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Economics of Natural Resources and Environment

THE PROBLEMS OF ECONOMY №2-2013

Koniakhina T.
Formation of the economic mechanism of solution of nature management problems (p. 306 - 311)

The article formulates a necessity and prospects of introduction of wasteless and low-waste technologies of production, which are effective long-term means of protection of environment. It systemises main conditions of solution of international problems of nature management and considers existing shortcomings, which hinder the process. It improves the mechanism of provision of ecological development of economy and solution of global ecological problems. It justifies mandatory directions of activity of an industrial enterprise on minimisation of negative impact of industrial production on environment. It analyses necessary conditions and specific features of functioning of the management system, which deals with administering ecologically oriented works and projects and bears responsibility for the results of their performance.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Saprikina L. N.
Formation of the paradigm of ecologically responsible consumption (p. 312 - 317)

The article considers a necessity of restructurisation of subjects of trading activity, identifies a paradigm of ecologically responsible consumption on the basis of strengthening of the general state imperative of ecologically responsible development of trade, analyses economic mechanisms of restructurisation of trading companies, and studies the structure of ecological capital of the subjects of trading activity.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Tarasova M. Y., Kravets E. O.
Model of assessment of influence of ecological investments upon environmental quality (p. 318 - 324)

The article justifies non-efficiency of the existing system of financing environment protection measures and expediency of use of specialised economic and mathematical tools of support of managerial decisions with respect to volumes of investing into the nature protection sphere. It develops an imitation model of assessment of influence of ecological investments upon environmental quality, which quantitatively describes interconnection between volumes of investing into nature protection measures, environmental quality, volume of green GDP and infection rate of the population. It establishes that the said model is a tool of support of managerial decisions at the stage of planning volumes of investing into nature protection activity and selection of priority directions of improvement of environmental quality. It shows that the said model is applicable for development of alternative scenarios of improvement of environmental quality on its basis.

Article is written in Ukrainan


THE PROBLEMS OF ECONOMY №1-2014

Samojlik M. S.
Economic and ecological optimal strategies of management of the system of regional solid waste disposal (p. 343 - 349)

The article develops an economic and ecological model of optimal management of the system of solid waste disposal at the regional level, identifies its target functions and forms optimisation scenarios of management of this sphere with theoretically optimal parameters’ values. Based on the model of management of the sphere of solid waste disposal the article forms an algorithm of identification of optimal managerial strategies and mechanisms of their realisation, which allows solution of the set tasks of optimisation of development of the sphere of solid waste disposal at a given set of values and parameters of the state of the system for a specific type of life cycle of solid waste and different subjects of this sphere. The developed model has a number of feasible solutions and, consequently, offers selection of the best of them with consideration of target functions. The article conducts a SWOT analysis of the current state of solid waste disposal in the Poltava region and identifies a necessity of development of a relevant strategy on the basis of the developed economic and ecological model with consideration of optimisation of mutually opposite criteria: ecological risk for the population from the sphere of solid waste disposal and total expenditures for this sphere functioning. The article conducts modelling of this situation by basic (current situation) and alternative scenarios and finds out that, at this stage, it is most expedient to build in the region four sorting lines and five regional solid waste grounds, while expenditures on this sphere are UAH 62.0 million per year, income from secondary raw material sales – UAH 71.2 per year and reduction of the ecological risk – UAH 13 million per year.

Article is written in Ukrainan


THE PROBLEMS OF ECONOMY №2-2017

Golyan V. A., Sunduk A. М., Savchuk V. V.
The Institutional Bases of Investment Support for Rationalization of Agricultural Nature Management in Areas of Risk Farming (p. 340 - 346)

The features of the imbalance in agricultural nature management in areas of risk farming (drainage and irrigation areas, mountain territories) are determined. The main trends in the financing of capital investments and current expenditures for protection and rehabilitation of soil, groundwater and surface water are analyzed, which is a prerequisite for improving the institutional support for nature protection activities with respect to reproduction of the soil and water-resource potential. It is found that improving the institutional environment of investment support for nature protection and nature-exploitation activities is especially urgent for areas of risk farming, where balanced nature management is provided on the basis of coordinating the priorities for the use of land, water and biological resources. It is proved that the institutional bases of investing in the rationalization of agricultural land use in areas of risk farming should include proposals for expanding the set of incentives for financing the ecologization of the use of the agricultural resource potential, formation of public-private partnership agreements on the environmental reengineering of reclaimed territories and implementation of environmental investment projects within the framework of the Eastern Partnership programs.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Tomashevska O. A., Petrynyak N. S.
Problems of Development and Increase of Economic Efficiency of Sugar Beet Production (p. 347 - 352)

The aim of the article is the studying of the trends of development and economic efficiency of sugar beet production (using the example of agricultural enterprises of Rokytne district of Kyiv region) and an attempt to outline the directions for improvement of the situation in the sugar beet industry. As a result of the research, the dynamics of development and economic efficiency of sugar beet production at farms of Rokytne district of Kyiv region is analyzed, and the break-even volume of sugar beet production by agrarian enterprises of Kiev region and an individual enterprise of Rokytne district is determined. Particular attention is paid to the dynamics of profitability of sugar beet production in the period from 2011 to 2015. The main problems hindering the development of sugar beet production are identified, namely, the lack of sales channels and high production costs. Prospects for further research in this area are to increase the economic efficiency of sugar beet production and find ways to develop this sector, provided that the production is properly organized, the manufacturing process is followed, the fertilizers are properly used, the seeds are chosen correctly, advanced technologies and high-performance equipment are applied, etc.

Article is written in Ukrainan


THE PROBLEMS OF ECONOMY №3-2017

Dzyubenko O. M.
Investment and Innovation Support for Forestry Practices of Permanent Forest Users under Conditions of Deepening the Institutional Transformations (p. 283 - 291)

The necessity of increasing the investment and innovative support for forestry practices as a necessary prerequisite to ensure the maximum possible wood growth and integrated use of forest resource potential is substantiated. It is found that under current conditions the main institutional prerequisite for attracting private investments in forestry is the establishment of partnerships between state forestry enterprises and private business entities. There analyzed the main tendencies of harvesting liquid wood from final felling, age structure of the main forest-forming species, area of increment felling at state forestry enterprises of Cherkasy region, which is a prerequisite for selecting priority areas for investment and innovation support for forestry practices of permanent forest users in the region. It is proved that the priority direction in investment and innovation support for forestry practices at state forestry enterprises of Cherkasy region is the formation of a mechanism for updating the fleet of production equipment and implements on a new technological basis, which will contribute to the maximum possible approximation of their forestry practices to the principles and rules of science-based forest management.

Article is written in Ukrainan


THE PROBLEMS OF ECONOMY №4-2017

Dzyubenko O. M.
Attraction of Foreign Investments in the Sphere of Economic Development of the Forest Resource Potential and Woodworking Industry: Institutional and Territorial Preconditions (p. 437 - 443)

It has been found that it is possible to overcome the existing investment deficit in the forestry and woodworking segments of the forestry sector of the national economy on the basis of expanding the list of forms, methods and sources of attracting foreign investments into the sphere of economic development of the forest resource potential and wood processing. There revealed main trends in the dynamics of expenses for the maintenance and operation of equipment, as well as the maintenance and operation of forest roads across the regional forestry and hunting management departments. The priorities of improving the institutional environment for attracting foreign investments in the sphere of economic development of the forest resource potential and woodworking industry are substantiated based on implementing by state forest enterprises joint projects with foreign partners, as well as projects within the framework of public-private partnership agreements.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Karpuk A. I., Nestoriak I. I.
Reproduction of Forest Biodiversity: Ecological and Economic Bases and Mechanisms (p. 444 - 452)

It is proved that the reproduction of forest biodiversity under current economic conditions depends on the formation of appropriate mechanisms that will allow to include the priorities of conservation and enhancement of forest vegetation and faunal resources in the range of priorities of permanent forest users and other entities involved in forest exploitation activities. It is established that the expanded reproduction of forest biodiversity is directly related to the increase in the scale of forest reproduction, reduction of forest areas, fires, and intensification of forest protection from pests and diseases. It is justified that the formation of mechanisms for reproduction of forest biodiversity should be based on the creation of a modern system for monitoring forest vegetation and faunal resources, as well as on clear identification of sources of financial support for projects to increase and preserve biodiversity potential.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Lazebnyk I. O.
Adaptation of the Methodological Support to the Specifics of Management of “Smart” Environment (p. 453 - 458)

The aim of the article is to justify the analytic base of the methodological support for adopting new technology solutions necessary to improve management of the “smart” environment system. The article identifies the range of major problems facing modern large cities in the context of the growing urbanization and substantiates the need to introduce the concept of “smart environment for solving these problems. The main approaches to the definition of the concept of “smart” environment are considered. The main components of “smart” environment are identified and analyzed. The best world practices of leading cities, such as Dubai and Hong Kong, regarding the introduction of “smart” technologies are considered.

Article is written in Ukrainan


THE PROBLEMS OF ECONOMY №1-2018

Butrym О. V.
The Impact of Normative Monetary Valuation of Agricultural Land on Ensuring the Development of Low-Carbon Land Use (p. 384 - 389)

The aim of the article is to substantiate the prospects for introducing a low-carbon method of using agricultural land, which ensures a non-negative carbon balance in a reservoir of mineral soil. The need to offer financial and economic levers for its ensuring is determined. The importance of implementing the indicated changes is explained by the dynamics of quantitative parameters of agricultural production in comparison with characteristics of the existing qualitative state of soils. There proposed a direction of forming the financial and economic basis for introducing low-carbon land use through improvement of the pricing instrument for agricultural land plots, namely through supplementation of the method of normative monetary valuation with a coefficient taking into account the effect of change in the carbon reserves. The effectiveness of the proposed improvement is explained by the key influence of normative monetary valuation on the functioning of the system of financial and economic instruments that can be involved in economic transactions with land plots. The proposed approach provides the basis for the improvement of the processing of agricultural development programs as well as the restoration and conservation of agricultural resource potential.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Yarova B. M.
Problems of Creating a Specialized Institution for Managing the State-Owned Agricultural Estate (p. 390 - 395)

The aim of the article is to develop a new model for managing the state-owned agricultural lands taking into account the European experience. The analysis of the functioning of land funds in countries of the European Union is carried out, the basic characteristic features of their activity are singled out and grouped. As a result of the research, it is proposed to create a state specialized institution for managing the state-owned agricultural estate, ensuring the implementation of the state policy and development of rural areas that, unlike existing ones, carry out scientific research activities. The activities will focus on ensuring the implementation of state policies to regulate the agricultural land market; consolidating agricultural land; settling the problem of collective land ownership and the issue of recognition of agricultural lands as escheat inheritance; realizing on behalf of the state of the preferential right to acquire agricultural land plots in case of their sale; conducting intermediary activity in the market for agricultural estate, etc. The existence of a state specialized institution will allow land users not only to utilize but also to dispose land resources. An interesting and promising way to manage the state-owned agricultural lands can be using public-private partnership.

Article is written in Ukrainan


THE PROBLEMS OF ECONOMY №2-2018

Kyzym M. O., Yaroshenko I. V.
Instruments of Forestry Policy in Ukraine (p. 66 - 70)

The aim of the article is to study the theoretical bases and develop practical recommendations for the improvement of forestry policy instruments in Ukraine. The theoretical aspects of forming the forestry policy in Ukraine aimed at ensuring the competitiveness of the forestry sector are considered. The formulation of the forestry policy should be carried out with regard to following principles: openness; consideration for the interests of all stakeholders; coherence of the forestry policy with the policies of other sectors of the economy; application of the scientific approach for the selection of priority areas for developing the forestry sector. The effectiveness of forestry policy in many respects depends on the correct selection and consistency of the use of the relevant instruments. Forestry policy can be considered effective, provided that the set goals and objectives are achieved, it is successfully implemented in practice through applying its effective instruments. To evaluate the effectiveness of forestry policy and its instruments, it is proposed to conduct three types of analysis: preliminary, current and retrospective. There carried out classification of forestry policy instruments by breaking them down into following groups: legal, administrative, market, fiscal, financial, sanction and informational ones.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Zaloznova Y. S., Trushkina N. V., Kocheshkova I. M.
Improvement of Regulatory Support for the Development of Industrial Waste Management in Ukraine (p. 459 - 466)

The aim of the article is to develop proposals for improving regulatory support for the development of industrial waste management with consideration for the best foreign experience. As a result of the research, the shortcomings of the current normative legal documents on the regulation of waste management are analyzed, summarized and identified. It is determined that, first of all, it is necessary to implement the environmental legislation of Ukraine in accordance with the provisions of the Acquis communautaire (the EU legal system, including legislative acts adopted within the European Community, the common foreign and security policy) in the field of waste management. The proposals on the improvement of the legal system of industrial waste management are developed. It is established that the key principle of the national legislation in the field of development of a system for industrial waste management should be its adaptation to the norms of European law. The implementation of a number of European Union waste management requirements (Directive 2008/98 / EC) and waste disposal (Directive 1999/31 / EC) contributes to reducing the negative impact of waste on the environment.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Kobylynska T. V.
Statistical Estimation of the Influence of Individual Factors on Emissions from Agricultural Enterprises of Zhytomyr region (p. 467 - 474)

The current state of environmental issues in our country, in particular those concerning statistical estimation of the environmental consequences of agricultural activities of enterprises, requires developing and implementing new approaches to statistical estimation of this sector. The aim of the article is to perform statistical estimation and statistical forecast of the influence of individual factors on the volumes of nitrogen oxide (NO) and PM10, PM2.5 by means of the methods of linear regression and chain substitution. Using the performed calculations, the information base of which is the data of a sampling, there carried out statistical forecast by means of the methods of linear regression, chain substitutions. The calculation of the forecast values with the application of linear progression, which is performed based on the algorithm for calculating forecast values with the application of linear regression, is justified. There suggested the statistical forecasting of nitrogen oxide (NO) and PM10, PM2.5 emissions with regard to the influence of various factors using the data obtained as a result of the sampling carried out for Zhytomyr region. The equations are calculated with the application of linear regression and imply constructing such straight lines for which the values lying on them will be as close as possible to the actual ones. The assessment of the quality of the trend equations is carried out using the coefficient of determination and the criteria for evaluating the significance.

Article is written in Ukrainan


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