are viewed through changes in the way and style of life, its motivational orientation to the post-economic value system is determined.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Opalko V. V.
Determinants of Development of Socio-Economic Systems (p. 302 - 307)

The aim of the study is to determine the dynamics of development, factors and determinants that can stimulate the development of socio-economic systems. There proposed the author’s approach to the concept of “development of the socio-economic system”, which should be understood as gradual quantitative and qualitative changes in the functioning of the social and market institutions of the system. The theoretical principles of the dynamics of development of socio-economic systems that allow identifying the determinants capable to qualitatively change the development of socio-economic systems are systematized. The novelty of the study is the proposed formalized approach to development determinants that in the aggregate significantly change the functioning of the socio-economic system. It is proved that the determinants of development cause fluctuations, phase transitions from the previous level of development to the next one.

Article is written in Russian


Tiutiunnykova S. V.
Human Capital as an Actual Resource of Social and Economic Development (p. 308 - 314)

The strengthening of the competitive struggle in the world space, the growth of crisis phenomena in the national and global economy, the spread of new and emerging technologies with the dominant role of the human factor in them actualize a new surge of scientific interest in the problem of human capital and human potential. Human potential as a more capacious and complex integrity, of course, is the basis of human capital, but it is not reduced to it. Human capital absorbs only a certain set of qualities that are used in the economy. They form the qualitative characteristics of the labor force, which are capable of increasing the productive capacity, and, consequently, the incomes of their owners. Human potential is not only a platform for the development of human qualities and corresponding intangible forms of capital (social, intellectual, cultural, etc.). The human potential is the possibilities for human development, the expansion of its choice. In turn, the possibilities for growth of the potential depend on the quality of human capital, its use and capitalization. Between the human potential and human capital, there formed complex and ambiguous relationships: complementary, mutually replicating, correlative, mutually reinforcing, interrelated and causal. Under conditions of overcoming the accumulated contradictions and challenges of the 21st century, directing the country’s economy into the trajectory of economic growth, it is important to avoid opposing these categories and find mechanisms for resolving the contradictions between them, to improve the practice of managing in search for their harmonious interaction and effective use.

Article is written in Russian


Shved V. V.
The Theory of Collective Action and Wikinomics: the Analysis of Historical Transformation (p. 315 - 319)

The subject of the article is the analysis of the main components of the theory of collective action and its evolutionary transformation into modern economic models. The nature of emergence of the theory of collective action, its significance for modern society, the scope of its use as well as the key shortcomings are analyzed. There studied the process of development of the theory of collective actions, namely the interrelation of public incentives of different nature and peer relationships, which, in turn, leads to a change in the economic nature of relations in modern society. Also, attention is paid to the essence of wikinomics, the transformation of the theory of collective actions into the theory of wikinomics is argued with simultaneous solution of the key problems inherent in the theory of collective action, one of which is insufficient information. The main reasons for using wikinomics in modern business environment in the context of the transition of modern society from the post-industrial era into the information age are revealed.

Article is written in Russian


THE PROBLEMS OF ECONOMY №2-2017

Hutorov A. O.
Rent and Rent Seeking Behavior in the System of Integration Relations in the Agrarian Sector of Economy (p. 235 - 244)

The aim of the article is to improve the theoretical and methodological basis of rental relations and rent seeking behavior in the system of integration relations in the agricultural sector of economy. It is shown that the system of economic mechanisms of integration relations in the agrarian sector of economy includes one of the most important and at the same time the most controversial elements — rent seeking behavior. The dialectical unity of rental and integration relations in the agricultural sector of economy follows from the nature of rent itself, its interconnection with economic relations as well as the place in the system of agrarian relations as a whole. This interdependence is empirically confirmed based on the dynamics of frequency of using the terms “integration” and “rent”, as well as their derivatives in scientific works with the Latin and Cyrillic script. The taxonomic system of rent in the modern economic paradigm is developed, rental principles of development of integrated business entities in the agricultural sector of economy are generalized. It is confirmed that the strategy of rent seeking under conditions of imperfection of state and market institutions is unproductive at the micro-level and destructive at the macro-level. Its consequences are the Dutch disease, excessive misuse of funds, low rates of economic development, deindustrialization and disintegration. A productive rent seeking, on the contrary, stimulates innovations, promotes rational distribution of property and resources in economy, raising the level of people’s well-being.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Farat O. V.
The Typology of Methodological Approaches to Development of Innovative Clusters (p. 245 - 250)

The aim of the article is to study the existing methodological approaches to assessing the development of enterprises for further substantiation of possibilities of their using by cluster associations. As a result of research, based on the analysis of scientific literature, the most applicable methodological approaches to assessing the development of enterprises are characterized. 8 methodical approaches to assessing the level of development of enterprises and 4 methodological approaches to assessing the level of development of clusters are singled out. Each of the approaches is characterized by the presence of certain advantages and disadvantages, but none of them allows to obtain a systematic assessment of all areas of cluster functioning, identify possible reserves for cluster competitiveness growth and characterize possible strategies for their future development. Taking into account peculiarities of the functioning and development of cluster associations of enterprises, we propose our own methodological approach for assessing the development of innovative cluster structures.

Article is written in Ukrainan


THE PROBLEMS OF ECONOMY №3-2017

Kyzym M. O., Doronina M. S.
World View in Economic Science (p. 227 - 232)

In the process of updating the economic model of society there arose the problem of eliminating contradictions in the development of economic science that do not allow us to solve problems of practice in proven ways. Although these contradictions and methods for their resolving are partially reflected in many scientific publications, methodological and practical justifications for a comprehensive study of the reserves of the economic science development by combining the provisions of philosophy and disciplines of the humanities are still relevant. The solution of the problem of unpredictability of functioning and development of the economy using such a combination of scientific disciplines can be ensured by applying the world view models that enable justifying the vector of attention of scientists in the subject area of the problem. The constructiveness of the interaction of scientists representing different ontological views of the world depends on improving of the conceptual and categorical support of their dialogue. A scientific world view in such a composition creates a basis, firstly, for a fruitful discussion of representatives of various disciplines having a common subject of research, and, secondly, for overcoming the institutional and cognitive barriers to professional mobility of scientists. It can also serve to develop the mobility of representatives of professional communities of researchers.

Article is written in English


Shpak S. O.
The Category of Development in Economics of Enterprises. Critical Notes (p. 233 - 241)

The aim of the article is a critical analysis of definitions of the development process in economics in general and enterprise economics in particular, identification of typical mistakes in formulating these definitions, clarification of the economic content of this concept and formation of its methodologically correct definition. On the basis of the main formal logical and methodological requirements of the logic and methodology of scientific research to defining concepts, the results of the critical analysis of the widespread in scientific literature definitions of the concept of development of economic systems and enterprises are laid out. The results obtained testify to the lack of unity of views among scientists on the concept of development, which is fundamental in the theory of strategic management of enterprises; the existence of numerous typical logical and methodological mistakes in formulating the definition of this concept, which exclude the possibility of effective, constructive use of the concept of enterprise development as an instrument of scientific knowledge. The appropriateness of interpreting enterprise development as the process of purposeful qualitative changes in its condition, which provides an increase in the level of viability (competitiveness) of the enterprise, is justified. Furthermore, there identified scientific issues that arise from the proposed interpretation of the development process and require additional study, including the issue of the expediency of introducing the very notion of enterprise development in the conceptual-categorical apparatus of the theory of enterprise management.

Article is written in Russian


THE PROBLEMS OF ECONOMY №4-2017

Kniazieva T. V., Radchenko H. A.
Theoretical Prerequisites for the Formation of the Concept of Environmentally Responsible Marketing (p. 319 - 325)

The aim of the article is to study the evolution of theoretical approaches to the problems related to the ecological and economic interaction of economic entities and clarify the essential characteristics of the economic component of environmentally responsible marketing. By analyzing, systematizing and summarizing scientific works of domestic and foreign scientists, the evolution of marketing concepts is considered, the views of researchers on the definition of the concepts “social marketing”, “environmental marketing” are systematized. As a result of the research, the advantages and disadvantages of the existing definitions of “green” marketing are highlighted. The main characteristics of the concept “environmentally responsible marketing” are formulated in the context of the concepts of sustainable development and socially responsible marketing. Prospects for further research in this area are: the infrastructure of environmentally responsible marketing; a conceptual justification of the methodology for building an environmentally responsible marketing system; factors and models of modern economic growth with consideration for the environmental factor, etc.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Mardus N. Y.
Theoretical and Methodological Approaches to Determining the Economic Essence of Market as an Economic Category (p. 325 - 329)

The aim of the article is to study theoretical and methodological approaches to determining the economic essence and content of the concept “market” with subsequent clarification and expansion of its interpretation. To achieve the research objective, the following tasks are solved: the prerequisites for the emergence of market, its evolution are investigated, which, in comparison with existing approaches to the definition of market, are considered by the author comprehensively from the perspective of the system and evolutionary approaches. In the article a holistic and thorough examination of the concept “market” from the point of view of the existence of the public economy is carried out and theoretical and methodological approaches to the definition of the concept “market” as an economic category is considered. The results of the research showed that the concept “market” is one of the most widespread and complex categories in economic theory, one of the most common terms in society and is the basis of the market economy.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Tiutiunnykova S. V., Karasik A. O.
Humanization and Optimization of the Structure of Human Needs in the Context of Globalization (p. 330 - 335)

Holistic harmonious development of a person depends on the quantity and quality of the needs being met. A vector of social and economic development aimed at maximizing rather than harmonious satisfaction of needs destroys the holistic human reproduction, turns a person into a consumer. The article is dedicated to the issue of humanizing the system of needs and optimizing its structure, which expand the conditions for holistic human development. The modern transformation of the structure of needs, which takes place in the context of globalization, occurs under the stringent pressure of many objective and subjective factors that sometimes have a multidirectional and contradictory impact on the system of needs. Needs are in the state of movement, development, expansion; the structure of needs is complex, multilevel, hierarchical. An important task for economic practice is the creation of mechanisms for external and internal restriction of excessive needs, formation of effective social norms of personal consumption. The search for a new vector of civilized socio-economic development should be oriented toward such structural changes in the system of human needs that will be formed under the influence of humanization, which ensures the balance of structural elements. The progress of humanity is not confined to the restriction of needs of a person, it is associated with the development of his/her abilities, with such dynamic and structural changes in the system of needs that contribute to the development and realization of abilities of a person. Among the main directions of the transformation of the structure of human needs in the context of the spread of the contradictory impact of globalization there can be separately singled out the acceleration of the quantitative dynamics of the growth of needs, changes in their quality, improvement of the forms and methods for their satisfaction; growth of interethnic and intra-national gaps in the volume and structure of needs; institutionalization of personal consumption and its transformation into a factor of economic growth; identification of demand as the leading factor in building social identity.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Smiesova V. L.
Reproduction of Economic Interests as a Nonlinear Dynamical System (p. 336 - 343)

The aim of the article is to define the system characteristics of reproduction of economic interests of actors, substantiate the possibility of its evolutionary and revolutionary development and the nonlinearity of its development in dynamics. The article justifies the main characteristics of the system of reproduction of economic interests. It is proved that in this system stability and variability are complementarily combined as integrated mechanisms of its development in statics and dynamics, assurance of its self-organization and self-restoration, quantitative and qualitative transformation. In its static state, there prevail characteristics of steadiness and leaning towards stability and constancy. In the dynamic state, the main characteristic is variability of the system of reproduction of economic interests, which determines / reacts to the processes of transformation and development of its constituent subsystems, potential opportunities, preferences and economic behavior of actors (changes in the endogenous environment), institutions and establishments, constraints and stabilizers (changes in the exogenous environment). The model of dynamic development of the system for reproduction of economic interests is proposed, the phases of its evolutionary and revolutionary development are substantiated.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Sharko M. V., Gusarina N. V.
Transformation of the Terminological Apparatus of Economic Development of Innovation Activity under Conditions of Dynamic Changes in the External Environment (p. 344 - 350)

The aim of the article is to analyze the content interpretation of categorical concepts of economic development of production functioning under conditions of dynamic changes in the exploitation of the external environment. The article presents the author’s interpretation of the concepts of economic development and economic growth under conditions of dynamic changes in the external environment. The urgency of unification and systematization of the main interpretations of economic growth as a means of choosing and using certain management solutions under specific production conditions is substantiated. Based on the construction of the Ishikawa diagram, the reasons and difficulties of the economic growth of enterprises are graded. The conditions and factors of the conceptual apparatus of innovation activity under uncertainty are structured. It is shown that the complex application of iterative methods and methods of factor analysis provides a holistic perception of the dominant tendencies of economic development under conditions of dynamic changes in the external environment.

Article is written in Russian


THE PROBLEMS OF ECONOMY №1-2018

Vasylchuk I. P.
From Corporate Social Responsibility to Corporate Sustainability: Features of Financing Sustainable Development (p. 243 - 250)

The theoretical basis of the concepts of corporate social responsibility and sustainable development are studied. It is revealed that scientists mainly distinguish two main stages in the evolution of the concept of corporate social responsibility. There argued the expediency of singling out the third stage of the development of the concept (version CSR 2.0), which is characterized by the integration of the theoretical and practical foundations of the concepts of CSR and sustainable development as well as by their implementation into activities of corporations. The presence of the necessary prerequisites for singling out the new stage in the evolution of these concepts (version CSR 3.0), which is based on the provisions of the collaborative theory and provides for the cooperation of social enterprises and sustainable corporations in achieving the goals of sustainable development, is revealed, its expediency is justified. The determinant of the stage is the use of opportunities for sustainable development, the dominant is the social orientation, and its content is characterized by the slogan “doing common good to do common well”. Using generalization, there identified the features of the established models of sustainable development of corporations by key aspects (goals, principles, methods). On this basis, the features of approaches to financing sustainable development at the macro and micro levels are determined, and the principles for financing the activities of corporations in the new conditions are defined. It is concluded that achieving sustainability requires an effective system of financing corporate measures aimed at sustainable development, for the creation of which in Ukraine it is necessary to use the experience of “best practices” at the national, local and corporate levels.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Hrinchenko R. V.
Modernization of Theoretical Components of Managing Adaptive Changes in an Enterprise (p. 251 - 256)

The main aim of the article is to study and improve the theoretical basis for managing adaptive changes in an enterprise. An analysis of theoretical approaches to the definition of the concepts of “management”, “adaptation” and “change” is carried out. There proposed the author’s definition of the concept of “management”: management of an enterprise’s activities should be understood as a complex, multifaceted, dynamic process of the formation, adoption and implementation of decisions based on studying the laws, principles, methods, and tools for the formation, adoption, and implementation of decisions to achieve the planned objectives with regard to changes in the external and internal environment of the enterprise. There studied the main aim as well as the task of forming a mechanism for managing activities of enterprises, which made it possible to identify the key tasks of such a mechanism for agro-industrial enterprises. The investigation of theoretical bases of the definition of the concept of “adaptation” is carried out. There proposed the author’s definition of the concept of “adaptation” as a continuous process of studying the external and internal environment of an enterprise, developing and introducing changes in managing organizational and economic, legal, technological, and social components of enterprises to achieve the performance targets and improve the competitiveness of enterprises. There identified and grouped the main components of the mechanism for managing agricultural enterprises: organizational and economic, technological, legal, and social management mechanism.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Zhukova L. M.
The Role of the State in Economic Development: the Main Theoretical Approaches (p. 257 - 264)

The aim of the article is to investigate the impact of institutional changes on the economic development of society and determine the extent to which the institutional status of the state is being realized under global uncertainty. Analyzing, systematizing and summarizing scientific works of a number of scientists, new approaches are considered with regard to the features of the functioning and interaction of state institutions as well as the creation of institutional foundations for the formation of an effective state policy adequate to the contemporary economic realities and the needs of society. As a result of the study, the conditions that modify the role of the state are characterized, differences in the interaction of the state and the economy at the current and previous stages of social and economic development are revealed. It is determined that the provision of the institutional status of the state under modern conditions involves both the continuation of the search for its socio-political formation and geostrategic identity and a significant transformation of the socio-economic development of society, in the process of which a multicomponent aggregate institutional system should be formed. It is substantiated that the process of Ukraine’s integration into the global competition environment calls for orientation towards an innovation model of development. There proved the necessity for searching for the criteria of effectiveness of reforms in the area of mutual complementation of state institutions and market institutions through the thoughtful use of the existing institutional and value resources of society. Prospects for further research in this direction are the definition of strategic objectives of the state policy regarding the provision of the institutional status of the state in the context of global changes.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Khaustova V. Y., Omarov S. A.
The Concept of Sustainable Development as a Paradigm of Development of Sosiety (p. 265 - 273)

The article is dedicated to studying the concept of sustainable development as a new paradigm of development of humanity. The genesis of the evolution of the views of scientists on the goals, essence, and problems of the introduction of this concept are considered. The interpretation of the concept of “sustainable development” by scientists and practitioners is analyzed, and the main approaches to understanding its essence are grouped. The basic principles of sustainable development are singled out. The main approaches to assessing sustainable development of socio-economic systems at different levels, their content, goals, and features of application are investigated. The views of scientists on the path to achieving sustainable development are considered, and the key discussion aspects in solving this problem are identified. It is shown that the concept of sustainable development has undergone a long evolution and continues to develop in accordance with new global challenges. Sustainable development is associated with the formation of a fundamentally new attitude towards man: on the one hand, as a subject of the ecological and economic system, on the other hand, as the main goal of its development. It is substantiated that the transition to sustainable development on a global scale is possible only with the obligatory condition of coherence of all objects and subjects of this process, which is systemic in nature and connects all levels of the socio-economic system (the global, national, regional, local one) and various spheres of its functioning (the economic, social, ecological one).

Article is written in Ukrainan


Shved V. V.
Trust: a Psychological Category or an Economic Value? (p. 274 - 279)

The subject of the article is the analysis of key characteristics of modern economic theories in view of influence of trust on consumer behavior. The main forms of the wikinomistic and behavioral models of economy, their significance for society, key features of the application, as well as the role of trust in their functioning are considered. The basic principles that are unified for all the models under consideration are defined. The Chinese experience of administering and controlling the level of trust is studied with the aim of optimizing the country’s economy, forming consumer sentiments, and influencing behavior of citizens. The key weaknesses of the Chinese system of social rankings are identified. There revealed the negative influence of bureaucracy and state control on the economic models as well as on trust as an independent economic value capable of fundamentally influencing decisions made by market participants.

Article is written in Russian


Shpak S. O.
The Development Potential in the System of Potentials of an Industrial Enterprise (p. 280 - 286)

The aim of the article is to clarify the content and formulate a methodologically rigorous definition of the concept of enterprise development as a key category of management theory for restructuring industrial enterprises that provides the basis for a constructive definition of the concept of development potential and its place in the system of enterprise potentials. It is substantiated that the interpretation of the concept of enterprise development that is consistent with the philosophical concept of development should accumulate the concepts of competitiveness of an enterprise, as the ability to generate an acceptable profit on a long-term basis; the potential of an enterprise, as the ability to perform its basic activity characterizing the cumulative result of such activity, its marginal opportunities; the role of the structure of the enterprise as a system in the formation of its ultimate capabilities (potentials). It is shown that these requirements are met by the definition of the development process as a process of a purposeful transfer of the enterprise to a qualitatively new state described by broader opportunities for generating profits under the forecast conditions. At the same time, the structural adaptation of the enterprise to the new operating conditions is a tool for realizing the development process, which indicates the equivalence of the concepts of structural adaptability of an enterprise and its development potential. It is substantiated that the competitiveness of an enterprise is determined by its economic potential and development potential, which form the highest level of the hierarchy of potentials, the construction of which is possible in the course of decomposition of these potentials into their components according to the type of activity of the enterprise.

Article is written in Russian


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