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THE PROBLEMS OF ECONOMY №4-2017

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Section: World economy and international relations
UDC 005.412:330.111.66(045)
Yermak S. O.
Descriptive Characteristics of Inclusive Growth as an Innovative Vector of the Socio-Economic Development (p. 8 - 14)

The article examines the experience of recent years, which indicates an increase in the unevenness of incomes and social inequalities in the process of development of scientific and technological progress, modernization of the economy and economic growth. That is, there arises not only the problem of sustainability of economic growth, but its inclusiveness as well. The differences between the extractive and inclusive models of the economy are given, the very concept “inclusiveness” is considered as the involving of all strata of the population, without any distinctions and limitations, in the process. There studied the concept of inclusive growth creating maximum opportunities for all strata of the population to find employment and participate in all spheres of the country’s life and ensuring an equitable distribution of labor income. The basic components and characteristics inherent in inclusive growth as a basis of social and economic development are formed. The Inclusive Development Index (IDI) and the place of Ukraine in terms of IDI and GDP per capita among developing countries in 2017 are analyzed.
Keywords: inclusive growth, socio-economic development, inclusiveness, inclusive development index (IDI), descriptive characteristics.
Fig.: 2. Tabl.: 2. Bibl.: 21.

Yermak Svitlana O. – Candidate of Sciences (Economics), Associate Professor, Associate Professor, Department of Business and Trade, Donetsk National University of Economy and Trade named after M. Tugan-Baranovsky (16 Tramvaina Str., Kryvyi Rih, Dnipropetrovsk region, 50005, Ukraine)
Email: ermak@donnuet.edu.ua

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Reference to this article:
Yermak, Svitlana O. (2017) “Descriptive Characteristics of Inclusive Growth as an Innovative Vector of the Socio-Economic Development.” The Problems of Economy 4:8–14.

List of references in article

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Acemoglu, D., and Robinson, J. Why nations fail: the origins of power, prosperity, and poverty New York: Crown Publishing Group, 2012.
Hollander, S., and Bolling, R. “Practice, don't preach: getting serious about inclusive development“ http://www.thebrokeronline.eu
Jesus, F., Utsan, K., and Arnelyn, A. “How Rich Countries Became Rich and Why Poor Countries Remain Poor: It's the Economic Structure…Duh!“ Levy Economic Institute of Bard College, no. 644 (2010): 55-.
Avdokushin, Ye. F., and Ivanova, V. N. “Inklyuzivnoye razvitiye: osnovnyye napravleniya, bazovyye predposylki i vozmozhnyye ogranicheniya“ [Inclusive development: basic directions, basic assumptions and possible limitations]. Voprosy novoy ekonomiki, no. 3 (2014): 4-13.
Fedulova, L. I. “Inkliuzyvni innovatsii v systemi sotsialno-ekonomichnoho rozvytku“ [Inclusive innovations in the system of social and economic development]. Ekonomika: realii chasu, no. 3 (25) (2016): 56-65.
Bazyliuk, A. V., and Zhulyn, O. V. “Inkliuzyvne zrostannia yak osnova sotsialno-ekonomichnoho rozvytku“ [Inclusive growth as a basis for socio-economic development]. Ekonomika ta upravlinnia na transporti, no. 1 (2015): 19-29.
“Vsemirnyy ekonomicheskiy forum sostavil indeks spravedlivosti“ [The World Economic Forum compiled an equity index]. http://www.vedomosti.ru/economics/articles/2017/01/16/673218-rossiya
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“The Inclusive Growth and Development Report 2017“ http://tufcos.appspot.com/www.weforum.org/system-initiatives/economic-growth-and-ocial-inclusion
“Europe 2020 Strategy“ http://www.eur-lex.europa.eu
Pakhomova, N. V., Rikhter, K. K., and Malyshkov, G. B. “Inkliusivnyy ustoychivyy rost: prioritety, indikatory, mezhdunarodnyy opyt, potentsial soglasovaniya s modelyu reindustrializatsii“ [Inclusive sustainable growth: priorities, indicators, international experience, the potential for reconciliation with the model of reindustrialization]. Problemy sovremennoy ekonomiki, no. 3 (51) (2014): 15-24.


Section: World economy and international relations
UDC 339.727.22+504.03
Kotlyarevskyy Y. V., Trotskyi T. V., Dyachenko M. O.
Progress in the International Financing of Sustainable Development Projects and Resolution of Global Ecological Problems (p. 15 - 23)

The article considers the current state and prospects for the development of financial and investment mechanisms in the planning and implementation of environmental global international projects and programs. In particular, the main provisions for the formation of the concept of sustainable development in the context of investigating green investment as a form of international financing for sustainable development projects are outlined, and relevant international experience are presented as well. A theoretical and methodological, and retrospective analysis of forming the conceptual and categorical apparatus of the green economy and green investments is carried out. The applied financial and economic aspects of the formation of mechanisms for international financing to fulfill the obligations under the Kyoto Protocol are studied, specifics of the institutionalization of the organizational and financial mechanisms of the Global Environment Facility (GEF) are determined, as well as the prospects of their influence on the national economy are examined.
Keywords: sustainable development, green economy, green investing.
Fig.: 3. Tabl.: 1. Bibl.: 31.

Kotlyarevskyy Yaroslav V. – Doctor of Sciences (Economics), Professor, Deputy Director, Financial Management Research Institute of Academy of Finance of the Ministry of Finance of Ukraine (38 Druzhby Narodiv Blvd., Kyiv, 01014, Ukraine)
Trotskyi Taras V. – Postgraduate Student, Financial Management Research Institute of Academy of Finance of the Ministry of Finance of Ukraine (38 Druzhby Narodiv Blvd., Kyiv, 01014, Ukraine)
Dyachenko Maryna O. – Postgraduate Student, Financial Management Research Institute of Academy of Finance of the Ministry of Finance of Ukraine (38 Druzhby Narodiv Blvd., Kyiv, 01014, Ukraine)

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Reference to this article:
Kotlyarevskyy, Yaroslav V., Trotskyi, Taras V., and Dyachenko, Maryna O. (2017) “Progress in the International Financing of Sustainable Development Projects and Resolution of Global Ecological Problems.” The Problems of Economy 4:15–23.

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Section: World economy and international relations
UDC 339.9:339.924(5)
Maliuta I. A.
Modern Integration Processes in the Asia-Pacific Region: the Formation of Trans-Regional Mega-Agreements (p. 24 - 30)

In the 21st century, especially in the last decade, new intercontinental integration projects appear on the global stage with a high potential for influencing the regional economic structure and at the same time bearing certain challenges for the international geo-economic and geo-political map of the world. Comprehensive new-generation inter-regional agreements are being formed, such as the TTP, the TTIP, the RCEP, the Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement between Canada and the EU (CETA), the Japan-EU Economic Partnership. The Asia-Pacific region has been an active participant in the creation and promotion of mega-regional trade agreements. Mega-regional trade agreements in the Asia-Pacific region, namely the TTP and the RCEP, are analyzed as mega-projects with an unprecedented scale of liberalization within the framework of the agreement that include provisions complementing the WTO framework or extending beyond it. There identified reasons for the emergence of mega-regional trade agreements and prospects for the implementation of these projects, as well as possible consequences for the international economic system. It is established that new trans-regional projects, providing certain advantages to the participating countries, simultaneously carry both opportunities and challenges for the world economy. The latter are associated with the threats of crowding the countries that do not take an active part in the integration processes out of the global chains of value creation as well as of the processes of international trade.
Keywords: Asia-Pacific region, mega-regional trade agreements, international integration processes, trans-regional mega-agreements.
Fig.: 3. Tabl.: 1. Bibl.: 18.

Maliuta Iryna A. – Candidate of Sciences (Economics), Associate Professor, Associate Professor, Department of International Economy, University of Customs and Finance (2/4 Volodymyra Vernadskoho Str., Dnipro, 49004, Ukraine)
Email: mia053078@gmail.com

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Reference to this article:
Maliuta, Iryna A. (2017) “Modern Integration Processes in the Asia-Pacific Region: the Formation of Trans-Regional Mega-Agreements.” The Problems of Economy 4:24–30.

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Section: World economy and international relations
UDC 339.9:330.341.1
Mikaelian S. G.
The Disposition Parameters of the Technological and Innovation Gap in the Global Economy (p. 31 - 35)

The aim of the study is to specify the disposition parameters of the technological and innovation gap in the global economy and determine the directions for overcoming it. It is proved that the process of technological asymmetry is reflected in the technological and innovation gap in the global economy. The positions of the countries-innovation leaders are clarified with the attention being focused on the growth of China’s influence through its efforts in technological innovations. There described the transformation of the positions in two planes: production of and trade in high-tech products. A hypothesis about the change in the nature of innovations during the last decade is confirmed. It is proved that the affordability of the formation of advanced technologies in China has become a reason for its transformation into the powerhouse of the world economic development. There identified and characterized the directions for bridging the gap between economies, which include increasing investment on the global innovation scale; promoting the spread of technologies and their adaptation; ensuring an unimpeded flow of talents and knowledge; using intellectual property rights to promote innovation for the poor, improve the innovation efficiency; entering markets.
Keywords: high-tech products, high-tech industries, innovations.
Bibl.: 8.

Mikaelian Suren G. – Candidate of Sciences (Economics), Associate Professor, Candidate on Doctor Degree, Department of International Accounting and Auditing, Kyiv National Economic University named after V. Hetman (54/1 Peremohy Ave., Kyiv, 03057, Ukraine)
Email: kirikma@ukr.net

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Reference to this article:
Mikaelian, Suren G. (2017) “The Disposition Parameters of the Technological and Innovation Gap in the Global Economy.” The Problems of Economy 4:31–35.

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Section: World economy and international relations
UDC 339.564(477)
Pugachevska K. S.
Tools for Export Promotion in the Context of Globalization (p. 36 - 41)

A comparative analysis of the rate of growth in exports of goods and GDP is carried out, and goods exports to GDP ratio in the context of the developed countries, developing countries, and countries with the transition economy is calculated. This allows to make a conclusion about a decrease in importance of exports as a key engine of the world economic growth during the past years. The legal basis of the WTO’s activities in terms of state support for exports is described. The main reasons for the emergence of a conflict of interests between countries with different levels of economic development concerning the use of individual protectionist barriers are revealed. Potential long-term consequences of the growth of export orientation under conditions of openness of national economies are identified. The measures and tools of the country’s export promotion in foreign markets are studied. It is grounded that under conditions of destabilization of global trade regulators, effective export promotion is a mechanism for increasing the competitiveness of the national economy of Ukraine. Prospects for further research in this area are the determination of instruments to stimulate exports, which have the greatest impact on the export orientation of certain economic activities.
Keywords: export, export promotion, global trade regulator, export orientation, international competitiveness.
Tabl.: 3. Bibl.: 16.

Pugachevska Kateryna S. – Candidate of Sciences (Economics), Senior Lecturer, Department of International Economic Relations, Kyiv National University of Trade and Economics (19 Kіoto Str., Kyiv, 02156, Ukraine)
Email: kpugachevska@gmail.com

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Pugachevska, Kateryna S. (2017) “Tools for Export Promotion in the Context of Globalization.” The Problems of Economy 4:36–41.

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Section: World economy and international relations
UDC 303.442:330.342:339.5
Khanin I. H., Polyakov M. V.
The State Strategies for Building the Knowledge Economy: the Transformation Vector and Group Features (p. 42 - 49)

The aim of the article is to analyze the state strategies for building the knowledge economy, determine the directions of transformation and group features of the developed countries and the most economically powerful developing countries. Attention is drawn to the modern world context of historical circumstances affecting the state strategies for the transition to the knowledge economy, the changes in patterns of economic growth and the new stage of globalization associated with the development and dissemination of knowledge. In this regard, there singled out a number of global megatrends covering scientific and technical activities, international trade in high-technology goods and knowledge-intensive services, international migration of labor, etc. There also noted the change in the paradigm of rivalry and the “architecture” of the global economic leadership. The indicators of scientific and technical activities in several countries are analyzed, which proves the preservation of asymmetry. The results of the analysis of the strategies for building the knowledge economy in a number of developed countries (the US, EU countries, Germany, France, Denmark, Finland, Sweden, Japan, South Korea, Singapore, Israel) and developing countries (China, India, Malaysia, Brazil, South Africa, Mexico) are presented. Their participation in the world scientific progress and innovation process is characterized, as well as the main directions of transformations in terms of the transition to the knowledge economy (new industrialization, development of science and education, improvement of innovation systems, development of international scientific and technical cooperation, etc.). One of the factors of structural changes at all levels is macro innovations. Within the framework of the proposed concept, three types of such innovations are distinguished: scientific and paradigm, structural, and transformational. Their relationship with the foreign economic strategy of the state is established.
Keywords: knowledge economy, world economy, globalization, strategy of economic development, innovations.
Fig.: 1. Tabl.: 1. Bibl.: 10.

Khanin Igor H. – Doctor of Sciences (Economics), Professor, Professor, Department of Business Economics and International Business, National University of Water Management and Natural Resources Use (11 Soborna Str., Rivne, 33028, Ukraine)
Email: i.h.khanin@nuwm.edu.ua
Polyakov Maxim V. – Doctor of Sciences (Economics), Associate Professor, Professor, Department of Business Economics and International Business, National University of Water Management and Natural Resources Use (11 Soborna Str., Rivne, 33028, Ukraine)
Email: m.v.poliakov@nuwm.edu.ua

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Reference to this article:
Khanin, Igor H., and Polyakov, Maxim V. (2017) “The State Strategies for Building the Knowledge Economy: the Transformation Vector and Group Features.” The Problems of Economy 4:42–49.

List of references in article

Sidenko, V. “Modyfikatsiia svitovoi ekonomiky pid vplyvom novitnikh faktoriv hlobalnoi transformatsiinoi kryzy“ [Modification of the world economy under the influence of the latest factors in the global transformational crisis]. Ekonomika Ukrainy, no. 5 (2012): 18-31.
Belorus, O. V. “Mirovoy strukturnyy krizis i transformatsii globalnoy finansovoy sistemy“ [The global structural crisis and the transformation of the global financial system]. Ekonomichnyi chasopys-XXI, no. 7-8 (1) (2014): 4-7.
Belorus, O. V. “Vosproizvodstvennaya evolyutsiya i strukturnaya transformatsiya globalnogo kapytala“ [Reproductive evolution and structural transformation of global capital]. Ekonomichnyi chasopys-XXI, no. 155 (11-12) (2015): 4-9.
von Weizsacker, E., and Wijkman, A. Come on! Capitalism, Short-termism, Population and the Destruction of the Planet: A Report to the Club of New York: Springer, 2018.
Novyi svitovyi ekonomichnyi poriadok ta hlobalni vyklyky dlia Ukrainy [The New World Economic Order and Global Challenges for Ukraine]. Ternopil: TNEU, 2014.
Caliari, Th., and Chiarini, T. “Knowledge Production and Economic Development: Empirical Evidences“ Journal of the Knowledge Economy (2016): 1-22.
Filipenko, A. S. “Produktyvna spromozhnist natsii: teorii i metodolohiia“ [Productive capacity of nations: theories and methodology]. Produktyvna spromozhnist natsii: materialy: pryklad Ukrainy. Kyiv: IMV KNU im. Tarasa Shevchenka, 2017. 13-14.
Halchynskyi, A. S. Politychna nooekonomika: nachala onovlenoi paradyhmy ekonomichnykh znan [Political economics: the beginning of a renewed paradigm of economic knowledge]. Kyiv: Lybid, 2013.
Kaleniuk, I. S., and Tsymbal, L. I. “Formy proiavu intelektualnoho liderstva“ [Forms of manifestation of intellectual leadership]. Ekonomika Ukrainy, no. 3 (2016): 29-40.
Bilozubenko, V. S. Innovatsiina systema Yevropeiskoho Soiuzu: osoblyvosti formuvannia ta rozvytku [Innovation system of the European Union: peculiarities of formation and development]. Donetsk: DonNUET, 2012.


Section: World economy and international relations
UDC 378.1:37.014.3:005.336.4(100)
Chmutova I. M., Andriichenko Z. O.
International Experience in Reforming the System of Higher Education Governance in terms of Increasing the University Autonomy (p. 50 - 56)

The aim of the article is to summarize the international experience of reforming the system of higher education governance and develop directions that will contribute to increasing the effectiveness of the Ukrainian model for governance of higher education and ensuring its autonomy. There identified common elements and trends in European higher education reforms: greater autonomy for higher education institutions with less direct administrative intervention; greater emphasis on private rather than public funding; emphasis on the quality and effectiveness of education. The tools for implementing reforms in the European higher education system are identified: the New Public Management (NPM) model, governance through networks, and new forms of governance. The changes in the university autonomy of European countries for the period of 2010-2016 are summarized. The content of the reforms in terms of increasing the autonomy of HEIs in the countries of Asia is disclosed. Possible vectors for reforming the system of higher education governance in Ukraine are identified: introduction of a model for funding HEIs on the basis of combining a one-time full budgeting and financing by results; assigning universities ownership of their buildings and their sale in the market; strengthening the decentralization of government control of higher education; development of legislative bases for the self-sufficiency of HEIs; inclusion of external stakeholders in decision-making governing bodies of HEIs; maximum involvement of students in decision-making.
Keywords: higher education, reforms, external governance, higher education institution (HEI), autonomy.
Tabl.: 3. Bibl.: 19.

Chmutova Iryna M. – Doctor of Sciences (Economics), Professor, Professor, Department of Management and Business, Simon Kuznets Kharkiv National University of Economics (9a Nauky Ave., Kharkіv, 61166, Ukraine)
Email: chmutova_i@ukr.net
Andriichenko Zhanna O. – Candidate of Sciences (Economics), Associate Professor, Associate Professor, Department of Banking and Financial Services, Simon Kuznets Kharkiv National University of Economics (9a Nauky Ave., Kharkіv, 61166, Ukraine)
Email: zhasjmin@ukr.net

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Chmutova, Iryna M., and Andriichenko, Zhanna O. (2017) “International Experience in Reforming the System of Higher Education Governance in terms of Increasing the University Autonomy.” The Problems of Economy 4:50–56.

List of references in article

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Ponomarenko, V., Rayevnyeva, O., and Stryzhychenko, K. “Investigation of Demand and Stability of Ukrainian Educational Market“ Asian Journal of Applied Sciences vol. 3, no. 1 (2015): 50-58.
Raievnieva, O. V., Honcharenko, M. F., and Aksyonova, I. V. “Teoretyko-metodolohichni osnovy formuvannia efektyvnoi systemy vyshchoi osvity“ [Theoretical and methodological foundations of the formation of an effective system of higher education]. Problemy ekonomiky, no. 3 (2013): 28-33.
Kalashnikova, S. A., and Zhdanova, K. O. “Vriaduvannia u vyshchii osviti: sutnist, vymiry, tendentsii“ [Governance in Higher Education: Essence, Measurements, Trends]. Vyshcha osvita Ukrainy, no. 3 (annex 2) (2013): 69-74.
Mariuts, I. “Reformuvannia vyshchoi osvity v Rumunii: natsionalni zdobutky i perspektyvy dlia Ukrainy“ [Reforming Higher Education in Romania: National Achievements and Prospects for Ukraine]. http://www.edu-trends.info/romania-hereforms/
Shelomovska, O. “Reformuvannia derzhavnoho upravlinnia vyshchoiu osvitoiu v Ukraini na osnovi yevropeiskoho dosvidu“ [Reforming the state administration of higher education in Ukraine on the basis of European experience]. Publichne administruvannia: teoriia ta praktyka. 2014. http://nbuv.gov.ua/UJRN/Patp_2014_1_15
Curry, D. “Trends for the Future of Public Sector Reform: a Critical Review of Future-Looking Research in Public Administration“ http://www.cocops.eu/wp-content/uploads/2014/04/TrendsForTheFutureOfPublicSectorReform.pdf
Robinson, M. “From Old Public Administration to the New Public Service Implications for Public Sector Reform in Developing Countries“ http://www.undp.org/content/undp/en/home/librarypage/capacity-building/global-centre-for-public-service-excellence/PS-Reform.html
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“Universities Act. Universities Act (2009). Helsinki: Parliament of Finland“ http://www.finlex.fi/en/laki/kaannokset/2009/en20090558.pdf
University Autonomy in Europe III. Country profiles European University Association, 2017.


Section: Economics and national economy management
UDC 338.43:504
Andreichenko A. V.
Development of Agribusiness in the Context of the Resource Saving Problem in the Agricultural Sector of Ukraine (p. 57 - 61)

The aim of the article is to study the development of agribusiness in the context of the resource saving problem in the agricultural sector of Ukraine. It is established that the agricultural intensification is inextricably linked with the problem of resource saving, which is in increasing the efficiency of using resources and their inclusive conservation. A number of positive economic consequences of the conservation of material resources in the sphere of agriculture on the scale of the national economy are considered. There disclosed the essence of the economic mechanism for resource saving in the agricultural sector, which involves justifying a complex of economic, organizational, technical, technological, as well as other measures aimed at stimulating resource saving. It is proved that one of the directions of strengthening the competitiveness of the domestic agricultural sector and an effective resource saving tool is the introduction of zero waste agriculture. It is concluded that the implementation of resource saving policies, in particular in the agricultural sector, is impossible without an effective system for managing resource saving processes at all levels, adoption of appropriate legislative measures, new integrated approaches to ensuring the conservation of material resources, a single resource saving policy based on modern technologies for its implementation, first of all — non-waste ones.
Keywords: agricultural sector, agribusiness, non-waste technologies, resource saving.
Bibl.: 10.

Andreichenko Andrii V. – Candidate of Sciences (Economics), Associate Professor, Associate Professor, Department of Economics and Management, Odesa I. I. Mechnikov National University (2 Dvorianska Str., Odesa, 65082, Ukraine)
Email: avandreichenko@gmail.com

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Andreichenko, Andrii V. (2017) “Development of Agribusiness in the Context of the Resource Saving Problem in the Agricultural Sector of Ukraine.” The Problems of Economy 4:57–61.

List of references in article

Zelenskyi, A. V. “Finansove rehuliuvannia ahrarnoho sektoru ekonomiky Ukrainy“ [Financial regulation of the agrarian sector of Ukraine's economy]: dys. … kand. ekon. nauk: 08.00.08, 2016.
Rusan, V. M. “Problemy rozvytku ahrarnoho vyrobnytstva v Ukraini i perspektyvni napriamy vykorystannia ahrarnoho potentsialu derzhavy dlia pidvyshchennia rivnia prodovolchoi bezpeky. Analitychna dopovid“ [Problems of development of agrarian production in Ukraine and perspective directions of using the agrarian potential of the state to increase the level of food security. Analytical report]. http://www.niss.gov.ua/content/articles/files/agrarne_vurobnustvo-07e8a.pdf
Mohylova, M. M., Bilousko, Ya. K., and Pidlisetskyi, H. M. “Materialno-tekhnichne zabezpechennia ahrarnoi haluzi“ [Material and technical support of the agrarian sector]. Ekonomika APK, no. 2 (2013): 61-67.
Bilousko, Ya. K., Luzan, Yu. Ya., and Tovstopiat, V. L. “Tekhniko-tekhnolohichne zabezpechennia silskoho hospodarstva“ [Technological and technological support of agriculture]. Ekonomika APK, no. 12 (2009): 29-33.
Fedorenko, V. F. Resursosberezheniye v APK [Resource-saving in the agroindustrial complex]. Moscow: FGBNU «Rosinformagrotekh», 2012.
Shumayev, V. A. Teoriya i praktika resursosberezheniya [Theory and practice of resource conservation]. Moscow: RUSAYNS, 2016.
Sotnyk, I. M. Ekoloho-ekonomichni mekhanizmy motyvatsii resursozberezhennia [Ecological and economic mechanisms of resource conservation motivation]. Sumy: VVP “Mriia-1” TOV, 2008.
Dziadykevych, Yu. V. Ekonomichni osnovy resursozberezhennia [Economic fundamentals of resource conservation]. Ternopil: Vektor, 2015.
Mishchenko, V. S., and Vyhovska, H. P. Orhanizatsiino-ekonomichnyi mekhanizm povodzhennia z vidkhodamy v Ukraini ta shliakhy yoho vdoskonalennia [Organizational and economic mechanism of waste management in Ukraine and ways to improve it]. Kyiv: Naukova dumka, 2009.
Sklyankin, Yu. V., and Stychinskiy, S. L. Bezotkhodnaya pererabotka selskokhozyaystvennogo syrya: ekologo-ekonomicheskiy aspekt [Wasteless processing of agricultural raw materials: the ecological and economic aspect]. Kyiv: Urozhay, 1988.


Section: Economics and national economy management
UDC 338.242
Antonyuk V. P., Shchetinina L. V.
Transformation of Employment by Types of Economic Activity as an Indicator of Structural Changes in the Economy of Ukraine (p. 62 - 70)

The aim of the article is to analyze the process of structural transformations of employment in Ukraine by spheres of economic activity in order to identify priority directions for the development of the labor market in the context of the world economic trends. In the article the analysis of the transformation of employment in Ukraine is carried out according to the methodology of M. Castells used in the book “The Information Age: Economy, Society and Culture”. Based on the data of the State Statistics Committee and Eurostat, a comparative analysis of the transformation of employment by major groups of foreign economic activity is made, special attention being paid to the industrial and service sector. The obtained results testify to the narrowing of the domestic labor market and deformation of its structure, noncompliance of structural transformations of employment in Ukraine with modern world trends. This is manifested in a decrease in the percentage of employed in the industrial sector of the economy (due to its stagnation and decline), its growth in agriculture, and a much lower share of employment (in comparison with the EU countries) in the service sector. A decrease in the share of the employed in services to manufactures is revealed, which is a “trap” for the development of the Ukrainian industry. The share of people employed in the domestic service sector remains low, which indicates a low standard of living for the majority of the country’s population. The share of the employed in social services though is growing but significantly slower than in European countries. There substantiated the necessity of developing a strategy for a new social and economic policy aimed at the revival and innovation development of the industrial sector, modernization of the industrial and social infrastructure, and on this basis — ensuring a progressive structure of productive employment.
Keywords: labor market, employment of population, employment structure, employment transformation, deindustrialization, service sector.
Fig.: 2. Tabl.: 6. Bibl.: 11.

Antonyuk Valentina P. – Doctor of Sciences (Economics), Professor, Chief research scientist, Institute of Industrial Economics of NAS of Ukraine (2 Mariia Kapnist Str., Kyiv, 03057, Ukraine)
Email: antonukvp@gmail.com
Shchetinina Ludmila V. – Candidate of Sciences (Economics), Associate Professor, Associate Professor, Department of Personnel Management and Labour Economics, Kyiv National Economic University named after V. Hetman (54/1 Peremohy Ave., Kyiv, 03057, Ukraine)
Email: sludval@ukr.net

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Antonyuk, Valentina P., and Shchetinina, Ludmila V. (2017) “Transformation of Employment by Types of Economic Activity as an Indicator of Structural Changes in the Economy of Ukraine.” The Problems of Economy 4:62–70.

List of references in article

Tsymbal, O. I., and Yarosh, O. M. “Transformatsiia ekonomichnoi systemy ta rynku pratsi v Ukraini: problemy harmonizatsii mekhanizmiv rozvytku ta rehuliuvannia“ [Transformation of the economic system and labor market in Ukraine: problems of harmonization of development and regulation mechanisms]. Sotsialno-trudovi vidnosyny: teoriia ta praktyka, no. 2 (2013): 105-109.
Davydiuk, L. P. “Hlobalni zminy v strukturi zainiatosti yak chynnyk transformatsii mizhnarodnoho rynku pratsi“ [Global changes in the structure of employment as a factor in the transformation of the international labor market]. Ekonomika: realii chasu, no. 3 (19) (2015): 172-176.
Kastels, M. “Informatsionnaya epokha: ekonomika, obshchestvo i kultura“ [Information era: economy, society and culture]. http://polbu.ru/kastels_informepoch/
“Zainiate naselennia za vydamy ekonomichnoi diialnosti u 2000-2012 rr. (KVED-2005). Statystychna informatsiia“ [Employed population by types of economic activity in 2000-2012 (CED-2005). Statistical information]. Derzhavna sluzhba statystyky Ukrainy: ofits. sait. http://www.ukrstat.gov.ua/
“Zainiate naselennia za vydamy ekonomichnoi diialnosti u 2012-2016 rr. (KVED-2010). Statystychna informatsiia“ [Employed population by types of economic activity in 2012-2016 (CED-2010). Statistical information]. Derzhavna sluzhba statystyky Ukrainy: ofits. sait. http://www.ukrstat.gov.ua/
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Pratsia Ukrainy u 2016 r. Statystychnyi zbirnyk [Labor of Ukraine in 2016 Statistical Collection]. Kyiv: Konsultant, 2016.
Pratsia Ukrainy u 2014 r. Statystychnyi zbirnyk [The Work of Ukraine in 2014 Statistical Collection]. Kyiv: Konsultant, 2016.
“Naiavnist i stan osnovnykh zasobiv za vydamy ekonomichnoi diialnosti (KVED-2010) za 2015 rik. Statystychna informatsiia“ [Availability and condition of fixed assets by types of economic activity (CED-2010) for 2015. Statistical information]. Derzhavna sluzhba statystyky Ukrainy: ofits. sait. http://www.ukrstat.gov.ua/
Vlasiuk, V. “Chym zahrozhuie Ukraini deindustrializatsiia?“ [What does deindustrialization threaten Ukraine?]. Dzerkalo tyzhnia. Ukraina, no. 19, May 27, 2016.


Section: Economics and national economy management
UDC 338.2:620.9
Horban V. B.
Municipal Energy Planning under Conditions of Globalization: Imperatives and Objectives (p. 71 - 78)

The article reveals the importance of energy planning for local authorities in the path of achieving the goals of sustainable development. The quintessence of energy planning in territorial communities of Ukraine and Europe has been outlined from the perspective of analyzing the infrastructure sectors of the municipal economy. The article is based on observing certain international methodologies related to local energy and climate planning. The evolution of Covenant of Mayors initiative is briefly described with a focus on its intensive expanding in terms of energy and climate issues. The experience in the development of municipal sustainable energy and climate action plans in European countries and Ukraine is studied. A survey of empirical data on the consumption of fuel and energy resources and greenhouse gas emissions in territorial communities of Ukraine and European countries is conducted. The European methodological guidelines on the subject under study are highlighted based on the key policy documents. A few practical examples of Ukrainian and European cities are presented in order to illustrate possible actions corresponding to the defined problem. A systematic framework is proposed to describe the various and complex aspects of energy planning in cities with regard to rational implementation of energy efficient measures. The innovative mechanisms, main barriers and opportunities for the effective implementation of energy efficient projects in territorial communities of Ukraine and European countries are revealed. It is substantiated that under the current conditions of globalization, using project-oriented paradigm, municipal energy planning instruments become key motivational factors for development sustainable energy policy.
Keywords: energy planning, sustainable energy and climate action plan, globalization, local authorities, energy consumption, energy efficiency, greenhouse gas emissions, sustainable development.
Fig.: 8. Tabl.: 3. Bibl.: 10.

Horban Vasylyna B.

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Horban, Vasylyna B. (2017) “Municipal Energy Planning under Conditions of Globalization: Imperatives and Objectives.” The Problems of Economy 4:71–78.

List of references in article

Horban, V. B. “Transformatsiia imperatyvnykh pidkhodiv do protsesu planuvannia v enerhetychnii sferi Ukrainy“ [Transformation of imperative approaches to the planning process in the energy sector of Ukraine]. Investytsii: praktyka ta dosvid, no. 24 (2015): 53-59.
Problemy staloho rozvytku suspilstva: pohliad ochyma riznykh pokolin [Problems of sustainable development of society: a view from the eyes of different generations]. Cherkasy: Chabanenko Yu. A., 2016.
Mirakyan, A., and Guio, R. “Modelling and uncertainties in integrated energy planning“ Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews vol. 46 (2015): 62-69.
Girones, V. et al. “Strategic energy planning for large-scale energy systems: A modelling framework to aid decision-making“ Energy vol. 90 (2015): 173-186.
Cajot, S. et al. “Obstacles in energy planning at the urban scale“ Sustainable Cities and Society vol. 30 (2017): 223-236.
Marinakis, V. et al. “Multicriteria decision support in local energy planning: An evaluation of alternative scenarios for the Sustainable Energy Action Plan“ Omega vol. 69 (2017): 1-16.
Ouhajjou, N. “Stakeholder-oriented energy planning support in cities“ Sustainable Cities and Society vol. 28 (2017): 482-492.
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Horban, V. “A multifaceted approach to smart energy city concept through using big data analytics“ Data Stream Mining & Processing: IEEE First International Conference (23-27 August 2016). http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/abstract/document/7583585/


Section: Economics and national economy management
UDC 378:303.094.3
Yermachenko V. Y., Prokopovych S. V.
The Problem of Determining Weighting Factors for Building the Ranking of Ukraine’s Higher Educational Institutions in Terms of Scientific Activity (p. 79 - 87)

The article is dedicated to the problem of rating Ukraine’s higher educational institutions in terms of scientific activity and the study of the influence of weighting factors on the position of a university in the ranking. The initial information space used in this work makes it possible to determine the potential of scientific activity in terms of staffing and resources provision as well as its effectiveness in terms of quality of the training of scientific staff (students, graduate students, young scientists, etc.), financial results of scientific and publication activities. As the objects of the research 98 universities of Ukraine are selected. On the basis of the maximum entropy method, the weighting factors that determine the significance of each initial indicator of the information space are calculated. Using the taxonomic method, integral estimates in terms of potential, effectiveness and scientific activity for each institution in whole are calculated with and without the use of the weighting factors. The analysis of the received scores of the universities is carried out, changes in the positions under influence of the weighting factors are investigated. It is concluded that the use of the weighting factors in calculating the integral estimate of the scientific activity of Ukrainian universities did not lead to shifts among the first (the strongest) and the last (the weakest) universities. But changes in the positions in the ranking, sometimes quite significant, took place in most of the universities occupying the middle positions. Thus, due to the weighting factors, the influence of outlying cases on individual indicators is leveled, which allows obtaining more stable, fair and informative results of rating the scientific activity of universities.
Keywords: higher educational institution, scientific activity, integral indicator, weighting factor, information entropy, potential, effectiveness.
Fig.: 4. Tabl.: 4. Formulae: 3. Bibl.: 18.

Yermachenko Volodymyr Ye. – Candidate of Sciences (Economics), Professor, Professor, Department of Tourism, Simon Kuznets Kharkiv National University of Economics (9a Nauky Ave., Kharkіv, 61166, Ukraine)
Email: yvy@hneu.edu.ua
Prokopovych Svitlana V. – Candidate of Sciences (Economics), Associate Professor, Associate Professor, Department of Economic Informatics and Cybernetics, Simon Kuznets Kharkiv National University of Economics (9a Nauky Ave., Kharkіv, 61166, Ukraine)
Email: prokopovichsv@gmail.com

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Yermachenko, Volodymyr Ye., and Prokopovych, Svitlana V. (2017) “The Problem of Determining Weighting Factors for Building the Ranking of Ukraine’s Higher Educational Institutions in Terms of Scientific Activity.” The Problems of Economy 4:79–87.

List of references in article

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Korobov, V. B. “Sravnitelnyy analiz metodov opredeleniya vesovykh koeffitsientov «vliyayushchikh faktorov»“ [Comparative analysis of methods for determining the weight coefficients of "influencing factors"]. Sotsiologiya, no. 20 (2005): 54-73.
Kochetkova, O. P., Vavilina, N. I., and Charkina, O. O. “Naukovo-osvitianska diialnist VNZ za mizhnarodnymy pokaznykamy“ [Scientific and educational activity of higher educational institutions according to international indicators]. NTI, no. 2 (2016): 34-43.
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Section: Economics and national economy management
UDC 336.2:338.24
Karpinskyi B. A.
Financial and Economic Support for the Activity and Publication Openness of Workers in the Scientific Sphere: Management Doctrine (p. 88 - 95)

The aim of the article is both in the system identification of the financial and economic features of supporting the scientific sphere and in the development of a management doctrine to increase the efficiency of activity of scientific workers in the global scientific space by combining publication openness, motivational levers, business and consumer interests based on foreign experience and strategiology of development in the realities of Ukraine. It is determined that the publication openness of a particular scientist depends on the scientific openness of publications in national print media, which are not always transparent for the global scientific space. The advantages and disadvantages of using scientometric databases as to editions that ensure the openness of scientific research results in terms of financial possibilities are considered. There singled out the managerial preference of the Information and analytical system “Bibliometrics of the Ukrainian Science”, which allows creating a bibliometric profile of a particular scientist through the environment of Google Scholar and improve the “visibility” ensuring both the improvement of his/her competitiveness and increase in the financial and economic support. There considered administrative advantages of associative complexes, similar to the Ivy League universities in America, and for the first time from the perspective of the strategiology of development there synthesized an approach regarding the creation of the given organizational structure, where the most famous classical universities would be concentrated, in Ukraine. The advantage and perspectivity of the proposed measures is the system formation of the management doctrine of financial and economic support for the scientific sphere, the optimization of using the scientific potential of the territory and ensuring its correspondence to the needs of consumers and business, the activization of publication openness and efficiency through managerial and motivational tools and effective use of taxpayers’ money.
Keywords: financial and economic support, scientific sphere, competitiveness, activity of scientific workers, publication openness, evaluation, strategiology of development, taxpayers.
Fig.: 3. Tabl.: 1. Bibl.: 28.

Karpinskyi Borys A. – Doctor of Sciences (Economics), Professor, Professor, Department of Public Administration and Business Management, Ivan Franko National University of Lviv (1 Unіversytetska Str., Lvіv, 79000, Ukraine)
Email: karpinsky_01@ukr.net

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Karpinskyi, Borys A. (2017) “Financial and Economic Support for the Activity and Publication Openness of Workers in the Scientific Sphere: Management Doctrine.” The Problems of Economy 4:88–95.

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Section: Economics and national economy management
UDC 338
Kramarev H. V.
Assessment of the Industry Development and its Branches of Activity in the Country (p. 96 - 107)

The article is dedicated to the problems of assessing and analyzing various aspects of competitiveness of industry and its development. It is proved that the toolkit for assessing development of industry and its individual activities requires further improvement in terms of ensuring the possibility of determining through its application the ways to overcome negative consequences of structural deformations in the industrial complex of an economy, taking into account the current trends in innovation and technological development of the world’s leading countries. An analysis of the existing approaches to assessing development of industry (its competitiveness) in general and individual branches (activities) in particular, proposed by international institutions, scientists and practitioners, is carried out. It is shown that in assessment of development of industry and its individual branches, there used aggregated private indicators, which do not allow taking into account the specifics of branches, their significance in industry, technological level, or determine structural changes and their impact on the country’s socio-economic development. In order to eliminate these shortcomings, and based on the existing experience of specialists in this field, an improved model for assessment and a methodological approach to assessing the development of industry and its individual activities in the country are proposed.
Keywords: industry, activities, competitiveness, development, assessment, methodological approach, producibility.
Fig.: 10. Tabl.: 4. Formulae: 14. Bibl.: 15.

Kramarev Hennadii V. – Candidate of Sciences (Economics), Applicant, Research Centre of Industrial Problems of Development of NAS of Ukraine (2 floor 1-a Inzhenernyi Ln., Kharkіv, 61166, Ukraine)
Email: kramarev@ukrngi.com

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Kramarev, Hennadii V. (2017) “Assessment of the Industry Development and its Branches of Activity in the Country.” The Problems of Economy 4:96–107.

List of references in article

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Khaustova, V. Ye., Kriachko, Ye. M., and Kolodiazhna, T. V. “Otsinka konkurentospromozhnosti ekonomik krain svitu: teoriia ta praktyka“ [The assessment of the competitiveness of economies in the world: theory and practice]. Biznes Inform, no. 8 (2017): 49-56.
Khaustova, V. Ye. Promyslova polityka v Ukraini: formuvannia ta prohnozuvannia [Industrial policy in Ukraine: formation and forecasting]. Kharkiv: INZhEK, 2015.
Dorovskyi, O. V. Stratehiia rozvytku farmatsevtychnoi haluzi Ukrainy [Strategy of development of the pharmaceutical industry of Ukraine]. Kharkiv: INZhEK, 2014.
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Gelvanovskiy, M., Zhukovskiy, V., and Trofimova, I. “Konkurentosposobnost v mikro-, mezo- i makrourovnevom izmereniyakh“ [Competitiveness in micro-, meso- and macrolevel measurements]. Rossiyskiy ekonomicheskiy zhurnal, no. 3 (1998): 67-77.
Shevchenko, M. M. “Metody otsinky konkurentospromozhnosti v umovakh internatsionalizatsii“ [Methods of evaluation of competitiveness in conditions of internationalization]: avtoref. dys. ... kand. ekon. nauk: 08.07.01, 2006.
Pestun, T. V. “Teoretychni ta naukovo-prykladni zasady marketynhovoho upravlinnia v systemi likarskoho zabezpechennia naselennia“ [Theoretical and applied principles of marketing management in the system of medical provision of the population]: avtoref. dys. ... d-ra ekon. nauk: 15.00.01, 2010.
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Kyzym, M. O., Khaustova, V. Ye., and Kramarev, H. V. “Orhanizatsiinyi mekhanizm derzhavnoho rehuliuvannia restrukturyzatsii promyslovosti“ [Organizational mechanism of state regulation of industrial restructuring]. Konkurentospromozhnist ta innovatsii: problemy nauky ta praktyky. Kharkiv: FOP Liburkina L. M., 2017. 20-27.


Section: Economics and national economy management
UDC 331.25.001.73(447)
Krutova A. S., Kashchena N. B., Bigdan I. A.
Reforming the Pension System of Ukraine in the Context of Modern Global Trends (p. 108 - 116)

Proper social protection for present and future generations of pensioners is possible only if the level of solvency and financial stability of the state pension system in the long term are ensured. The aim of the article is to substantiate the directions for further improving the pension system of Ukraine in the context of modern global trends. The study found that the need for qualitative changes in the current pay-as-you-go pension system is determined by the inability of the PFU to make pension payments at the expense of its own funds, attracting the state as a donor and redistributing a significant amount of public financial resources to finance pension expenditures. Based on the critical analysis of the government’s legislative initiatives for the modernization of the pay-as-you-go pension system and the introduction of a funded system of nationwide pension insurance and the expansion of the non-state pension system, taking into account the experience of most countries in the world, recommendations are developed for a further reforming of the pension system and corresponding transformation of Ukraine’s pension legislation. Prospects for further scientific research in this area are analysis of the world practice in managing non-state pension funds and regulation of their investment activities.
Keywords: old age provision, pension reform, world trends, modernization of the pay-as-you-go pension system, personal responsibility, mandatory pension insurance, non-state pension provision.
Fig.: 2. Tabl.: 1. Bibl.: 31.

Krutova Angelika S. – Doctor of Sciences (Economics), Professor, Head of the Department, Department of Finance, Kharkiv State University of Food Technology and Trade (333 Klochkіvska Str., Kharkіv, 61051, Ukraine)
Email: ankrutova@ukr.net
Kashchena Nataliya B. – Candidate of Sciences (Economics), Associate Professor, Professor, Department of Finance, Analysis and Insurance, Kharkiv State University of Food Technology and Trade (333 Klochkіvska Str., Kharkіv, 61051, Ukraine)
Email: natakaschena@gmail.com
Bigdan Inna A. – Candidate of Sciences (Economics), Associate Professor, Associate Professor, Department of Finance, Analysis and Insurance, Kharkiv State University of Food Technology and Trade (333 Klochkіvska Str., Kharkіv, 61051, Ukraine)
Email: inbig@ukr.net

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Reference to this article:
Krutova, Angelika S., Kashchena, Nataliya B., and Bigdan, Inna A. (2017) “Reforming the Pension System of Ukraine in the Context of Modern Global Trends.” The Problems of Economy 4:108–116.

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Section: Economics and national economy management
UDC 330.46:338.2
Kulyk V. V.
Problems and Prospects of the Dialog Planning of the Reproductive Processes in the National Economy (p. 117 - 124)

Some aspects of the formation, development and current application of the technique of dialog planning in economic studies of the reproduction processes in the national economy are analyzed. The stages of the formation of dialog planning as decision-making in human machine systems in organizational systems of a hierarchical and non-hierarchical type are determined. Investigation of the reproduction processes of complex economic systems and the dialog planning of their development is expedient to implement in the framework of a simplified economic model of a closed / open economy, which simultaneously describes the state of the research object and the processes of its reproduction. The methodological and informational basis for analyzing the reproduction processes within this model is the system of national accounting. Multicriterion analysis of the reproduction processes in the national economy as a complex socio-economic system at the beginning of research should be replaced by analysis of GDP in the context of GDP production processes and distribution of GDP, which allows to identify the peculiar features of the economy, its advantages and disadvantages, problem aspects, etc. It is expedient to study the reproduction processes in the national economy with maximal simplification of the system of balance to carry out an objective analysis of reproductive processes and their effective impact on the dynamics of GDP. To do this, a simplified system of balance of a closed economy should be applied to studying an open economy, while writing off all the discrepancies as results of external relations. In the framework of the simplified economic model, a macroeconomic analysis of the proportion of the economic reproduction in Ukraine is conducted, and its influence on the GDP dynamics is investigated.
Keywords: national economy, reproduction processes, dialog planning, national accounts, system analysis, simplified economic model, macroeconomic proportions, dynamics of economic development, open / closed economy, results of foreign economic activity.
Tabl.: 3. Bibl.: 28.

Kulyk Volodymyr V. – Candidate of Sciences (Economics), Senior Research Fellow, Academy of Financial Management (38 Druzhby Narodiv Blvd., Kyiv, 01014, Ukraine)
Email: volodymyr_kulyk@ukr.net

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Reference to this article:
Kulyk, Volodymyr V. (2017) “Problems and Prospects of the Dialog Planning of the Reproductive Processes in the National Economy.” The Problems of Economy 4:117–124.

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Section: Economics and national economy management
UDC 338.246
Miliutin H. V.
The Condition of and Structural Changes in the Energy Sector of Ukraine (p. 125 - 137)

The article is dedicated to the analysis of the condition of Ukraine’s energy sector and its structural changes in the period 2000-2016. The dynamics of electric power production in Ukraine and the world, as well as the capacity utilization factor are studied. There analyzed the structure of capacities and electric power production in Ukraine by types of generation: those of thermal power plants, nuclear power plants, combined heat and power plants, hydroelectric power plants, and renewable energy sources. The lifetime of the existing capacities is studied. Structural changes in the capacities and electric power production in Ukraine are investigated. It is proven that a tendency to reduce the electric power production in Ukraine, with a simultaneous increase in the world production, was observed; and that most of production capacities in the nuclear, thermal and hydropower sector have expired their design lifetime and require replacement or modernization. It is determined that the structural changes in capacities and electric power production in Ukraine in the period 2000-2016 were very low with the largest structural change in capacities and electric power production in the period under review taking place in the production of electricity from renewable energy sources, and a significant negative structural change – in the production of electricity in thermal power plants.
Keywords: energy sector, condition, structural changes, thermal power plant, nuclear power plant, combined heat and power plant, hydroelectric power plant, renewable energy sources.
Fig.: 15. Tabl.: 5. Formulae: 2. Bibl.: 16.

Miliutin Hlib V. – Applicant, Research Centre of Industrial Problems of Development of NAS of Ukraine (2 floor 1-a Inzhenernyi Ln., Kharkіv, 61166, Ukraine)
Email: ndc_ipr@ukr.net

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Reference to this article:
Miliutin, Hlib V. (2017) “The Condition of and Structural Changes in the Energy Sector of Ukraine.” The Problems of Economy 4:125–137.

List of references in article

Lir, V. E. Enerhetychna polityka staloho rozvytku [Energy Policy for Sustainable Development]. Kyiv: NAN Ukrainy; IEPr NAN Ukrainy, 2012.
Enerhetychna haluz Ukrainy: pidsumky 2015 roku [Energy industry of Ukraine: the results of 2015]. Kyiv: Zapovit, 2016.
“Budushcheye mirovoy energetiki. Podgotovka k novym vozmozhnostyam i ugrozam“ [The future of world energy. Preparation for new opportunities and threats]. Deloitte. https://www2.deloitte.com/content/dam/Deloitte/ru/Documents/energy-resources/ru_The_future_of_global_power_sector_RUS.pdf
“Budushcheye energetiki: novyye tendentsii razvitiya. Perspektivy transformatsii neftegazovogo sektora“ [The future of energy: new development trends. Prospects for transforming the oil and gas sector]. PWC. https://www.pwc.ru/ru/oil-and-gas/publications/assets/new-energy-futures-final_rus.pdf
Kyzym, M. O. et al. “Kontseptualni zasady zmitsnennia palyvnoi bezpeky natsionalnoi ekonomiky“ [Conceptual framework for strengthening the fuel security of the national economy]. Problemy ekonomiky, no. 1 (2017): 79-88.
Kyzym, M. O. et al. “Identyfikatsiia natsionalnoi modeli enerhetychnoi bezpeky: systemni skladovi ta priorytetni napriamy“ [Identification of a national energy security model: system components and priority areas]. Biznes Inform, no. 6 (2016): 79-89.
Kizim, N. A., Salashenko, T. I., and Borshch, L. M. “Perspektivy ukrepleniya energeticheskoy bezopasnosti Ukrainy putem razvitiya netraditsionnoy gazodobychi“ [Prospects for strengthening Ukraine's energy security through the development of non-traditional gas production]. Problemy ekonomiki, no. 2 (2016): 34-43.
Geletukha, G. G., Zheleznaya, T. A., and Prakhovnik, A. K. “Analiz energeticheskikh strategiy stran YeS i mira i roli v nikh vozobnovlyayemykh istochnikov energii“ [Analysis of the energy strategies of the EU countries and the world and the role of renewable energy sources in them]. http://uabio.org/img/files/docs/uabio-position-paper-13-ru.pdf
Zvit z otsinky vidpovidnosti (dostatnosti) heneruiuchykh potuzhnostei [Report on conformity assessment (adequacy) of generating capacities]. Kyiv: Ukrenerho, 2017.
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“Uriadova prohrama rozvytku hidroenerhetyky Ukrainy ne vidpovidaie yevropeiskym standartam - ekolohy ta eksperty“ [The Government's Hydropower Development Program does not meet European standards - environmentalists and experts]. UNIAN. https://press.unian.ua/press/2029239-uryadova-programa-rozvitku-gidroenergetiki-ukrajini-ne-vidpovidae-evropeyskim-standartam-ekologi-ta-eksperti.html
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Kyzym, M. O., and Miliutin, H. V. “Strukturni zminy v ekonomitsi Ukrainy ta yii enerhoiemnist“ [Structural changes in Ukraine's economy and its energy intensity]. Biznes Inform, no. 12 (2012): 132-143.


Section: Economics and national economy management
UDC 336
Oparin V. M., Paientko T. V.
The Ideology, Pragmatics, and Effectiveness of the Tax Reform in Ukraine (p. 138 - 147)

The article is dedicated to the assessment of the ideology and pragmatics of the tax reforms in Ukraine. The author’s approach to studying the problem differs from the traditional approaches, which are focused on assessing the fiscal effectiveness of taxes, and is aimed at evaluating the validity of such reforms and their benefits for the society with consideration for long-term development of the country. The purpose of the article is to assess the ideology and pragmatics of the tax reforms in terms of their validity and effectiveness for the society. There analyzed the vectors of the tax reforms concerning the main budget-forming taxes: profit tax, personal income tax, VAT. A comparative analysis of the trends in taxation of incomes and value added in Ukraine and the world is carried out. It is substantiated that the goals of the tax reforms declared by the authorities in Ukraine were either contrived or were never achieved. The real goals of the endless reforming were the creation of broad opportunities to avoid taxation on the “legitimate” grounds for the oligarchic clans. It was the avoidance of taxation that created the prerequisites for their accelerated enrichment, which was used mainly with unproductive purposes and did not contribute to the development of the national economy. In view of this, we consider it necessary to give a negative assessment of the tax reforms that were carried out in Ukraine. In addition, the result of the tax reforms was the inadequate filling of the budget with tax revenues and, consequently, very limited financing of the social sphere, whose state is recognized by the government itself as at the least unsatisfactory, being in fact catastrophic. Thus, the impartial assessment of the tax reforms in Ukraine testifies both to their inefficiency, and the negative consequences for the society, on the one hand, and the full realization of the targets for the oligarchs, on the other.
Keywords: tax reforms, profit tax, VAT, personal income tax, investments.
Tabl.: 4. Bibl.: 20.

Oparin Valerii M. – Doctor of Sciences (Economics), Professor, Professor, Department of Finance, Kyiv National Economic University named after V. Hetman (54/1 Peremohy Ave., Kyiv, 03057, Ukraine)
Email: oparin_vm@ukr.net
Paientko Tetiana V. – Doctor of Sciences (Economics), Professor, Professor, Department of Finance, Kyiv National Economic University named after V. Hetman (54/1 Peremohy Ave., Kyiv, 03057, Ukraine)
Email: tpayentko109@gmail.com

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Reference to this article:
Oparin, Valerii M., and Paientko, Tetiana V. (2017) “The Ideology, Pragmatics, and Effectiveness of the Tax Reform in Ukraine.” The Problems of Economy 4:138–147.

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Iliashenko, V. A. “Rozvytok podatkovoi systemy Ukrainy v umovakh yevrointehratsii“ [Development of the tax system of Ukraine in the conditions of European integration]. Derzhava ta rehiony. Seriia: Ekonomika ta pidpryiemnytstvo, no. 2 (71) (2013): 15-20.
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Melnyk, V. M., and Koshuk, T. V. “Podatkovi reformy v umovakh hostroho defitsytu fiskalnykh resursiv: dosvid krain YeS ta ukrainski realii“ [Tax reforms in the context of acute shortage of fiscal resources: EU experience and Ukrainian realities]. Ekonomika Ukrainy, no. 6 (2014): 37-56.
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Section: Economics and national economy management
UDC 502.21:504
Petrakov I. V., Hnedina K. V.
The Methodology for Integral Assessment of the Impact of Renewable Energy on the Environment under Non-Stationary Economy (p. 148 - 155)

The need to reduce anthropogenic load, eliminate threats to environmental safety and provide ecologically oriented development are one of the main global challenges of our time. At the same time, the replacement of traditional energy sources with alternatives ones requires a quantitative assessment of direct and indirect environmental impacts. The article analyzes the dynamics and structure of pollution in Ukraine in terms of its sources and forms as well as their impact on the carbon productivity of the GDP. It is proposed to assess the impact of alternative energy on the environment under non-stationary economy using an integral indicator that takes into account a number of factors, in particular the change in the share of RES in the total primary energy supply, share of renewable energy production, the index of greenhouse gases by the energy sector, change in the quality of atmospheric air in the urban populated area, amount of investment in reducing CO2 emissions, carbon intensity of energy production, share of thermal generation capacity that meets the ecological requirements of the EU.
Keywords: environment, renewable energy, pollution, emissions, generation.
Fig.: 2. Tabl.: 2. Formulae: 12. Bibl.: 12.

Petrakov Iaroslav V. – Candidate of Sciences (Economics), Associate Professor, Leading Researcher
Email: yacherny@ukr.net
Hnedina Kateryna V. – Candidate of Sciences (Economics), Associate Professor, Associate Professor, Department of Accounting, Taxation and Audit
Email: gkv2015oa@gmail.com

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Reference to this article:
Petrakov, Iaroslav V., and Hnedina, Kateryna V. (2017) “The Methodology for Integral Assessment of the Impact of Renewable Energy on the Environment under Non-Stationary Economy.” The Problems of Economy 4:148–155.

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Section: Economics and national economy management
UDC 330.81:336.142.3(477)
Rekova N. Y.
A Retrospective Analysis of the Development of Fiscal Decentralization (p. 156 - 163)

The study forms the theoretical basis for the implementation of fiscal decentralization in Ukraine on the basis of determining the correspondence between the evolution of scientific approaches to the formation of an effective model of public administration and the degree of power centralization at a particular stage of the development of society. The views of thinkers of the ancient states of Egypt, Mesopotamia, India, China, Rome, Greece are generalized, and the priority of centralized public administration without segregation of centralization forms is determined. The degree of centralization in the period of development of feudal states is characterized. The scientific views of representatives of the neoinstitutional direction of economic thought are analyzed in detail, and the stages of the formation of decentralization, in particular fiscal, as a separate theory, are defined. The stages of and the corresponding organizational and legislative documents for the implementation of decentralization in Ukraine are outlined, and its results are characterized.
Keywords: evolution, state, fiscal decentralization, public administration, theory.
Fig.: 1. Tabl.: 1. Bibl.: 23.

Rekova Nataliia Yu. – Doctor of Sciences (Economics), Professor, Chief research scientist, Research Sector, Donbass State Academy of Machine Building (72 Akademichna Str., Kramatorsk, Donetsk region, 84313, Ukraine)
Email: natarekova@gmail.com

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Reference to this article:
Rekova, Nataliia Yu. (2017) “A Retrospective Analysis of the Development of Fiscal Decentralization.” The Problems of Economy 4:156–163.

List of references in article

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Herchakivskyi, S. D., and Kabash, O. R. “Teoretychnyi lohos fiskalnoi detsentralizatsii“ [The theoretical logos of fiscal decentralization]. Rehionalna ekonomika, no. 2 (2009): 133-141.
Sokolova, O. M., and Kovalchuk, A. V. “Teoretychni zasady finansovoi detsentralizatsii v umovakh reformuvannia systemy derzhavnoho upravlinnia“ [Theoretical principles of financial decentralization in the conditions of reforming the system of public administration]. Visnyk NADU pry Prezydentovi Ukrainy. Seriia: Derzhavne upravlinnia», no. 4 (2016): 117-124.
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Lopatynskyi, Yu. M., and Kindzerskyi, V. V. “Istorychni aspekty stanovlennia ta rozvytku metodolohichnykh zasad derzhavnoho rehuliuvannia ekonomiky“ [Historical aspects of the formation and development of methodological principles of state regulation of the economy]. Ekonomika, finansy, menedzhment: aktualni pytannia nauky i praktyky, no. 1 (2015): 16-26.
“Vozniknoveniye i razvitiye feodalnogo gosudarstva i prava“ [The emergence and development of the feudal state and law]. http://mmkaz.narod.ru/vigp1/lectures/l05_feodalism.htm
Pasichnyk, M. “Evoliutsiia ta kharakterni oznaky detsentralizatsii publichnoho upravlinnia“ [Evolution and characteristic signs of decentralization of public administration]. http://visnyk.academy.gov.ua/wp-content/uploads/2013/11/2010-4-24.pdf
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Blankart, Sh. Derzhavni finansy v umovakh demokratii: vstup do finansovoi nauky [Public Finances in Democracy: Introduction to Financial Science]. Kyiv: Lybid, 2000.
Slukhai, S. V. “Instytutsiini peredumovy rozvytku ukrainskoi ekonomiky pid kutom zoru teorii fiskalnoho federalizmu druhoi heneratsii“ [Institutional prerequisites for the development of the Ukrainian economy from the point of view of the theory of fiscal federalism of the second generation]. Finansy Ukrainy, no. 5 (2013): 50-57.
Cheberiako, O. V., and Riabokon, O. O. “Kontseptualni zasady provedennia fiskalnoi detsentralizatsii v Ukraini“ [Conceptual framework for fiscal decentralization in Ukraine]. https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/kontseptualnye-osnovy-provedeniya-fiskalnoy-detsentralizatsii-v-ukraine
Osypenko, S. O. “Finansova detsentralizatsiia: efektyvnist realizatsii na mistsevomu rivni“ [Financial decentralization: the effectiveness of implementation at the local level]. Zbirnyk naukovykh prats Tavriiskoho derzhavnoho ahrotekhnolohichnoho universytetu (ekonomichni nauky). 2013. http://elar.tsatu.edu.ua/bitstream/123456789/1696/1/847.pdf
Shaporenko, O. O. “Biudzhetna detsentralizatsiia v Ukraini: suchasnyi stan ta podalshi kroky“ [Budget Decentralization in Ukraine: Current Situation and Further Steps]. Upravlinnia proektamy ta rozvytok vyrobnytstva. 2016. https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/byudzhetna-detsentralizatsiya-v-ukrayini-suchasniy-stan-ta-podalshi-kroki


Section: Economics and national economy management
UDC 330.342.146
Tokarskyi T. B.
Transformations of the Social Policy in Ukraine and its Problems (p. 164 - 171)

The article is dedicated to the background of the transformative processes of the Ukrainian society on the basis of the pro-European strategy for economic and social development of Ukraine in 2002-2011 and further in the subsequent crisis years. The focus is made on the plans regarding the approximation of the state to the norms and standards of developed democracy, as well as on the observed in the civil society failures related to the high level of corruption, violation of social security standards, human and civil rights and freedoms, etc. A special attention is paid to economic approaches and the concepts of the problems of social policy as well as the formation of mechanisms for social protection of the population. There highlighted the most critical problems of the transformation of the social policy, in particular, changes in the pension plan and social benefit program.
Keywords: transformative processes, social policy, strategy for economic and social development, norms and standards of developed democracy, corruption, social security, social benefits.
Bibl.: 9.

Tokarskyi Taras B. – Candidate of Sciences (Economics), Candidate on Doctor Degree, The National Institute for Strategic Studies (7-a Pyrohova Str., Kyiv, 01030, Ukraine)
Email: tt.adaptaion@gmail.com

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Tokarskyi, Taras B. (2017) “Transformations of the Social Policy in Ukraine and its Problems.” The Problems of Economy 4:164–171.

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Section: Economics and national economy management
UDC 167:502.3+338.2
Khumarova N. I., Popyk O. V.
Methodological Basis for the Formation of a Motivational Mechanism of Environmental Resource Management in Ukraine (p. 172 - 178)

The author’s definition, semantic and functional filling of the motivational mechanism for the implementation of the basic principles of environment-oriented managerial influence within the urbanized space is presented. The psychoemotional and economic basis of the phenomenon “motivation” in the context of the formation of an environment-oriented behavioral model are indicated. The classification characteristic of the process of stakeholder motivation according to the source of activation of the motivation factors and the emotional coloring of the response to the applied measures of external influence is given. The economic and environmental potential and expediency of the measures on financial stimulation of stakeholders concerning the implementation of principles of environmental resource management at the local level are revealed.
Keywords: system of environmental resource management, motivational mechanism, influence tools, environment, best available technologies.
Fig.: 2. Bibl.: 14.

Khumarova Nina I. – Doctor of Sciences (Economics), Senior Research Fellow, academic secretary, Institute of Market Problems and Economic-Ecological Research of NAS of Ukraine (29 Frantsuzkyi Blvd., Odesa, 65044, Ukraine)
Email: khumarova@nas.gov.ua
Popyk Oleh V. – Postgraduate Student, Institute of Market Problems and Economic-Ecological Research of NAS of Ukraine (29 Frantsuzkyi Blvd., Odesa, 65044, Ukraine)
Email: o.v.popik@gmail.com

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Khumarova, Nina I., and Popyk, Oleh V. (2017) “Methodological Basis for the Formation of a Motivational Mechanism of Environmental Resource Management in Ukraine.” The Problems of Economy 4:172–178.

List of references in article

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Section: Economics and national economy management
UDC 65.011.2:338.45(477)
Yanenkova I. G.
The Digital Transformation of the Ukrainian Industry: Key Aspects (p. 179 - 184)

Based on the analysis of foreign experience in digital transformations of industry and national economies as a whole, there made an attempt to highlight the key aspects of such transformations in Ukraine. It is substantiated that digitalization allows to obtain significant advantages due to decrease in costs of economic and social transactions, expansion of access to services and sharp increase in efficiency. On a national scale, this means acceleration of the economic growth, increase in the number of jobs and improvement of the quality of services. To take advantage of digitalization is possible only if the business climate is constantly improved, investments in new technologies are made, and large-scale economic reforms are carried out. The main technological trends in the sphere of digital transformation of industry are defined: mass application of intelligent sensors in the equipment and production lines; transition to unmanned production and mass application of robotic technologies; transition to storing information and carrying out calculations from own facilities to distributed resources, etc. The key developed digital initiatives for the national economy are analyzed. There proposed the priority directions for the formation and development of the digital economy for the period until 2020 for Ukraine, in particular, the creation of conditions for the digital transformation of the country’s industry; formation of information and telecommunication networks; elaboration of integrated engineering software platforms and development of design and product lifecycle management environments; development of means of production that meet the requirements and technological standards of Industry 4.0. Priority directions of the policy at different stages of digitalization of the economy are developed.
Keywords: digital transformation, industry, development, trends, technologies, strategy, national economy.
Tabl.: 3. Bibl.: 9.

Yanenkova Iryna G. – Doctor of Sciences (Economics), Associate Professor, Leading Researcher, Sector of the Digital Economy, Institute for Economics and Forecasting of NAS of Ukraine (26 Panasa Myrnoho Str., Kyiv, 01011, Ukraine)
Email: 777fler@gmail.com

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Yanenkova, Iryna G. (2017) “The Digital Transformation of the Ukrainian Industry: Key Aspects.” The Problems of Economy 4:179–184.

List of references in article

“World Development Report 2016: Digital Dividends“ http://www.worldbank.org/en/publication/wdr2016
Tsifrovaya ekonomika i Industriya 4.0: problemy i perspektivy. St. Petersburg: Izd-vo Politekhn. un-ta, 2017.
“The digital transformation of industry (A European study commissioned by the Federation of German Industries (BDI) and conducted by Roland Berger Strategy Consultants)“ http://bdi.eu/media/user_upload/Digital_Transformation.pdf
“Programma razvitiya tsifrovoy ekonomiki v RF «Tsifrovaya ekonomika»“ [Digital Economy Development Program in the RF "Digital Economy"]. http://static.government.ru/media/files/9gFM4FHj4PsB79I5v7yLVuPgu4bvR7M0.pdf
“Proekt «Tsyfrova adzhenda - 2020»“ [The project "Digital Advent 2020"]. www.ht-office.org
“Proekt «Stratehiia rozvytku promyslovosti Ukrainy»“ [The project "The Strategy of Industrial Development of Ukraine"]. www.me.gov.ua
Ofitsiinyi sait Derzhavnoi sluzhby statystyky Ukrainy. www.ukrstat.gov.ua
Ofitsiinyi sait NKRZI Ukrainy. http://nkrzi.gov.ua/index.php?r=site/index&pg=138&language=uk
Saraiva, C., and Jamrisko, M. “These Economies are getting more miserable this year“ https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2017-03-03/these-countries-are-getting-more-miserable-this-year


Section: Regional economy
UDC 332.1:711+339.9
Bubenko P. T., Panova O. D.
The Program for Urban Development in the Context of Current Urbanization Challenges (p. 185 - 194)

The aim of the article is to study the evolutionary development of the New Urban Agenda (NUA) and analyze the strategic tools of urban development within the existing urban paradigm at the present stage. The global conceptual transformations through the lens of identifying urbanization as an engine for sustainable and comprehensive economic growth and sustainable urban development are analyzed. In the context of providing mutually complementary links between urbanization and economic development, the content components of the system of actions for implementing the NUA aimed at achieving sustainable urban development are systematized. Prospects for further research in this direction are searching for universal tools of strategic urban development within the framework of the provisions of the NUA, as well as analyzing the impact of local factors on the process of implementing the NUA.
Keywords: urbanization, city, economic development, sustainable development, integral approach.
Fig.: 2. Tabl.: 1. Bibl.: 23.

Bubenko Pavlo T. – Doctor of Sciences (Economics), Professor, Professor, Department of Economics of Enterprises, Business Administration and Regional Development, O. M. Beketov National University of Urban Economy in Kharkiv (17 Marshala Bazhanova Str., Kharkіv, 61002, Ukraine)
Email: office.nesc@nas.gov.ua
Panova Olena D. – Senior Lecturer, Department of Economics of Enterprises, Department of Economics of Enterprises, Business Administration and Regional Development, O. M. Beketov National University of Urban Economy in Kharkiv (17 Marshala Bazhanova Str., Kharkіv, 61002, Ukraine)
Email: panova_biz@ukr.net

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Bubenko, Pavlo T., and Panova, Olena D. (2017) “The Program for Urban Development in the Context of Current Urbanization Challenges.” The Problems of Economy 4:185–194.

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“Tsili staloho rozvytku 2016-2030“ [Sustainable Development Goals 2016-2030]. http://www.un.org.ua/ua/tsili-rozvytku-tysiacholittia/tsili-staloho-rozvytku
Angel, S. et al. “The dimensions of global urban expansion: Estimates and projections for all countries, 2000-2050“ Progress in Planning vol. 75 (2011): 53-107.
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Ferrao, P., and Fernandez, J. Sustainable urban metabolism MIT Press, 2013.
Fitzgerald, J. Emerald Cities: Urban Sustainability and Economic Development Oxford University Press, 2010.
Grubler, A., and Fisk, D. Energizing Sustainable Cities: Assessing Urban Energy Abingdon, United Kingdom: Routledge, 2013.
Hoornweg, D., Sugar, L., and Trejos Gomez, L. C. “Cities and greenhouse gases moving forward“ Urbanization and Environment vol. 23 (1) (2011): 207-227.
“International Energy Agency. World Energy Outlook. Energy and air pollution. Special report. Executive Summary. OECD“ IEA, Paris, 2016. https://www.iea.org/publications/freepublications/publication/WorldEnergyOutlookSpecialReportEnergyandAirPollution_Executivesummary_EnglishVersion.pdf
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Lefebvre, H. Le droit a la ville Paris: Anthropos, 1968.
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Seto, K., Guneralp, B., and Hutyra, L. “Global forecasts of urban expansion to 2030 and direct impacts on biodiversity and carbon pools“ PNAS vol. 109, no. 40 (2012): 16083-16088.
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Section: Regional economy
UDC 332.1:330.3
Zvarych O. I.
The Structural Analysis of Economic Development of Regions (p. 195 - 205)

The aim of the article is to analyze the economic development of regions by means of the model of the economic base using such indicators as the coefficients of surplus labor and localization, coefficients of concentration and diversification, industry multiplier coefficient, and coefficient of intensity of performing basic functions. Within the framework of the analysis, the areas of specialization are defined, the intensity of performing the basic functions is assessed, and the correlation between the areas of specialization — auxiliary (complementary) and servicing — is investigated. Furthermore, the identification is carried out, that is, it is determined which particular stages of the production process are concentrated in the region: management, research or production. When studying the functional structure of regions, attention is focused on identifying the functional specialization of the region under study and determining its level of specialization. The factors of localization made it possible to determine the level of regional specialization and the dominant functional specialization of the region. Through functional specialization, there identified the spheres of economic activity, whose value in a given spatial unit is greater than that achieved in a certain set of units. The reasons for regional specialization should be seen in the system of demographic conditions, environmental conditions and in the formed infrastructure environment. When determining the regional multiplier and the coefficient of intensity of performing basic functions, attention is focused on the division according to the functional feature of the economic activity: production and infrastructure, management, research and development. The evaluation of the intensity of performing basic functions is given through the division of these indicators according to the functional feature of the economic activity. The results obtained are a prerequisite for the formation of sustainable development strategies for the region.
Keywords: region, economic development, structural analysis, production factors.
Fig.: 4. Tabl.: 5. Bibl.: 8.

Zvarych Olena I. – Candidate of Sciences (Economics), Applicant, Department of Economic Cybernetics, Precarpathian National University named after V. Stefanyk (57 Shevchenka Str., Ivano-Frankіvsk, 76018, Ukraine)
Email: lena_zl@ukr.net

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Zvarych, Olena I. (2017) “The Structural Analysis of Economic Development of Regions.” The Problems of Economy 4:195–205.

List of references in article

Blahun, I. S., Dmytryshyn, L. I., and Romankiv, I. M. “Analiz pidkhodiv do formuvannia kontseptsii rehionalnoho rozvytku“ [Analysis of approaches to the formation of regional development concepts]. Visnyk Prykarpatskoho universytetu. Seriia: Ekonomika, no. 9 (2012): 130-134.
Dolishnii, M. I. Rehionalna polityka na rubezhi XX-XXI stolit: novi priorytety [Regional policy at the turn of the XX-XXI centuries: new priorities]. Kyiv: Naukova dumka, 2006.
Instytutsiini faktory stiikoho rozvytku rehionalnykh sotsialno-ekonomichnykh system [Institutional factors of sustainable development of regional socio-economic systems]. Kharkiv: KhNAMH, 2013.
Kyzym, M. O., and Heiman, O. A. “Stsenarne modeliuvannia rozvytku sotsialno-ekonomichnykh system: napriamky, osoblyvosti, mekhanizm“ [Scenario modeling of socio-economic systems development: directions, features, mechanism]. Rehionalna ekonomika, no. 4 (2009): 16-23.
Maksymova, T. S. Rehionalnyi rozvytok (analiz i prohnozuvannia) [Regional development (analysis and forecasting)]. Luhansk: Vyd-vo SNU im. V. Dalia, 2003.
Sotsialno-ekonomichnyi rozvytok rehionu: mekhanizmy derzhavnoho vplyvu [Socio-economic development of the region: mechanisms of state influence]. Lviv: LRIDU NADU, 2011.
Storonianska, I. Z. Mizhrehionalni intehratsiini protsesy v Ukraini: tendentsii ta perspektyvy rozvytku [Interregional integration processes in Ukraine: trends and prospects of development]. Lviv: In-t rehion. doslidzhen NAN Ukrainy, 2009.
Sheleheda, B. H., Kuzmenko, L. M., and Kravtsova, L. V. Stratehichnyi rozvytok sotsialno-ekonomichnoi infrastruktury rehionu [Strategic development of the socio-economic infrastructure of the region]. Donetsk: IEP NAN Ukrainy, 2011.


Section: Regional economy
UDC 332.142.4
Lukyanov V. I.
The Analysis of the Current State and Trends in the Development of the Housing and Utilities Infrastructure in Regions of Ukraine (p. 206 - 211)

An analysis of the current state and trends in the development of the housing and utilities infrastructure in regions of Ukraine is conducted. It is noted that the housing and utilities infrastructure is an important social sector that provides the population, enterprises, and organizations with the necessary housing and public utility services, which significantly influences the development of the economy of the country and its regions. The analysis showed that public utility enterprises remain stably unprofitable both in Ukraine in whole and in its regions. The attention is focused on the fact that the main sources for financing the housing and utilities infrastructure are the state and local budgets, payments of individuals and legal entities for housing and public utility services, investments and loans provided by international financial organizations that make a significant contribution to the financing of the sector under conditions of budget deficit. Summarizing the results of the PEST analysis and SWOT analysis of the development of the housing and utilities infrastructure in regions of Ukraine, the author concludes that there are a significant number of negative reasons for the weak aspects of the functioning of the housing and utilities infrastructure. There identified economic incentives for attracting potential investors to the programs for the development of the housing and public utility sector in the regions, which are based on the legislative consolidation of the basic conditions for effective functioning of the market for housing and public utility services.
Keywords: housing and utilities infrastructure, region, development trends, analysis, public utility enterprise.
Tabl.: 5. Bibl.: 8.

Lukyanov Victor I. – Director, Housing and Communal College of O. M. Beketov National University of Urban Economy in Kharkiv (233a Shevchenka Str., Kharkiv, 61033, Ukraine)
Email: jkt45@ukr.net

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Lukyanov, Victor I. (2017) “The Analysis of the Current State and Trends in the Development of the Housing and Utilities Infrastructure in Regions of Ukraine.” The Problems of Economy 4:206–211.

List of references in article

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Drahan, I. O. “Derzhavne upravlinnia rozvytkom zhytlovo-komunalnoho hospodarstva i pryntsypy yoho reformuvannia“ [Public administration of housing and communal services development and principles of its reformation]. Ekonomika ta derzhava, no. 4 (2009): 87-90.
Melnychenko, O. A., and Vashchenko, V. O. “Suchasni kontseptsii podalshoho reformuvannia zhytlovo-komunalnoho hospodarstva Ukrainy“ [Contemporary Concepts of Further Reforming of Housing and Communal Services of Ukraine]. Teoriia ta praktyka derzhavnoho upravlinnia, no. 1 (2013): 10-16.
Niemets, L. M. et al. “Komunalno-zhytlove hospodarstvo yak skladova sotsialnoi infrastruktury (na prykladi silskoi mistsevosti Donetskoi oblasti)“ [Municipal housing as a component of social infrastructure (on the example of rural areas of the Donetsk region)]. Visnyk Kharkivskoho natsionalnoho universytetu imeni V. N. Karazina. Ser.: Heolohiia - Heohrafiia - Ekolohiia vol. 38, no. 1049 (2013): 142-148.
Pavliuk, K. V., and Stepanova, O. V. “Rozvytok derzhavno-pryvatnoho partnerstva u sferi zhytlovo-komunalnoho hospodarstva v Ukraini“ [Development of public-private partnership in the sphere of housing and communal services in Ukraine]. Ekonomika promyslovosti, no. 1 (2010): 172-182.
Bezzubko, L. V. et al. Reformirovaniye zhilishchno-komunalnogo khozyaystva: opyt i perspektivy deyatelnosti [Reforming of housing and communal services: experience and prospects of activity]. Donetsk: Nord-kompiuter, 2008.
Derzhavna sluzhba statystyky Ukrainy: ofyts. sait. http://www.ukrstat.gov.ua/
Parubets, O. M., Suhoniako, D. O., and Krasnianska, Yu. V. “Napriamy vdoskonalennia mekhanizmu finansuvannia zhytlovo-komunalnoho hospodarstva Ukrainy“ [Directions of improvement of financing mechanism of housing and communal services of Ukraine]. Skhidna Yevropa: ekonomika, biznes ta upravlinnia, no. 3 (08) (2017): 302-306.


Section: Regional economy
UDC 656.078.3
Palant O. Y., Vodovozov Y. N.
Economic Justification of the Organization and Creation of a Business Entity for the Introduction of an E-Ticket (p. 212 - 218)

The aim of the article is to present the economic studies and justification of the creation of an individual business entity designed to serve all aspects of the functioning of a contactless fare payment system in public transport for the purpose of solving the issue of optimizing revenue collection from the provided transport services, which is an important step to provide a break-even operation of carrier enterprises. Ensuring the implementation of the measures indicated in the article will give an opportunity to really influence the improvement of the state of affairs in such an important branch of the urban economy as urban electric transport. Since it is not only a social mode of transport but also the most environmentally friendly mode of transport, as well as the one that is most promising to use in the future where very soon electric vehicles will become the dominant means of transportation. The economic and legal aspects of concluding contracts examined by the authors made it possible to highlight the general problems of the functioning of enterprises providing services for passengers in cities of our country, which, as a matter of fact, hamper their development.
Keywords: public transport, electronic fare payment system, business entity.
Fig.: 2. Bibl.: 20.

Palant Oleksii Yu. – Doctor of Sciences (Economics), Associate Professor, Department of Enterprise Economics, Business Administration and Regional Development, O. M. Beketov National University of Urban Economy in Kharkiv (17 Marshala Bazhanova Str., Kharkіv, 61002, Ukraine)
Email: kharget@gmail.com
Vodovozov Yevgeniy N. – Applicant, Department of Enterprise Economics, Business Administration and Regional Development, O. M. Beketov National University of Urban Economy in Kharkiv (17 Marshala Bazhanova Str., Kharkіv, 61002, Ukraine)
Email: evodovozov@gmail.com

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Palant, Oleksii Yu., and Vodovozov, Yevgeniy N. (2017) “Economic Justification of the Organization and Creation of a Business Entity for the Introduction of an E-Ticket.” The Problems of Economy 4:212–218.

List of references in article

Dolia, V. K. Pasazhyrski perevezennia [Passenger transportation]. Kharkiv: Fort, 2011.
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Varelopulo, G. A. Organizatsiya dvizheniya i perevozok na gorodskom passazhirskom transporte [Organization of traffic and traffic on urban passenger transport]. Moscow: Transport, 1981.
Babayev, V. N. et al. “Razrabotka i realizatsiya strategicheskogo plana ustoychivogo razvitiya goroda na osnove sbalansirovannoy sistemy pokazateley“ [Development and implementation of a strategic plan for sustainable development of the city based on a balanced system of indicators]. Kommunalnoye khozyaystvo gorodov, no. 57 (2004): 35-52.
Babayev, V. N., Shutenko, L. N., and Semenov, V. T. “Rol gorodskikh proektov i programm razvitiya v ustoychivom razvitii megapolisov“ [The role of urban projects and development programs in the sustainable development of megacities]. Kommunalnoye khozyaystvo gorodov, no. 69 (2006): 3-9.
Babayev, V. N. et al. “Sovershenstvovaniye sistemy upravleniya infrastrukturoy goroda na osnove vnedreniya strategicheskogo planirovaniya i innovatsionnogo menedzhmenta“ [Improvement of the city infrastructure management system based on the introduction of strategic planning and innovative management]. Kommunalnoye khozyaystvo gorodov, no. 53 (2003): 20-37.
Babaiev, V. M. Praktyka munitsypalnoho upravlinnia [Municipal Governance Practice]. Kharkiv: KhDAMH, 2002.
Babaiev, V. M. et al. “Problemy udoskonalennia informatsiinoho zabezpechennia i upravlinnia stalym rozvytkom mist“ [Problems of improvement of information provision and management of sustainable development of cities]. Upravlinnia suchasnym mistom, no. 7/9 (2004): 36-49.
Torkatyuk, V. I., Yurov, M. V., and Palant, A. Yu. “Analiz osobennostey vybora passazhirskogo vida transporta pri gorodskikh passazhirskikh perevozkakh“ [Analysis of the features of the choice of passenger mode of transport in urban passenger transport]. Kommunalnoye khozyaystvo gorodov, no. 85 (2008): 72-78.
Shutenko, L. N. et al. “Teoreticheskiye osnovy formirovaniya ekonomicheskoy modeli ratsionalnogo sprosa na transportnyye uslugi v protsesse stabilizatsii ustoychivogo razvitiya gorodov“ [Theoretical bases of formation of an economic model of rational demand for transport services in the process of stabilization of sustainable development of cities]. Kommunalnoye khozyaystvo gorodov, no. 89 (2009): 3-25.
Palant, A. Yu., and Adamenko, N. I. “Podbor transportnykh sistem po kriteriyu maksimalnoy bezotkaznosti“ [Selection of transport systems by the criterion of maximum failure-free operation]. Kommunalnoye khozyaystvo gorodov, no. 109 (2013): 370-376.
Palant, A. Yu., and Adamenko, N. I. “Veroyatnostnoye modelirovaniye sistemy obsluzhivaniya passazhirskogo transportnogo kompleksa goroda“ [Probabilistic modeling of the passenger transport system in the city]. Nauchnoye obozreniye. Seriya 1. Ekonomika i pravo, no. 6 (2012): 204-208.
Palant, A. Yu., and Adamenko, N. I. “The Stochastic Model of Reliability for City Public Transport Operation“ Molodoy uchenyy, no. 8 (2013): 67-69.
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Section: Regional economy
UDC 330.322:519.876.2
Pilko A. D., Hrabovetska H. D.
A Model for Assessing the Investment Potential of a Region (p. 219 - 224)

The publication provides the results of a study of existing theoretical and scientific and methodological approaches to assessing the investment potential of a region. Based on the study of existing approaches to interpretation, assessment, analysis and modeling of the components of the investment climate in the region, there presented the authors’ approach to assessment of investment potential using the opportunities of econometric modeling. To quantify the value of investment potential, it is proposed to consider its constituent components, including industrial, agricultural, financial, social, and consumer potential, which in their totality determine it. There presented an approach to determining the proportion of individual components of investment potential of a region in the integral indicator.
Keywords: investment potential, region, assessment, econometric model, weighting coefficient.
Tabl.: 1. Bibl.: 9.

Pilko Andriy D. – Candidate of Sciences (Economics), Associate Professor, Associate Professor, Department of Economic Cybernetics, Precarpathian National University named after V. Stefanyk (57 Shevchenka Str., Ivano-Frankіvsk, 76018, Ukraine)
Email: andriypilko@i.ua
Hrabovetska Hanna D. – Leading Specialist, Department of Accounting and Reporting, Pechenizhynsky Village Council of the United Territorial Community (15 Nezalezhnosti Str., Pechenizhyn, Kolomyia district, Ivano-Frankivsk region, 78274, Ukraine)
Email: anjagmail@ukr.net

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Reference to this article:
Pilko, Andriy D., and Hrabovetska, Hanna D. (2017) “A Model for Assessing the Investment Potential of a Region.” The Problems of Economy 4:219–224.

List of references in article

Homolska, V. V. “Orhanizatsiino-ekonomichni aspekty polipshennia investytsiinoho klimatu rehionu“ [Organizational and Economic Aspects of Improving the Investment Climate of the Region]. Rehionalna ekonomika, no. 3 (2003): 62-70.
Zaytsev, V. V., and Khudyakov, D. N. “Investitsionnyy potentsial regiona: metodika otsenki“ [Investment potential of the region: assessment methodology]. Ekonomika i upravleniye, no. 1 (33) (2013): 19-24.
Litvinova, V. V. “Investitsionnaya privlekatelnost i investitsionnyy klimat regiona: k voprosu o definitsiyakh i otsenke“ [Investment attractiveness and investment climate of the region: to the question of definitions and evaluation]. Vestnik finansovogo universiteta, no. 1 (2014): 139-152.
Nechytailo, U. P. “Analiz suchasnykh pidkhodiv do vyznachennia investytsiinoho potentsialu rehionu“ [An analysis of modern approaches to determining the investment potential of the region]. Investytsii: praktyka ta dosvid, no. 15 (2010): 25-29.
Nechytailo, U. P. “Investytsiinyi potentsial ta investytsiinyi klimat: osoblyvosti formuvannia ta spivvidnoshennia“ [Investment potential and investment climate: peculiarities of formation and correlation]. Naukovyi visnyk Uzhhorodskoho universytetu. Seriia: Ekonomika, no. 2 (32) (2011): 97-103.
Oleksandrenko, I. V. “Otsinka investytsiinoho potentsialu rehioniv Ukrainy“ [Estimation of investment potential of regions of Ukraine]. Rehionalna ekonomika, no. 3 (2009): 80-91.
Pilko, A. D., and Kis, V. V. “Investytsiinyi klimat ta investytsiinyi potentsial rehionu yak obiekty modeliuvannia“ [Investment climate and investment potential of the region as modeling objects]. Biznes Inform, no. 9 (2015): 146-152.
Pilko, A. D., and Kis, V. V. “Modeli analizu kharakteru vzaiemozviazkiv mizh investytsiinoiu skladovoiu ekonomichnoho rozvytku ta pokaznykamy rivnia zhyttia naselennia u konteksti zabezpechennia ekonomichnoi bezpeky rehionu“ [Models of analysis of the nature of the relationship between the investment component of economic development and indicators of living standards in the context of providing economic security of the region]. In Stratehii ekonomichnoho rozvytku: derzhava, rehion, pidpryiemstvo Kherson: VD «Helvetyka», 2015.
Khodus, V. V. “Otsenka investitsionnogo klimata regiona po metodike RAP“ [Assessment of the investment climate in the region using the RAP methodology]. Nauchno-tekhnicheskiye vedomosti SPbGPU, no. 5 (2010): 47-51.


Section: Regional economy
UDC 332.1-047.64:330
Taraday V. N.
Improving the Assessment of the Level of Regional Resources Management (p. 224 - 229)

The work improves the assessment of the level of managing development resources by regions of Ukraine, which is based on the use of a comprehensive assessment — multidimensional comparative analysis (namely the rank-sum test) and allows comparing the effectiveness of managing resource development in regions of Ukraine using the available data, on their status on the basis of a unified system of indicators, as well as comparing the level of managing development resources by each region of Ukraine in time. The uneven development of regions of the country is investigated, the growth of inter-regional socio-economic disproportions is revealed. It is determined that, having a fundamentally different composition and volume of natural, human, financial resources, the state and effectiveness of managing development resources by regions of Ukraine is significantly different. The level of managing development resources by regions of Ukraine is proposed to be assessed by the aggregate indicators characterizing the increase in the productivity of the regional economy, profitability of local business, and level of incomes of the population; general increase in social standards, quality of life and business environment.
Keywords: regional resources, regional development resources, assessment of management level.
Fig.: 1. Tabl.: 1. Bibl.: 8.

Taraday Vladimir N. – Senior Lecturer, Department of Economics and Entrepreneurship, Kharkov Institute of the Interregional Academy of Personnel Management (3 Beketova Str., Kharkiv, 61007, Ukraine)
Email: taraday@list.ru

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Taraday, Vladimir N. (2017) “Improving the Assessment of the Level of Regional Resources Management.” The Problems of Economy 4:224–229.

List of references in article

Butko, M. P., Filippov, Yu. I., and Saranin, O. L. “Suchasni aspekty innovatsiinoho rozvytku rehionu v umovakh rynkovoi transformatsii“ [Modern aspects of innovative development of the region in conditions of market transformation]. Trudy Odesskogo politekhnicheskogo universiteta, no. 1 (7) (1999): 249-255.
Demeshok, O. O., and Honcharenko, M. F. “Rehionalna promyslova polityka ta tekhnolohii derzhavnoho upravlinnia zabezpechenniam ekonomichnoi bezpeky“ [Regional industrial policy and technologies of state administration providing economic security]. Ukrainskyi sotsium: nauka - osvita - vyrobnytstvo, no. 3 (2012): 58-69.
Kyzym, M. O. et al. “Kontseptualni zasady zmitsnennia palyvnoi bezpeky natsionalnoi ekonomiky“ [Conceptual framework for strengthening the fuel security of the national economy]. Problemy ekonomiky, no. 1 (2017): 79-88.
Kondratenko, N. O. “Teoretyko-metodolohichni zasady stratehii resursozberezhennia u rehionalnykh ekonomichnykh systemakh“ [Theoretical and methodological principles of resource conservation strategy in regional economic systems]: dys. ... d-ra ekon. nauk: 08.00.05, 2011.
Kushniretska, O. V., and Demydiuk, O. M. “Teoretychni pidkhody do vyznachennia suti orhanizatsiino-ekonomichnoho mekhanizmu upravlinnia sotsialno-ekonomichnym rozvytkom rehionu“ [Theoretical approaches to the definition of the essence of the organizational and economic mechanism for managing the socio-economic development of the region]. Rehionalna ekonomika, no. 3 (2010): 63-70.
[Legal Act of Ukraine] (2017). http://zakon5.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/385-2014-%D0%BF
Derzhavna sluzhba statystyky Ukrainy: ofits. sait. http://www.ukrstat.gov.ua/
Taradai, V. N. “Otsinka rivnia upravlinnia resursamy rozvytku rehionamy Ukrainy“ [Assessment of the level of resource management development by regions of Ukraine]. Zbirnyk nauk prats Cherkaskoho derzhavnoho tekhnolohichnoho universytetu. Ser.: Ekonomichni nauky part 2, vol. 2, no. 34 (2013): 69-75.


Section: Regional economy
UDC 332.1
Turskyj I. V.
Conceptual Foundations for the Formation of a New Paradigm for Socio-Economic Development of Regions (p. 230 - 235)

The aim of the article is to define the theoretical and methodological foundations and practical basis for the process of forming a new paradigm of regional development, in particular the features of classical and modern theories of regional development in the aspect of the formation of factors for intensifying the social and humanitarian development of entrepreneurship in regions. There noted an increase in the role of humanitarian values and social factors in the economic development of regions in the existing paradigms of regional development, which makes it necessary to concentrate research on the development of the humanitarian and social spheres in close interrelation with economic development. Based on the research and analysis of internal and external factors of the regional economic development, a set of key factors for the development of the knowledge economy in regions is defined. The study of regional approaches to regional development has led to the conclusion that, under current conditions, the existing paradigms of regional development should be improved taking into account the realities of the emergence of new economic systems based on human capital and knowledge, as well as on the introduction of the component of social and humanitarian space of the region into the analysis of regional development processes.
Keywords: region, paradigm, economic development, social development, development theory.
Fig.: 2. Tabl.: 1. Bibl.: 12.

Turskyj Ihor V. – Candidate of Sciences (Economics), Associate Professor, Associate Professor, Department of Economics and Finance, Ternopil Ivan Pului National Technical University (56 Ruska Str., Ternopil, 46001, Ukraine)
Email: turihor@gmail.com

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Reference to this article:
Turskyj, Ihor V. (2017) “Conceptual Foundations for the Formation of a New Paradigm for Socio-Economic Development of Regions.” The Problems of Economy 4:230–235.

List of references in article

Kochetov, O. P., Hryhorovych, A. V., and Torhova, L. V. “Pro okremi katehorii navchalnoi dystsypliny «Rozmishchennia produktyvnykh syl»“ [About certain categories of educational discipline "Placing productive forces"]. Visnyk Khmelnytskoho instytutu rehionalnoho upravlinnia ta prava, no. 1 (2003): 263-266.
Klynovyi, D. V., and Pepa, T. V. Rozmishchennia produktyvnykh syl i rehionalna ekonomika Ukrainy [Placement of productive forces and the regional economy of Ukraine]. Kyiv: Tsentr navchalnoi literatury, 2006.
Zablotskyi, B. F. Rehionalna ekonomika [Regional economy]. Lviv: Novyi svit-2000, 2007.
Lyshylenko, V. I. Rozmishchennia produktyvnykh syl i rehionalna ekonomika [Placement of productive forces and regional economics]. Kyiv: Tsentr navchalnoi literatury, 2006.
Cherniuk, L. H. “Kompleksnist yak nevidiemna umova efektyvnoho rozvytku rehionalnykh hospodarskykh system“ [Complexity as an indispensable condition for the effective development of regional economic systems]. Rehionalnyi rozvytok Ukrainy: problemy ta perspektyvy. Kyiv: DVNZ «KNEU im. V. Hetmana», 2009. 720-723.
Rozmishchennia produktyvnykh syl i rehionalna ekonomika [Placement of productive forces and regional economics]. Kyiv: Znannia, 2006.
Sazonets, I. L., Dzhyndzhoian, V. V., and Chubar, O. O. Rozmishchennia produktyvnykh syl [Distribution of productive forces]. Kyiv: Tsentr navchalnoi literatury, 2006.
Stechenko, D. M. Rozmishchennia produktyvnykh syl i rehionalistyka [Placement of productive forces and regionalistics]. Kyiv: Vikar, 2006.
Osnovy regionalnoy ekonomiki [Bases of regional economy]. Moscow: Ekonomika, 2000.
Rehiony Ukrainy: problemy ta priorytety sotsialno-ekonomichnoho rozvytku [Regions of Ukraine: problems and priorities of socio-economic development]. Kyiv: Znannia Ukrainy, 2005.
Reutov, V. Ye. “Zakonomirnosti i paradyhmy rehionalnoho rozvytku“ [Regularities and paradigms of regional development]. Efektyvna ekonomika. 2010. http://www.economy.nayka.com.ua/?op=1&z=319
Granberg, O., Suslov, V., and Suspitsyn, S. Mnogoregionalnyye sistemy: ekonomiko-matematicheskoye issledovaniye [Multiregional systems: economic and mathematical research]. Novosibirsk: Sibirskoye nauchnoye izd-vo, 2007.


Section: Economics and Enterrprise Management
UDC 339.944:65.012.12
Androsova T. V., Kruhlova Y. A., Kozub V. O.
The Basic Monitoring of Financial Results of Trade Enterprises — Subjects of Foreign Economic Activity (p. 236 - 241)

The aim of the article is to justify the indicators of the basic monitoring of financial results of trade enterprises — subjects of foreign economic activity. Essential characteristics of such notions as the threshold, limiting, optimum value of an indicator are analyzed. There justified the system of indicators for the basic monitoring of financial results of trade enterprises — subjects of foreign economic activity, which is formed taking into account the goals of the economic activity of a trade enterprise as well as the sequence of formation and use of its financial results. For the basic monitoring of financial results of trade enterprises — subjects of foreign economic activity — the use of such indicators as marginal revenue, financial result from operating activities, net financial result, capitalized profit is recommended, and models for calculating their threshold values are presented. The prospect for further research is the justification of the system of indicators for problem monitoring of financial results of trade enterprises.
Keywords: enterprise, management, monitoring, financial result.
Tabl.: 1. Bibl.: 11.

Androsova Tetiana V. – Candidate of Sciences (Economics), Professor, Professor, Department of International Economics, Kharkiv State University of Food Technology and Trade (333 Klochkіvska Str., Kharkіv, 61051, Ukraine)
Kruhlova Yelena A. – Candidate of Sciences (Economics), Professor, Professor, Department of Economics and Management, Kharkiv State University of Food Technology and Trade (333 Klochkіvska Str., Kharkіv, 61051, Ukraine)
Email: ekruglova767@gmail.com
Kozub Viktoriia O. – Candidate of Sciences (Economics), Associate Professor, Associate Professor, Department of International Economics and Management of Foreign Economic Activity, Simon Kuznets Kharkiv National University of Economics (9a Nauky Ave., Kharkіv, 61166, Ukraine)
Email: kozub.viktoria71@gmail.com

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Reference to this article:
Androsova, Tetiana V., Kruhlova, Yelena A., and Kozub, Viktoriia O. (2017) “The Basic Monitoring of Financial Results of Trade Enterprises — Subjects of Foreign Economic Activity.” The Problems of Economy 4:236–241.

List of references in article

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Pihul, N. H. “Upravlinnia prybutkom pidpryiemstva“ [Management of enterprise profit]. Problemy i perspektyvy rozvytku bankivskoi systemy Ukrainy, no. 28 (2010): 125-132.
Bilyk, M. D., and Bilyk, T. O. Finansovi rezultaty diialnosti malykh pidpryiemstv: otsinka ta prohnozuvannia [Financial results of small businesses: estimation and forecasting]. Kyiv: PanTot, 2012.
Kozak, L. V., Kryvytska, O. R., and Novoseletskyi, O. M. Prybutok pidpryiemstv: teoretyko-metodychni zasady formuvannia ta analizu [Profit of enterprises: theoretical and methodical principles of formation and analysis]. Ostroh: Vyd-vo Nats. un-tu «Ostrozka akademiia», 2012.
Prokhar, N. V., and Nochovna, Yu. O. Oblik dokhodiv, vytrat i finansovykh rezultativ: problemy teorii ta praktyky [Accounting for income, expenses and financial results: problems of theory and practice]. Poltava: RVV PUET, 2011.
Vlasova, N. O., and Melushova, I. Yu. Efektyvnist formuvannia finansovykh rezultativ pidpryiemstv rozdribnoi torhivli [Effectiveness of the formation of financial results of retail enterprises]. Kharkiv: KhDUKhT, 2008.
Lihonenko, L. O., Klochenok, L. V., and Yurchuk, N. V. Dyvidendna polityka pidpryiemstva [Dividend policy of the enterprise]. Kyiv: Kyiv. derzh. torh.-ekon. un-t, 2000.
Frolova, L. V., and Lisnichenko, O. O. Upravlinnia vartistiu pidpryiemstva: otsinka ta formuvannia [Management of the value of the enterprise: assessment and formation]. Kryvyi Rih: FOP Cherniavskyi D. O., 2015.
[Legal Act of Ukraine] (2013). http://www.nau.kiev.ua
Kharchenko, N. V. Dyvidendna polityka aktsionernykh tovarystv [Dividend policy of joint stock companies]. Poltava: RVV Poltav. derzh. ahrar. akad., 2009.


Section: Economics and Enterrprise Management
UDC 338.3:330.34
Beskupska O. V.
The Implementation of Principles of Sustainable Development in Ukrainian Oil and Fat Enterprises (p. 242 - 249)

Three main components of the concept of sustainable development are analyzed: economic development, social inclusion and environmental conditions. The expediency of introducing the principles of sustainable development in enterprises of the fat and oil industry is grounded. The state of Ukraine’s agriculture is studied, and its influence on the depletion of natural resources is determined. The evolution of the development of the oil and fat industry, its current state and role for the economy of Ukraine are considered. It is found that for successful functioning of the principles of sustainable development, enterprises of the oil and fat industry need to introduce an export duty for the export of rapeseeds and soybeans, a more stringent control of incoming raw materials and international certification of the enterprises. Recommendations are given on the development of innovation activity, attraction of investments and new approaches in logistics.
Keywords: sustainable development, oil and fat industry, agro-industrial complex.
Fig.: 4. Tabl.: 1. Bibl.: 15.

Beskupska Olena V. – Postgraduate Student, Department of Finance, Banking and Insurance, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (3 Soniachna Str., Vinnytsia, 21008, Ukraine)
Email: olenabskp@gmail.com

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Reference to this article:
Beskupska, Olena V. (2017) “The Implementation of Principles of Sustainable Development in Ukrainian Oil and Fat Enterprises.” The Problems of Economy 4:242–249.

List of references in article

“Country Programming framework for Ukraine 2016 to 2019“ http://www.fao.org/3/a-bp567e.pdf
Moore, H. “The sustainable development goals: We are all developing countries now“ https://www.theguardian.com/sustainable-business/2015/sep/25/sustainable-development-goals-sdgs-inequality-developing-countries
Sachs, J. The Age of Sustainable Development Columbia University Press., 2015.
“Valovyi vnutrishnii produkt za 2016 rik“ [Gross domestic product for 2016]. Derzhavna sluzhba statystyky Ukrainy: ofits. sait. http://www.ukrstat.gov.ua/
Kviatkovska, L. A. “Realizatsiia pryntsypiv kontseptsii staloho rozvytku v diialnosti pidpryiemstva“ [Realization of the principles of the concept of sustainable development in the enterprise]. Visnyk sotsialno-ekonomichnykh doslidzhen, no. 1 (2013): 85-89.
“Kontseptsiia derzhavnoi tsilyovoi prohramy rozvytku ahrarnoho sektoru ekonomiky na period do 2020 roku“ [The Concept of the State Target Program for the Development of the Agricultural Sector for the period up to 2020]. http://www.minagro.gov.ua/apk?nid=16822
Maslak, O. “Rynok soniashnyku novoho vrozhaiu“ [The market for sunflower seeds is a new crop]. Ahrobiznes Syohodni. 11/2016. http://agro-business.com.ua/ostannia-vip-novyna/6749-rynok-soniashnyku-novogo-vrozhaiu.html
Perehudova, T. V. “Sotsialna inkliuziia yak element sotsialnoi polityky: yevropeiski uroky dlia Ukrainy“ [Social Inclusion as an Element of Social Policy: European Lessons for Ukraine]. Naukovyi visnyk Mizhnarodnoho humanitarnoho universytetu. Seriia: Ekonomika i menedzhment, no. 19 (2016): 98-102.
Polovian, O. V. “Ekolohizatsiia rozvytku promyslovoho rehionu“ [Ecologization of the development of the industrial region]. Hlobalni ta natsionalni problemy ekonomiky, no. 2 (2014): 313-318.
Tkalenko, S. I. “Vliyaniye integratsionnykh protsessov YeS na strategicheskoye razvitiye Ukrainy v usloviyakh globalizatsii“ [Influence of EU integration processes on the strategic development of Ukraine in the context of globalization]. Naukovyi visnyk Mukachivskoho derzhavnoho universitetu vol. 1, no. 2 (4) (2015): 193-199.
“Chas investuvaty v Ukrainu. Yak obiity ryzyky?“ [Time to invest in Ukraine. How to get around the risks?]. https://www.epravda.com.ua/columns/2017/03/31/623300/
Fedun, O. “Ekolohizatsiia mizhnarodnykh vidnosyn u konteksti staloho rozvytku“ [Ecologization of international relations in the context of sustainable development]. Visnyk Lvivskoho universytetu. Seriia: Mizhnarodni vidnosyny, no. 30 (2012): 78-86.
Khvesyk, M. “Ekonomika pryrodokorystuvannia i stalyi rozvytok: realii ta perspektyvy“ [Economics of Natural Resources and Sustainable Development: Realities and Prospects]. Ekonomist, no. 4 (2015): 4-5.
Shved, T. V., and Bila, I. S. “Identyfikatsiia problem rozvytku pidpryiemstv oliino-zhyrovoi haluzi v Ukraini“ [Identification of problems of development of enterprises of oil and fat industry in Ukraine]. Problemy ekonomiky, no. 1 (2015): 174-179.
Shubravska, O. V. “Stalyi rozvytok ahroprodovolchoi systemy Ukrainy“ [Sustainable development of the agro-food system of Ukraine]: avtoref. dys. … d-ra ekon. nauk: 08.07.02, 2003.


Section: Economics and Enterrprise Management
UDC 005.336.3:33.011
Vovk V. M.
Components of Managing the Quality of Customer Service (p. 250 - 256)

The aim of the article is to clarify the essence of the concept “service quality”, identify the key criteria affecting the assessment of service quality, and find the points of intersection between the capabilities of the manufacturer and the preferences of the consumer in the process of improving the service quality. In the article the author’s interpretation of the category of service quality is proposed. The carried out research allowed to identify the stages of the service process and offer the criteria for assessing the quality of customer service. Studying the possibilities of enterprises in terms of customer service quality and the preferences of customers themselves allowed to create a model for managing the quality of customer service, which enables taking into account the interaction of the producer and the customer in the process of improving the service quality. Prospects for further research in this area are the testing of the theoretical model for managing the quality of customer service on practical material in a particular industry.
Keywords: criteria of service quality , quality of customer service, customer satisfaction models, customer service policy.
Fig.: 4. Bibl.: 12.

Vovk Viktoriia M. – Candidate of Sciences (Economics), Associate Professor, Associate Professor, Department of Accounting and Auditing, National University of Water Management and Natural Resources Use (11 Soborna Str., Rivne, 33028, Ukraine)
Email: vicnikka@gmail.com

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Vovk, Viktoriia M. (2017) “Components of Managing the Quality of Customer Service.” The Problems of Economy 4:250–256.

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Michalski, E. Marketing Warszawa: PWN, 2003.
Saleem, H., and Raja, S. “The Impact of Service Quality on Customer Satisfaction, Customer Loyalty and Brand Image: Evidence from Hotel Industry of Pakistan“ Middle-East Journal of Scientific Research vol. 19, no. 5 (2014): 706-711.
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Kister, A., and Vovk, V. “Quality monitoring model based on analysis of medical errors]“ Quality Festival. Kragujevac: University of Kragujevac, 2014. 439-450.
Wiecek-Janka, E. “Czynniki determinujace obsluge klienta w przedsiebiorstwach rodzinnych - wyniki badan“ Problemy zarzadzania, finansow i marketingu. Zeszyty naukowe uniwersytetu Szczecinskiego vol. 1, no. 41 (875) (2015): 401-413.
Hrytsenko, O. I. “Yakist obsluhovuvannia yak ekonomichna katehoriia: problemy vyznannia“ [Quality of service as an economic category: recognition problems]. Innovatsiina ekonomika. Vseukrainskyi naukovo-vyrobnychyi zhurnal, no. 4 (42) (2013): 192-195.
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Trachenko, L. A. “Problemy vprovadzhennia system menedzhmentu iakosti u sferi posluh“ [Problems of implementing quality management systems in the service sector]. Visnyk sotsialno-ekonomichnykh doslidzhen, no. 4 (51) (2013): 165-170.


Section: Economics and Enterrprise Management
UDC 658.8
Honchar M. F.
Formation and Use of Stress Management Systems in Enterprises (p. 257 - 262)

In the article there developed a typology of factors of forming and using stress management systems in enterprises that implies their division into factors of direct and indirect impact. The first group includes the factor of the management system as a whole, competence of the staff, information support, goals and tasks of stress management, temporary orientation of systems of stress management and its object. In turn, the factors of indirect impact include the level and scale of the enterprise’s activities, stability of the functioning environment, organizational culture, psychological management features, organizational communications, stakeholder interests, social responsibility, and corporate image. Knowledge and understanding of such factors contributes to a more thorough diagnosis of processes within these systems, as well as selection of an adequate model of managerial behavior. In addition, the results provide an opportunity to optimize the parameters of stress management systems based on identification of the level of influence of each of these factors. It is concluded that most of the factors in forming and using stress management systems in enterprises are those that are purposefully exposed to influence on the part of the organization, for example, by making decisions, attracting additional resources, increasing the competence of the staff, reviewing the terms of contracts with partners, changing methods of performing work, etc. This is due to the fact that most of the factors considered are factors of the internal environment.
Keywords: deviation, enterprise, system, stress management, management.
Fig.: 1. Bibl.: 15.

Honchar Mykhailo F. – Candidate of Sciences (Economics), Associate Professor, Department of Management and International Business, National University «Lviv Polytechnic» (12 Stepana Bandery Str., Lvіv, 79013, Ukraine)
Email: mykhailo.f.honchar@gmail.com

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Honchar, Mykhailo F. (2017) “Formation and Use of Stress Management Systems in Enterprises.” The Problems of Economy 4:257–262.

List of references in article

Fatenok-Tkachuk, A. O. “Analizuvannia faktoriv vplyvu na rozvytok zovnishnyoekonomichnoi diialnosti mashynobudivnykh pidpryiemstv“ [Analysis of factors influencing the development of foreign economic activity of machine-building enterprises]. Naukovi pratsi KNTU. Ekonomichni nauky, no. 17 (2010): 14-18.
Nahirna, M. Ya. “Etiolohichna diahnostyka eksportno-importnoi diialnosti pidpryiemstv“ [Etiological diagnostics of export-import activity of enterprises]: dys. … kand. ekon. nauk: 08.00.04, 2016.
Malynovska, Yu. B. “Aktyvizuvannia diialnosti pratsivnykiv komunikatsiinoi systemy pidpryiemstv“ [Activation of the employees of the communication system of enterprises]: dys. … kand. ekon. nauk: 08.00.04, 2017.
Putilova, M. D. “Faktory finansovoy ustoychivosti predpriyatiya“ [Factors of financial stability of the enterprise]. Vestnik YuUrGU. Seriya «Ekonomika i menedzhment», no. 20 (2010): 75-79.
Khatatayeva, R. Sh. “Faktory, vliyayushchiye na uroven ekonomicheskogo riska“ [Factors affecting the level of economic risk]. Terra Economicus, no. 9/4 (2011): 46-49.
Minayev, Yu. N. “Analiz faktorov, vliyayushchikh na uroven sotsialno-ekonomicheskogo razvitiya regiona“ [Analysis of factors affecting the level of social and economic development of the region]. Vestnik TGU, no. 1 (2008): 333-338.
Maister, L. A. “Poniattia konkurentospromozhnosti personalu ta faktory yoho formuvannia“ [Concept of staff competitiveness and factors of its formation]. Formuvannia rynkovykh vidnosyn v Ukraini, no. 4 (2012): 222-229.
Kotysh, O. M., and Manzia, O. O. “Formuvannia systemy faktoriv efektyvnosti eksportnykh operatsii“ [Formation of the system of factors of efficiency of export operations]. Biznes Inform, no. 7 (2012): 50-52.
Syrotynska, N. M. “Ekonomichne otsiniuvannia innovatsii mashynobudivnykh pidpryiemstv“ [Economic evaluation of innovations in machine-building enterprises]: dys. … kand. ekon. nauk: 08.00.04, 2015.
Velykyi tlumachnyi slovnyk suchasnoi ukrainskoi movy [Great explanatory dictionary of modern Ukrainian language]. Kyiv; Irpin: Perun, 2002.
Steger, U., and Nedopil, K. Upravleniye kompaniyey v usloviyakh krizisa [Management of the company in a crisis]. SShA: Mezhdunar. finans. korporatsiya, 2010.
Ammari, A. O. “Klasyfikatsiia steikkholderiv na osnovi vzaiemnykh ochikuvan“ [Classification of stakeholders on the basis of mutual expectations]. Aktualni problemy ekonomiky, no. 8 (2012): 150-155.
Momot, T. V., Filatova, I. O., and Konoplina, O. O. “Steikkholder-oriientovanyi pidkhid do zabezpechennia finansovo-ekonomichnoi bezpeky pidpryiemstv“ [Stakeholder-oriented approach to ensuring financial and economic security of enterprises]. Aktualni problemy ekonomiky, no. 8 (2015): 36-44.
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Kolot, A. M., and Hrishnova, O. A. Sotsialna vidpovidalnist: teoriia i praktyka rozvytku [Social responsibility: the theory and practice of development]. Kyiv: KNEU, 2012.


Section: Economics and Enterrprise Management
UDC 658.012.32
Dielini M. M.
Indicators for Assessing the Socio-Economic Responsibility of Entrepreneurship in Ukraine (p. 263 - 270)

The aim of the article is to determine the main indicators that can be used for assessing the socio-economic responsibility of Ukrainian enterprises, and group these indicators by categories of stakeholders. There presented main recipients towards which the socio-economic responsibility of entrepreneurship is directed, namely, enterprise employees; owners (shareholders); consumers of products; suppliers and competitors; society and state. Forms and instruments for realizing the socio-economic responsibility of enterprises (SERE) are presented, and on this basis a system of indicators is developed that can be used in the assessment of the SERE. The indicators have both quantitative and qualitative representation and also provide an opportunity to cover the full scale of the manifestation of the SERE regarding the interest groups. Much attention is paid to the ensuring of profitability of an enterprise (as the main objective of corporate social responsibility, according to A. Carroll), as well as deductions for the development of personnel, both professional and recreational, and for the development of society, welfare of the population in the form of spending on social investment, socially responsible marketing, monetary grants for research, charitable activities, and other tools of the SEPE manifestation.
Keywords: social and economic responsibility of entrepreneurship, corporate social responsibility, personnel, stakeholders, the state, social investments, socially responsible marketing.
Tabl.: 6. Bibl.: 11.

Dielini Maryna M. – Candidate of Sciences (Economics), Associate Professor, Associate Professor, Department of Management, Information and Analytical Activities and European Integration, National Pedagogical Dragomanov University (9 Pyrohova Str., Kyiv, 01601, Ukraine)
Email: marina.dielini@gmail.com

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Reference to this article:
Dielini, Maryna M. (2017) “Indicators for Assessing the Socio-Economic Responsibility of Entrepreneurship in Ukraine.” The Problems of Economy 4:263–270.

List of references in article

Dielini, M. M. “Napriamy ta formy realizatsii sotsialno-ekonomichnoi vidpovidalnosti pidpryiemstva“ [Areas and forms of realization of socio-economic responsibility of the enterprise]. Visnyk Odeskoho natsionalnoho universytetu vol. 21, no. 11 (53) (2016): 17-20.
Dielini, M. M. “Systematyzatsiia instrumentariiu sotsialno-ekonomichnoi vidpovidalnosti pidpryiemstv: teoretychnyi aspekt“ [Systematization of tools for socio-economic responsibility of enterprises: theoretical aspect]. Problemy ekonomiky, no. 4 (2016): 120-126.
Yevtushenko, V. A. “Otsinka korporatyvnoi sotsialnoi vidpovidalnosti: metody, obiekty, pokaznyky“ [Assessment of Corporate Social Responsibility: Methods, Objects, Indicators]. Visnyk NTU “KhPI”, no. 46 (1019) (2013): 53-63.
Sotsialna vidpovidalnist [Social responsibility]. Kyiv: KNEU, 2015.
Lebediev, I. V. “Zabezpechennia hidnoi pratsi na zasadakh korporatyvnoi sotsialnoi vidpovidalnosti“ [Ensuring decent work on the basis of corporate social responsibility]: dys. ... d-ra ekon. nauk: 08.00.07, 2015.
Ohorodnikova, N. “Otsinka rivnia sotsialnoi vidpovidalnosti pidpryiemstv u systemi upravlinnia resursamy Pensiinoho fondu Ukrainy“ [Assessment of the level of social responsibility of enterprises in the resource management system of the Pension Fund of Ukraine]. Skhid, no. 2 (116) (2012): 44-48.
Danylenko, O. A. “Kryterii otsinky rezultatyvnosti upravlinnia sotsialnoiu vidpovidalnistiu na stadiiakh zhyttievoho tsyklu rozvytku orhanizatsii“ [Criteria for evaluating the effectiveness of social responsibility management at the stages of the life cycle of the organization's development]. http://mev-hnu.at.ua/load/mizhnarodna_naukovo_praktichna_internet_konferencija/1formuvannja_ta_ocinka_efektivnosti_funkcionuvannja_mekhanizmiv_upravlinnja_dijalnistju_pidpriemstv/2-1-0-51
Kozyrieva, O. V. “Obgruntuvannia metodychnoho pidkhodu do otsinky korporatyvnoi sotsialnoi vidpovidalnosti farmatsevtychnoho pidpryiemstva“ [Substantiation of methodical approach to the assessment of corporate social responsibility of a pharmaceutical enterprise]. http://socpharm.nuph.edu.ua/files/2013/04/Art-K.pdf
Zhosan, H. V. “Sotsialna vidpovidalnist u zabezpechenni rezultatyvnosti diialnosti pidpryiemstva“ [Social responsibility in ensuring the effectiveness of the enterprise]: dys. … kand. ekon. nauk: 08.00.04, 2014.
Antoshko, T. R. “Mekhanizm vprovadzhennia korporatyvnoi sotsialnoi vidpovidalnosti na promyslovykh pidpryiemstvakh“ [The mechanism of introduction of corporate social responsibility at industrial enterprises]: dys. … kand. ekon. nauk: 08.00.04, 2012.
Sukhoterina, M. I. “Mekhanizm sotsialnoi vidpovidalnosti u stratehii korporatyvnoho upravlinnia mashynobudivnoho pidpryiemstva“ [The mechanism of social responsibility in the strategy of corporate management of the machine-building enterprise]: dys. ... kand. ekon. nauk: 08.00.04, 2015.


Section: Economics and Enterrprise Management
UDC 657.62:630*67
Ievdokymov V. V., Dzyubenko O. M.
Economic Analysis in the System of Financial Planning of Forestry Enterprises (p. 271 - 279)

The aim of the article is to develop organizational and methodological provisions of economic analysis of forestry enterprises’ financial plans as a result of financial planning. The importance of financial planning as a basis for developing managerial decisions regarding the financial potential is substantiated. The characteristic of the development stages and the importance of financial potential in countries of the world is given. The stages of forecasting as the basis of enterprises’ financial plans are considered. The composition of the subsystems, methods and functions of financial planning highlighted in the scientific literature is investigated. The place of economic analysis in financial planning and in the system of financial planning of an enterprise’s economic activity is determined. There identified the directions of information disclosure in a financial plan: formation of financial results, budget settlements, cash flow, capital investments, ratio analysis, financial status, breakdown of individual items. The prospect for further research is to determine the order of applying the analytical procedures for each of these directions of economic analysis to justify the application of the analytical procedures for assessing financial potential on the basis of financial plans of forestry enterprises. This will allow to create information space for managing the financial potential of a forestry enterprise to achieve its tactical and strategic goals.
Keywords: economic analysis, financial potential, principle of business continuity, forestry enterprises, financial status of an enterprise.
Fig.: 1. Tabl.: 4. Bibl.: 13.

Ievdokymov Viktor V. – Doctor of Sciences (Economics), Professor, Rector, Zhytomyr State Technological University (103 Chudnivska Str., Zhytomyr, 10005, Ukraine)
Email: rector@ztu.edu.ua
Dzyubenko Oleg M. – Applicant, Department of Accounting and Auditing, Zhytomyr State Technological University (103 Chudnivska Str., Zhytomyr, 10005, Ukraine)

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Ievdokymov, Viktor V., and Dzyubenko, Oleg M. (2017) “Economic Analysis in the System of Financial Planning of Forestry Enterprises.” The Problems of Economy 4:271–279.

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Bila, O. H. Finansove planuvannia i prohnozuvannia [Financial planning and forecasting]. Lviv: Kompakt-LV, 2005.
Bortnik, S. M. “Pryntsypy ta rol finansovoho planuvannia v zabezpechenni rozvytku pidpryiemstva“ [Principles and the role of financial planning in ensuring enterprise development]. Visnyk Natsionalnoho universytetu “Lvivska politekhnika”. 2015. http://www.irbis-nbuv.gov.ua/cgi-bin/irbis_nbuv/cgiirbis_64.exe?I21DBN=LINK&P21DBN=UJRN&Z21ID=&S21REF=10&S21CNR=20&S21STN=1&S21FMT=ASP_meta&C21COM=S&2_S21P03=FILA=&2_S21STR=VNULPM_2015_819_5
Brazhko, O. V. “Finansovyi potentsial pidpryiemstva yak rezultat vzaiemodii usikh elementiv systemy finansovykh vidnosyn“ [The financial potential of the company as a result of the interaction of all elements of the financial relations system]. Prometei, no. 3 (36) (2011): 289-292.
Vasiurenko, O. V., and Hnyp, N. O. “Planuvannia finansovoho potentsialu pidpryiemstva v postkryzovykh umovakh“ [Planning of the financial potential of the enterprise in the post-crisis conditions]. Financial and credit activity problems of theory and practice. 2011. http://fkd.org.ua/article/view/28938
Hrynyova, V. M. Finansy pidpryiemstv [Business Finance]. Kyiv: Znannia-Pres, 2013.
Huzenko, O. P. “Finansove planuvannia na promyslovykh pidpryiemstvakh“ [Financial planning at industrial enterprises]. Finansy Ukrainy, no. 11 (2003): 73-76.
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Korkuna, D. M. “Finansove prohnozuvannia yak osnova finansovykh planiv pidpryiemstva“ [Financial forecasting as the basis of the company's financial plans]. http://vlp.com.ua/node/804
Kostyrko, A. H. “Formuvannia i vykorystannia finansovoho potentsialu silskohospodarskykh pidpryiemstv“ [Formation and use of financial potential of agricultural enterprises]. Hlobalni ta natsionalni problemy ekonomiky. 2015. http://global-national.in.ua/vipusk-1-2014/155-kostirko-a-g-agrolizing-yak-dzherelo-formuvannya-finansovogo-potentsialu-silskogospodarskikh-pidpriemstv
Oganyan, M. Sh. “Sovershenstvovaniye sistemy finansovogo planirovaniya i kontrolya v organizatsiyakh“ [Improving the system of financial planning and control in organizations]: dis. … kand. ekon. nauk: 08.00.10, 2014.
Tolpezhnikov, R. O. “Sutnist ta metodyka otsiniuvannia finansovoho potentsialu pidpryiemstva“ [Essence and method of estimation of financial potential of the enterprise]. Naukovo-tekhnichna biblioteka PDTU. 2013. http://eir.pstu.edu/handle/123456789/6155
Chobitok, V. I., and Astapova, O. V. “Rozrobka stratehii upravlinnia finansovym potentsialom pidpryiemstv“ [Developing a strategy for managing the financial potential of enterprises]. Visnyk ekonomiky transportu i promyslovosti. 2015. http://btie.kart.edu.ua/article/view/51137


Section: Economics and Enterrprise Management
UDC 658.336+[330.81/86]:65.011.12
Kovalyov V. M., Yakovlieva Y. V.
Socio-Economic Basis of Systems for Managing Machine-Building Enterprises (p. 280 - 288)

The scientific approaches to the formation of the socio-economic methodology of enterprise management are systematized. The components of the process of social transformation of economic methods for enterprise management into social and economic ones are justified with the aim of ensuring the social priorities of production and the corresponding interests of the hired personnel. Based on the retrospective analysis, the laws of development of socio-economic management methods in economic theory are highlighted, which proves the historical necessity of their social orientation. The methodology for quantitative determination of the degree of distributive relations between capital and hired labor is proposed in accordance with the structure of labor potential in view of its new (author’s) social and economic concept, which provides for the calculation of legally established and mandatory social standards. The obtained results allowed to form the author’s vision of the social paradigm of enterprise management systems, which underlies the principles of priority of the social foundations of the management methodology for managing the production sphere in order to facilitate realizing the idea of socialization of society.
Keywords: methods and systems of management, functions of wages, incentives, labor effectiveness, financial management.
Fig.: 3. Tabl.: 3. Formulae: 3. Bibl.: 16.

Kovalyov Valeriy M. – Doctor of Sciences (Economics), Professor, Professor, Department of Economics of Enterprises and Management, Educational-Scientific Professional-Pedagogical Institute of the Ukrainian Engineering Pedagogical Academy (Bakhmut) (9a Nosakova Str., Bakhmut, Donetsk region, 84500, Ukraine)
Email: epmuipa@ukr.net
Yakovlieva Yuliia V. – Senior Lecturer, Department of Economics of Enterprises and Management, Educational-Scientific Professional-Pedagogical Institute of the Ukrainian Engineering Pedagogical Academy (Bakhmut) (9a Nosakova Str., Bakhmut, Donetsk region, 84500, Ukraine)
Email: yuliyayak@i.ua

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Reference to this article:
Kovalyov, Valeriy M., and Yakovlieva, Yuliia V. (2017) “Socio-Economic Basis of Systems for Managing Machine-Building Enterprises.” The Problems of Economy 4:280–288.

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Kovalyov, V. M., and Ataieva, O. A. “Sotsialni naslidky rozvytku liudskoi pratsi“ [Social implications of human labor development]. Ekonomika Ukrainy, no. 11 (2016): 9-11.
Kovalyov, V. M., and Ataieva, O. A. “Naukovi pidkhody do vyznachennia rivnia oplaty pratsi v Ukraini“ [Scientific approaches to determining the level of remuneration in Ukraine]. Ekonomika Ukrainy, no. 4 (2017): 67-79.
Belopolskiy, N. G. Environika - nauka budushchego razvitiya chelovechestva [Environments are the science of the future development of mankind]. Donetsk: In-t ekonomiki promyshlennosti, 2007.
Mekhanizm perekhodu ekonomiky Ukrainy na innovatsiinu model rozvytku [The mechanism of transition of the Ukrainian economy to the innovative model of development]. Donetsk: In-t ekonomiky promyslovosti NAN Ukrainy, 2002.
Bulanov, V. S. Osnovy sotsialno-ekonomicheskoy teorii razvitiya cheloveka [Fundamentals of the socio-economic theory of human development]. Moscow: Prospekt, 2014.
Moiseienko, K. Ye. “Metodolohichni pidkhody do vyznachennia pokaznykiv i kharakterystyk funktsionuvannia i rozvytku sotsialno-ekonomichnoi systemy suspilstva“ [Methodological approaches to the definition of indicators and characteristics of the functioning and development of socio-economic system of society]. Rozvytok ekonomichnykh metodiv upravlinnia natsionalnoiu ekonomikoiu ta ekonomikoiu pidpryiemstva vol. 12 (2011): 581-589.
Kovalev, V. N. Trud i yego sotsialnyye posledstviya [Labor and its social consequences]. Kharkiv: Smuhasta typografiia, 2017.
Kovalev, V. N. Rol truda v formirovanii obshchestvennykh otnosheniy [The role of labor in the formation of social relations]. Kharkiv: NTMT, 2015.


Section: Economics and Enterrprise Management
UDC 658:005.932.5
Kuzmin O. Y., Telishevska O. B., Ovcharuk V. V.
Foreign Experience in Formation and Management of Procurement Logistics Costs of Enterprises (p. 289 - 295)

The purpose of the article is to study and generalize the foreign experience in formation and management of procurement logistics costs of enterprises. The main stages of development of procurement logistics operations of enterprises in economically developed countries are described and characterized. The successful foreign practice of using the multistage integration method to optimize the procurement logistics costs is studied. The foreign experience in introducing modern information technologies is diagnosed for improving the processes of managing the procurement logistics costs. The Polish experience in formation and management of procurement logistics costs of enterprises is analyzed. The importance of managing procurement logistics costs of enterprises within the framework of specific logistics projects is underlined. There analyzed the use of outsourcing of procurement logistics services to optimize the corresponding expenses in economically developed countries of the world. The foreign experience in cooperation of companies with various logistics operators in the implementation of procurement logistics activities for rational management of relevant costs is studied. The characteristic of logistics operators and corresponding models of logistics outsourcing is given. Prospects for further research in this area are identification of promising areas for introducing successful foreign tools for formation and management of procurement logistics costs of enterprises in domestic realities.
Keywords: administration, procurement logistics costs , logistics, enterprise.
Fig.: 1. Tabl.: 1. Bibl.: 14.

Kuzmin Oleh Ye. – Doctor of Sciences (Economics), Professor, Director, Scientific-Educational Institute of Economics and Management of the Lviv Polytechnic National University (5 Mytropolyta Andreia Str., Lviv, 79013, Ukraine)
Email: oleh.y.kuzmin@lpnu.ua
Telishevska Olha B. – Candidate of Sciences (Economics), Assistant, Department of Enterprise Economics and Investment, National University «Lviv Polytechnic» (12 Stepana Bandery Str., Lvіv, 79013, Ukraine)
Email: olha.b.telishevska@lpnu.ua
Ovcharuk Vadym V. – Candidate of Sciences (Economics), Associate Professor, Associate Professor, Department of Foreign Economic and Customs Activities, National University «Lviv Polytechnic» (12 Stepana Bandery Str., Lvіv, 79013, Ukraine)
Email: vadym.v.ovcharuk@gmail.com

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Kuzmin, Oleh Ye., Telishevska, Olha B., and Ovcharuk, Vadym V. (2017) “Foreign Experience in Formation and Management of Procurement Logistics Costs of Enterprises.” The Problems of Economy 4:289–295.

List of references in article

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Yermoshin, V. A. “Klyuchevyye pokazateli effektivnosti kak instrument upravleniya logistikoy snabzheniya MTR“ [Key performance indicators as management tools logistics supply MTR]. Matematika i informatsionnyye tekhnologii v neftegazovom komplekse, no. 2 (2015): 53-70.
Sybiriakova, I. H., and Kocharova, T. R. “Perspektyvy rozvytku ERP-system na pidpryiemstvakh kharchuvannia i restorannoho hospodarstva“ [Prospects for the development of ERP systems on the enterprises of the food and restaurant industry]. Prohresyvni tekhnika ta tekhnolohii kharchovykh vyrobnytstv restorannoho hospodarstva i torhivli, no. 2 (2010): 502-509.
Horbenko, O. V., and Tsarenok, T. Yu. “Suchasni informatsiini systemy upravlinnia skladom“ [Today's information warehouse management system]. Upravlinnia proektamy, systemnyi analiz i lohistyka. Tekhnichna seriia, no. 7 (2010): 255-257.
Antonov, G. D., Ivanova, O. P., and Bodrenkov, A. V. “Sovershenstvovaniye upravleniya snabzheniyem v mnogootraslevom kholdinge“ [Improving supply chain management in a diversified holding company]. Nauka i mir vol. 1, no. 10 (14) (2014): 111-116.
Kopets, K. “Funktsionuvannia rynku lohistychnykh posluh v Polshchi“ [The functioning of the market for logistics services in Poland]. Universytetski naukovi zapysky, no. 3 (23) (2017): 306-311.
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Yakunina, Yu. S., and Okolnishnikova, I. Yu. “Tendentsii razvitiya sovremennogo rynka logisticheskikh uslug v Rossii“ [Development trends of modern logistics market in Russia]. Vestnik Yuzhno-Uralskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya: Ekonomika i menedzhment vol. 8, no. 1 (2014): 136-140.
Goryacheva, N. Ye., Voronin, M. V., and Kokhova, L. V. “Protsessnyy podkhod v upravlenii deyatelnostyu logisticheskogo operatora skladskikh uslug“ [Process approach in the management of the logistics operator of warehouse services]. Sovremennyye issledovaniya sotsialnykh problem, no. 3 (23) (2013): 36-47.
Rydzkowski, W., and Trzuskawska-Grzesinska, A. “Rozwoj logistyki kontraktowej 3PL i 4PL na swiecie i w Polsce“ http://www.logistyka.net.pl/bank-wiedzy/item/download/1510_61ebdd4e01f90962ab28c6f92f2adbe6
Dementev, A. V. Kontraktnaya logistika [Contract logistics]. St. Petersburg: Knizhnyy Dom, 2013.
“European logistics gaining momentum: property times“ http://www.cushmanwakefield.pl/pl-pl/research-and-insight/2016/european-logistics-gains-momentum-with-positive-2016-in-prospect/


Section: Economics and Enterrprise Management
UDC 331.101.3:334.722
Luhova V. M., Yermolenko O. A.
Socio-Psychological Aspects of Entrepreneurial Motivation (p. 296 - 301)

The aim of the article is to study entrepreneurial motivation and socio-psychological aspects that determine it. In the article, the urgency of the study of socio-psychological aspects of motivation is substantiated. The list and essence of concepts related to the concept “motivation” are specified. The features of personal needs of entrepreneurs are determined. The groups of entrepreneurial motives are considered. The psychological properties of an entrepreneur’s personality are examined. The role of the positive self-identity in providing entrepreneurial motivation is substantiated. The values and value orientations typical for entrepreneurs are determined. The peculiarities of the Ukrainian mentality that are most clearly traced in the activity and behavior of entrepreneurs are considered. Specific features of normative regulation of human behavior in modern society are determined.
Keywords: motivation, entrepreneurial activity, entrepreneurial motivation, socio-psychological aspects of motivation.
Tabl.: 1. Bibl.: 24.

Luhova Viktoriia M. – Candidate of Sciences (Economics), Associate Professor, Associate Professor, Department of Economics and Social Sciences, Simon Kuznets Kharkiv National University of Economics (9a Nauky Ave., Kharkіv, 61166, Ukraine)
Email: lugovavika@gmail.com
Yermolenko Oleksii A. – Candidate of Sciences (Economics), Associate Professor, Associate Professor, Department of Economics and Social Sciences, Simon Kuznets Kharkiv National University of Economics (9a Nauky Ave., Kharkіv, 61166, Ukraine)
Email: oleksii.yermolenko@m.hneu.edu.ua

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Luhova, Viktoriia M., and Yermolenko, Oleksii A. (2017) “Socio-Psychological Aspects of Entrepreneurial Motivation.” The Problems of Economy 4:296–301.

List of references in article

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Doronina, M. S. et al. Mekhanizm motyvatsii upravlinskoho personalu [Mechanism of motivation of management personnel]. Kharkiv: AdvA tm, 2010.
Kolot, A. M. Motyvatsiia personalu [Motivation of staff]. Kyiv: KNEU, 2002.
Semykina, M. V. Sotsialno-ekonomichna motyvatsiia pratsi: metodolohiia otsinky efektyvnosti ta pryntsypy rehuliuvannia [Socio-economic motivation of labor: methodology for assessing the effectiveness and principles of regulation]. Kirovohrad: KOD, 2009.
Treysi, B. Motivatsiya [Motivation]. Moscow: Mann, 2014.
Forsyth, P. How to Motivate People London: Kogan Page, 2012.
Akimova, O. Ye. Motivatsiya predprinimatelskogo truda: teoriya i praktika [Motivation of entrepreneurial work: theory and practice]. Volgograd: VolgGTU, 2012.
Karamushka, L. M., and Khudiakova, N. Yu. Motyvatsiia pidpryiemnytskoi diialnosti [Motivation of entrepreneurial activity]. Kyiv; Lviv: Spolom, 2011.
Prodanova, L. V., and Kotliarevskyi, O. V. “Doslidzhennia motyvatsiinoho mekhanizmu pidpryiemnytskoi diialnosti yak umovy efektyvnoho inkubuvannia biznesu v natsionalnii ekonomitsi“ [Investigation of the motivational mechanism of entrepreneurial activity as a condition for effective incubation of business in the national economy]. Intelekt XXI, no. 1 (2017): 96-103.
Stankevich, L., and Polyakova, P. “Motivatsiya kak protsess i vid dukhovnoy deyatelnosti“ [Motivation as a process and type of spiritual activity]. Filosofiya i obshchestvo, no. 2 (2004): 125-134.
Vodopyanov, K. H. “Sotsialno-filosofskyi analiz motyvatsiinoho protsesu: mozhlyvosti rezonansnoho upravlinnia“ [Socio-philosophical analysis of the motivational process: the possibility of resonant control]. Humanitarnyi visnyk Zaporizkoi derzhavnoi inzhenernoi akademii, no. 37 (2009): 112-122.
Khalin, S. M. Sotsiologiya predprinimatelstva: (popytka teoreticheskoy interpretatsii poniatiya) [Sociology of Entrepreneurship: (an attempt at a theoretical interpretation of the concept)]. Tyumen: TyumGU, 2004.
Khudiakova, N. Yu. “Psykholohichni osoblyvosti motyvatsii pidpryiemnytskoi diialnosti“ [Psychological peculiarities of motivation of entrepreneurial activity]. IV Nauk.-prakt. konf. z orhanizatsiinoi ta ekonomichnoi psykholohii. Kyiv: Naukovyi svit, 2006. 14-15.
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Chernobrodov, Ye. R. et al. Psikhologiya lichnosti: samosoznaniye, samootnosheniye, samoopredeleniye [Psychology of personality: self-awareness, self-relationship, self-determination]. Khabarovsk: Izd-vo Tikhookean. gos. un-ta, 2016.
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Lukyanova, T. V. “Mentalitet i sistema upravleniya personalom“ [Mentality and personnel management system]. Vestnik Voronezhskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya: Ekonomika i upravleniye, no. 1 (2005): 85-89.
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Malafeiev, A. S. “Sotsialno-ekonomichni osnovy motyvatsii pidpryiemnytskoi diialnosti malykh pidpryiemstv“ [Socio-economic bases of motivation of entrepreneurship of small enterprises]: avtoref. dys. ... kand. ekon. nauk: 08.06.01, 2003.


Section: Economics and Enterrprise Management
UDC 658.52:38.24
Serdyukov K. H.
Economic Security of a Company in the Structure of the Mechanism of Corporate Control (p. 302 - 310)

The spread of the corporate form of business management caused the emergence of specific problems associated with the need to harmonize the interests of owners of corporate rights within a single strategic line of conduct of a joint-stock company. The need to identify such problems and create contours for organization of their management regarding them as specific threats to corporate security has determined the direction of the study. That is why the aim of the article is bringing the processes of economic security management of a joint-stock company in line with the processes of distribution and implementation of its corporate control. The basis for achieving this goal is the model of the problematic area of forming a corporate control mechanism of a company based on the stakeholder approach to defining goals and objectives of corporate control. At the same time, the organization of corporate security management is based on the introduced classification criterion of threats. This criterion allows identifying specific threats that arise specifically in the sphere of corporate relations. The adoption of an architectural approach to the description of the mechanism of corporate control enabled determining the relationship between threats of different hierarchical levels. Management of the level of security is based on the introduction of practices to counter the threats that within the architectural model of a company are associated with stakeholders.
Keywords: corporate control, economic security, joint-stock company, corporate architecture, stakeholder interests.
Fig.: 5. Bibl.: 23.

Serdyukov Konstantin H. – Candidate of Sciences (Economics), Associate Professor, Director, Kharkiv Institute of Finance of the Kyiv National University of Trade and Economics (5 Pletnovskyi Lane, Kharkov, 61003, Ukraine)
Email: koges@ukr.net

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Reference to this article:
Serdyukov, Konstantin H. (2017) “Economic Security of a Company in the Structure of the Mechanism of Corporate Control.” The Problems of Economy 4:302–310.

List of references in article

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Gritans, Ya. M. Korporativnyye otnosheniya: Pravovoye regulirovaniye organizatsionnykh form [Corporate relations: Legal regulation of organizational forms]. Moscow: Volters Kluver, 2005.
Hutsaliuk, O. M. “Kontseptualni zasady zabezpechennia ekonomichnoi bezpeky korporatyvnykh intehratsiinykh protsesiv“ [Conceptual principles of ensuring the economic security of corporate integration processes]. Problemy ekonomiky, no. 3 (2016): 144-152.
Zaynullin, S. B., and Krykanov, D. V. “Strukturirovaniye kholdingov kak metod povysheniya korporativnoy bezopasnosti (na primere gruppy Fosagro)“ [Structuring of holdings as a method of increasing corporate security (by the example of the group Phosagro)]. Ekonomika i predprinimatelstvo, no. 2 (44) (2017): 39-4.
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Kozachenko, H. V., and Pohorelov, Yu. S. “Pro deiaki problemy u suchasnii ekonomichnii bezpekolohii“ [About some problems in modern economic safety]. Upravlinnia proektamy ta rozvytok vyrobnytstva, no. 3 (55) (2015): 6-18.
Kolesnikova, H. A. “Otchetnost kak instrument korporativnogo kontrolya“ [Reporting as an instrument of corporate control]. Vestnik SamGU, no. 4 (30) (2007): 87-93.
Korezin, A. S. Korporativnyye mekhanizmy obespecheniya ekonomicheskoy bezopasnosti predpriyatiya [Corporate mechanisms to ensure the economic security of the enterprise]. St. Petersburg: SPGUVK, 2008.
Kurkin, N. V. Upravleniye ekonomicheskoy bezopasnostyu razvitiya predpriyatiya [Management of economic security of enterprise development]. Dnepropetrovsk: ART-PRESS, 2004.
Liashenko, O. M. Kontseptualizatsiia upravlinnia ekonomichnoiu bezpekoiu pidpryiemstva [Conceptualization of management of economic safety of the enterprise]. Kyiv: NISD, 2015.
Nikiforova, E. G., and Paley, T. F. Korporativnyy kontrol v sisteme upravleniya organizatsiey [Corporate control in the organization management system]. Kazan: Kazanskiy un-t, 2013.
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Popov, O. Ye., Kotov, A. M., and Zaitseva, T. H. Rozpodil i realizatsiia korporatyvnoho kontroliu pry formuvanni kapitalu aktsionernoho tovarystva [Distribution and realization of corporate control in formation of capital of a joint-stock company]. Kharkiv: VD "INZhEK", 2009.
Rohatina, L. P. “Korporatyvnyi kontrol v systemi upravlinnia ekonomichnoiu bezpekoiu pidpryiemstva“ [Corporate control in the system of economic security management of the enterprise]. Ekonomika kharchovoi promyslovosti vol. 7, no. 4 (2015): 52-59.
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Skibitskyi, L. I. et al. Stratehichne upravlinnia korporatsiiamy [Strategic management of corporations]. Kyiv: TsUL, 2016.
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Section: Economics and Enterrprise Management
UDC 631.11.005(477)
Pyvovar P. V., Shlapak M. A.
Technical and Technological Support of Agricultural Enterprises on the Basis of Association Interaction: a Methodical Approach (p. 311 - 318)

The aim of the research is the development of a methodical approach to justifying directions of association interaction of agricultural enterprises for the most effective technical and technological support of their economic activities. It is substantiated that the decision-making regarding the directions of group interaction in the field of forming and using the machine and tractor fleet of agricultural enterprises should be based on results of a strategic analysis of the current level of and trends in the changes in indicators of their technical support. This includes several stages: 1) determining a scenario for the development of the technical base of the economic entity (matrix methods); 2) multifactor grouping taking into account the available equipment and resource potential; 3) identification of potential sources of financing and ways of attracting necessary funds, priority partners and types of equipment and technologies; 4) estimation of a current condition of the enterprise on financial, technical, economic and market criteria; 5) substantiation of directions of group interaction of the enterprise.
Keywords: agricultural enterprise, agricultural machinery, technical and technological support, association interaction, agricultural service cooperative, machine and tractor fleet.
Tabl.: 7. Formulae: 1. Bibl.: 13.

Pyvovar Petro V. – Candidate of Sciences (Economics), Associate Professor, Associate Professor, Department of International Economic Relations and European Integration, Polissia National University (7 Staryi Blvd, Zhytomyr, 10008, Ukraine)
Email: petro.pyvovar@polissiauniver.edu.ua
Shlapak Maksym A. – Postgraduate Student, Zhytomyr National Agroecological University (7 Staryi Bivd., Zhytomyr, 10008, Ukraine)
Email: maxim.shlapak@gmail.com

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Pyvovar, Petro V., and Shlapak, Maksym A. (2017) “Technical and Technological Support of Agricultural Enterprises on the Basis of Association Interaction: a Methodical Approach.” The Problems of Economy 4:311–318.

List of references in article

Honcharenko, V. V. “Kontseptsiia neprybutkovoi pryrody kooperatyviv“ [Concept of non-profit nature of cooperatives]. Problemy rozvytku spozhyvchoi kooperatsii Ukrainy v rynkovomu seredovyshchi vol. 1 (1998): 131-138.
Horbonos, F. V. Kooperatsiia: metodolohichni i metodychni osnovy [Cooperation: methodological and methodological foundations]. Lviv: Lviv. derzh. ahrar. un-t, 2003.
Zinovchuk, V. V. Orhanizatsiini osnovy silskohospodarskoho kooperatyvu [Organizational fundamentals of the agricultural cooperative]. Kyiv: Lohos, 2001.
Zinovchuk, V. V., and Tkachuk, V. I. “Rol kooperatsii u realizatsii dyversyfikatsiinykh namiriv silskohospodarskykh tovarovyrobnykiv“ [The role of co-operation in implementing diversification intentions of agricultural producers]. Visnyk ZhNAEU, no. 2 (2) (2011): 131-140.
Malik, I. “Kooperatsiia v silskomu hospodarstvi: stan ta perspektyvy“ [Cooperation in agriculture: state and prospects]. Ekonomichni nauky. Seriia: Oblik i finansy, no. 6 (1) (2009): 55-65.
Malik, M. I. “Naukovo-metodychne zabezpechennia rozvytku kooperatsii v ahrarnii sferi“ [Scientific and methodological support for the development of cooperation in the agrarian sector]. Ekonomika APK, no. 12 (2010): 103-108.
Moldavan, L. V. Rol silskohospodarskykh obsluhovuiuchykh kooperatyviv u reorhanizatsii KSP [The role of agricultural servicing cooperatives in the reorganization of the PCB]. Kyiv: Tasis, 2000.
Moldavan, L. V., Krysanov, D. F., and Udova, L. O. “Rol kooperatyviv u podolanni silskoi bidnosti“ [Role of cooperatives in overcoming rural poverty]. Ekonomika APK, no. 11 (2010): 121-129.
Panteleimonenko, A. O. Ahrarna kooperatsiia Ukrainy: teoriia i praktyka [Agrarian Cooperation of Ukraine: Theory and Practice]. Poltava: RVV PUSKU, 2008.
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Ushkarenko, Yu. V., and Soloviov, A. I. “Rozvytok kooperatyvnoho pidpryiemstva yak ahrarnoi vyrobnychoi struktury“ [Development of a cooperative enterprise as an agricultural production structure]. Modern economics, no. 1 (2017): 45-52.
Chayanov, A. V. O selskokhozyaystvennoy kooperatsii: izbr. glavy i stati [On agricultural cooperation: selected chapters and articles]. Saratov: Privolzh. kn. izd-vo, 1989.
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Section: Economic theory
UDC 339.138+330.15
Kniazieva T. V., Radchenko H. A.
Theoretical Prerequisites for the Formation of the Concept of Environmentally Responsible Marketing (p. 319 - 325)

The aim of the article is to study the evolution of theoretical approaches to the problems related to the ecological and economic interaction of economic entities and clarify the essential characteristics of the economic component of environmentally responsible marketing. By analyzing, systematizing and summarizing scientific works of domestic and foreign scientists, the evolution of marketing concepts is considered, the views of researchers on the definition of the concepts “social marketing”, “environmental marketing” are systematized. As a result of the research, the advantages and disadvantages of the existing definitions of “green” marketing are highlighted. The main characteristics of the concept “environmentally responsible marketing” are formulated in the context of the concepts of sustainable development and socially responsible marketing. Prospects for further research in this area are: the infrastructure of environmentally responsible marketing; a conceptual justification of the methodology for building an environmentally responsible marketing system; factors and models of modern economic growth with consideration for the environmental factor, etc.
Keywords: “green” marketing, environmental marketing, environmentally responsible marketing, marketing concepts, corporate social responsibility.
Tabl.: 2. Bibl.: 13.

Kniazieva Tetiana V. – Doctor of Sciences (Economics), Associate Professor, Professor, Department of Marketing, National Aviation University (1 Lubomyra Husara Ave., Kyiv, 03058, Ukraine)
Email: tatiana.kniazieva2017@gmail.com
Radchenko Hanna A. – Candidate of Sciences (Economics), Associate Professor, Associate Professor, Department of Marketing, National Aviation University (1 Lubomyra Husara Ave., Kyiv, 03058, Ukraine)
Email: annrad.01@gmail.com

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Kniazieva, Tetiana V., and Radchenko, Hanna A. (2017) “Theoretical Prerequisites for the Formation of the Concept of Environmentally Responsible Marketing.” The Problems of Economy 4:319–325.

List of references in article

Bozhuk, S. G., and Maslova, T. D. “Razvitiye instrumentariya sotsialno-otvetstvennogo marketinga“ [Development of tools for socially responsible marketing]. Problemy sovremennoy ekonomiki, no. 1 (41) (2012): 199-213.
Bratanich, B. V. “Stanovlennia sotsialno oriientovanoho marketynhu yak suspilnoho fenomena“ [Formation of socially oriented marketing as a social phenomenon]. Multyversum. Filosofskyi almanakh, no. 45 (2007): 14-25.
Kuziak, V. V., and Stasiuk, N. R. “Kontseptsii sotsialnoi vidpovidalnosti biznesu“ [Concepts of social responsibility of business]. Marketynh ta lohistyka v systemi menedzhmentu. Lviv: Vyd-vo Lvivskoi politekhniky, 2012. 231-232.
Kozub, N. “Marketynh i ekolohiia: osoblyvosti i perspektyvy“ [Marketing and ecology: features and perspectives]. Ahrarnyi visnyk Prychornomoria. Ekonomichni nauky, no. 49 (2009): 123-134.
Melnik, L. G. Ekologicheskaya ekonomika [Ecological economics]. Sumy: Universitetskaya kniga, 2001.
Rymar, I. A. “Sotsialna vidpovidalnist v systemi korporatyvnoho upravlinnia“ [Social responsibility in the corporate governance system]. Visnyk Khmelnytskoho natsionalnoho universytetu vol. 1, no. 2 (2010): 65-67.
Sadchenko, Ye. V. Printsipy i kontseptsii ekologicheskogo marketinga [Principles and concepts of environmental marketing]. Odessa: Astroprint, 2002.
Unarova, Ya. N. “Primeneniye sovremennoy kontseptsii marketinga v kooperativnykh predpriyatiyakh“ [The application of modern marketing concepts in cooperative enterprises]. Kazanskaya nauka, no. 1 (2009): 293-298.
Ustoychivoye razvitiye: teoriya, metodologiya, praktika [Sustainable development: theory, methodology, practice]. Sumy: Universitetskaya kniga, 2009.
Shapran, O. Ye. “Rol ekolohichnoho marketynhu u formuvanni imidzhu sotsialno-vidpovidalnoho biznesu“ [The role of environmental marketing in shaping the image of socially responsible business]. Upravlinnia proektamy ta rozvytok vyrobnytstva, no. 2 (42) (2012): 82-87.
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Section: Economic theory
UDC 339.1
Mardus N. Y.
Theoretical and Methodological Approaches to Determining the Economic Essence of Market as an Economic Category (p. 325 - 329)

The aim of the article is to study theoretical and methodological approaches to determining the economic essence and content of the concept “market” with subsequent clarification and expansion of its interpretation. To achieve the research objective, the following tasks are solved: the prerequisites for the emergence of market, its evolution are investigated, which, in comparison with existing approaches to the definition of market, are considered by the author comprehensively from the perspective of the system and evolutionary approaches. In the article a holistic and thorough examination of the concept “market” from the point of view of the existence of the public economy is carried out and theoretical and methodological approaches to the definition of the concept “market” as an economic category is considered. The results of the research showed that the concept “market” is one of the most widespread and complex categories in economic theory, one of the most common terms in society and is the basis of the market economy.
Keywords: market, market economy, economic category, commodity, economic theory.
Bibl.: 18.

Mardus Nataliia Yu. – Candidate of Sciences (Economics), Associate Professor, Associate Professor, Departmentof of Economic Analysis and Accounting, National Technical University «Kharkiv Polytechnic Institute» (2 Kyrpychova Str., Kharkіv, 61002, Ukraine)
Email: nat_ua@ukr.net

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Mardus, Nataliia Yu. (2017) “Theoretical and Methodological Approaches to Determining the Economic Essence of Market as an Economic Category.” The Problems of Economy 4:325–329.

List of references in article

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Halchynskyi, A., Yeshchenko, P., and Palkin, Yu. I. Osnovy ekonomichnoi teorii [Foundations of economic theory]. Kyiv: Vyshcha shkola, 2007.
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Vlasov, D. V. “Henezys formuvannia poniattia «rynok»“ [Genesis of the concept of "market"]. Ekonomika APK, no. 4 (2009): 121-124.
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Supikhanov, B. K. Rozvytok rynkiv ahrarnoi produktsii [Development of markets for agrarian products]. Kyiv: NNTs «In-t ahrarnoi ekonomiky», 2009.
Finansovyi rynok [Financial market]. Kyiv: Korporatsiia, 2015.
Zvit (promizhnyi) pro naukovo-doslidnu robotu “Naukovo-metodychni zasady stratehichnoho rozvytku strakhovoho rynku Ukrainy” za temoiu “Formuvannia strakhovoho rynku Ukrainy v konteksti staloho rozvytku” [Report (intermediate) on the research work "Scientific and methodological principles of strategic development of the insurance market of Ukraine" on the topic "Formation of the insurance market of Ukraine in the context of sustainable development"]. Sumy: DVNZ “Ukrainska akademiia bankivskoi spravy NBU”, 2008.
Senyshyn, O. S., and Dziubenko, N. O. “Teoretychni zasady doslidzhennia prodovolchoho rynku“ [Theoretical basis for the study of the food market]. Ekonomichnyi visnyk, no. 2 (2013): 164-171.


Section: Economic theory
UDC 339.9:364.2
Tiutiunnykova S. V., Karasik A. O.
Humanization and Optimization of the Structure of Human Needs in the Context of Globalization (p. 330 - 335)

Holistic harmonious development of a person depends on the quantity and quality of the needs being met. A vector of social and economic development aimed at maximizing rather than harmonious satisfaction of needs destroys the holistic human reproduction, turns a person into a consumer. The article is dedicated to the issue of humanizing the system of needs and optimizing its structure, which expand the conditions for holistic human development. The modern transformation of the structure of needs, which takes place in the context of globalization, occurs under the stringent pressure of many objective and subjective factors that sometimes have a multidirectional and contradictory impact on the system of needs. Needs are in the state of movement, development, expansion; the structure of needs is complex, multilevel, hierarchical. An important task for economic practice is the creation of mechanisms for external and internal restriction of excessive needs, formation of effective social norms of personal consumption. The search for a new vector of civilized socio-economic development should be oriented toward such structural changes in the system of human needs that will be formed under the influence of humanization, which ensures the balance of structural elements. The progress of humanity is not confined to the restriction of needs of a person, it is associated with the development of his/her abilities, with such dynamic and structural changes in the system of needs that contribute to the development and realization of abilities of a person. Among the main directions of the transformation of the structure of human needs in the context of the spread of the contradictory impact of globalization there can be separately singled out the acceleration of the quantitative dynamics of the growth of needs, changes in their quality, improvement of the forms and methods for their satisfaction; growth of interethnic and intra-national gaps in the volume and structure of needs; institutionalization of personal consumption and its transformation into a factor of economic growth; identification of demand as the leading factor in building social identity.
Keywords: human needs, free and converted forms, consumer society, exaltation of needs, humanization.
Bibl.: 17.

Tiutiunnykova Svetlana V. – Doctor of Sciences (Economics), Professor, Professor, Department of Economic Theory and Economic Methods of Management, V. N. Karazin Kharkiv National University (4 Svobody Square, Kharkіv, 61022, Ukraine)
Karasik Anna O. – Postgraduate Student, Department of Economic Theory and Economic Methods of Management, V. N. Karazin Kharkiv National University (4 Svobody Square, Kharkіv, 61022, Ukraine)

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Tiutiunnykova, Svetlana V., and Karasik, Anna O. (2017) “Humanization and Optimization of the Structure of Human Needs in the Context of Globalization.” The Problems of Economy 4:330–335.

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Section: Economic theory
UDC 330.161:330.3:330.36:316.334.2
Smiesova V. L.
Reproduction of Economic Interests as a Nonlinear Dynamical System (p. 336 - 343)

The aim of the article is to define the system characteristics of reproduction of economic interests of actors, substantiate the possibility of its evolutionary and revolutionary development and the nonlinearity of its development in dynamics. The article justifies the main characteristics of the system of reproduction of economic interests. It is proved that in this system stability and variability are complementarily combined as integrated mechanisms of its development in statics and dynamics, assurance of its self-organization and self-restoration, quantitative and qualitative transformation. In its static state, there prevail characteristics of steadiness and leaning towards stability and constancy. In the dynamic state, the main characteristic is variability of the system of reproduction of economic interests, which determines / reacts to the processes of transformation and development of its constituent subsystems, potential opportunities, preferences and economic behavior of actors (changes in the endogenous environment), institutions and establishments, constraints and stabilizers (changes in the exogenous environment). The model of dynamic development of the system for reproduction of economic interests is proposed, the phases of its evolutionary and revolutionary development are substantiated.
Keywords: reproduction, economic interests, system, economic behavior, economic aspirations, formation and realization of economic interests.
Fig.: 2. Bibl.: 10.

Smiesova Viktoria L. – Candidate of Sciences (Economics), Associate Professor, Associate Professor, Department of Theoretical and Applied Economics, Ukrainian State University of Chemical Technology (8 Haharіna Ave., Dnіpro, 49005, Ukraine)
Email: smesova_vl@ukr.net

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Smiesova, Viktoria L. (2017) “Reproduction of Economic Interests as a Nonlinear Dynamical System.” The Problems of Economy 4:336–343.

List of references in article

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Section: Economic theory
UDC 65.014.1;338.24;338.14
Sharko M. V., Gusarina N. V.
Transformation of the Terminological Apparatus of Economic Development of Innovation Activity under Conditions of Dynamic Changes in the External Environment (p. 344 - 350)

The aim of the article is to analyze the content interpretation of categorical concepts of economic development of production functioning under conditions of dynamic changes in the exploitation of the external environment. The article presents the author’s interpretation of the concepts of economic development and economic growth under conditions of dynamic changes in the external environment. The urgency of unification and systematization of the main interpretations of economic growth as a means of choosing and using certain management solutions under specific production conditions is substantiated. Based on the construction of the Ishikawa diagram, the reasons and difficulties of the economic growth of enterprises are graded. The conditions and factors of the conceptual apparatus of innovation activity under uncertainty are structured. It is shown that the complex application of iterative methods and methods of factor analysis provides a holistic perception of the dominant tendencies of economic development under conditions of dynamic changes in the external environment.
Keywords: innovations, economic development, economic growth, conceptual apparatus, reasons, trends.
Fig.: 3. Bibl.: 18.

Sharko Margarita V. – Doctor of Sciences (Economics), Professor, Head of the Department, Department of Economics and Entrepreneurship, Kherson National Technical University (24 Beryslavske Chss., Kherson, 73008, Ukraine)
Email: mvsharko@gmail.com
Gusarina Nataliya V. – Candidate of Sciences (Economics), Associate Professor, Department of Economics and Entrepreneurship, Kherson National Technical University (24 Beryslavske Chss., Kherson, 73008, Ukraine)
Email: gusarina@ukr.net

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Sharko, Margarita V., and Gusarina, Nataliya V. (2017) “Transformation of the Terminological Apparatus of Economic Development of Innovation Activity under Conditions of Dynamic Changes in the External Environment.” The Problems of Economy 4:344–350.

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Pyroh, O. V. “Stratehichni perspektyvy ekonomichnoho rozvytku natsionalnoi ekonomiky Ukrainy“ [Strategic prospects of economic development of the national economy of Ukraine]. Biznes Inform, no. 11 (2011): 32-34.
Korniichuk, L. “Ekonomichne zrostannia i stalyi rozvytok“ [Economic growth and sustainable development]. Ekonomika Ukrainy, no. 3 (2008): 84-91.
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Section: Finance and banking
UDC 338.2/339.7:336.7
Vartsaba V. I., Mostipaka O. V.
Alternative Monetary Systems in the Context of Managing the National Economy (p. 351 - 362)

The aim of the article is to investigate alternative monetary systems, each of which can be an algorithm for managing the national economy. By analyzing, systematizing and summarizing the scientific works of both foreign and domestic scientists, it is established that money is a phenomenon capable of managing the socio-economic relations in the time and space development coordinates following the institutionalized functioning algorithms. There justified the informational nature of money, i.e., that money is artificial information, a peculiar way of understanding social and economic relations, since the monetary subsystem is algorithmizing social and economic relations and is a derivative of the functioning and development of the national economy. The effectiveness of the national currency depends on the built-in algorithms of its functioning, which are realized in the model of the national economy. The study reflects the basic variations of potential alternative monetary systems. In particular, world money, the issuers of which are highly developed countries; S. Gesell’s “free money”; S. Sharapov’s “absolute money”; money secured by commodity values; private money; virtual money — electronic money and crypto currency, etc. Given that the socio-economic system of Ukraine as a synergetic system have been in a state of bifurcation for a long time, the article considers and proposes the most effective way of the development and functioning of the monetary system in the context of a harmonious interrelations with the national economy in time and space coordinates by direct emission of money for innovative projects of development of the national economy. Prospects for further research are the trans-scientific paradigm of managing the national economy.
Keywords: monetary systems, creation of money, local money, electronic money, crypto currency, trans-scientific management paradigm.
Fig.: 1. Tabl.: 2. Bibl.: 53.

Vartsaba Vira I. – Doctor of Sciences (Economics), Associate Professor, Head of the Department, Department of Finance and Banking, Uzhhorod National University (3 Narodna Pl., Uzhhorod, Zakarpattia region, 88000, Ukraine)
Email: vira.vartsaba@gmail.com
Mostipaka Olena V. – Director, Company «Jurconsulting» LTD (14/43 B. Lepkoho Str., Ternopil, 46024, Ukraine)
Email: mostipaka_olena@ukr.net

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Vartsaba, Vira I., and Mostipaka, Olena V. (2017) “Alternative Monetary Systems in the Context of Managing the National Economy.” The Problems of Economy 4:351–362.

List of references in article

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Section: Finance and banking
UDC 336.011:047.44
Kremen V. M., Ohol D. O.
Financial Sector Stability: Essence and Assessment (p. 363 - 368)

The article investigates approaches to the interpretation of the notion “financial stability” and the features of its assessing as an important instrument of macroprudential financial supervision. It is emphasized that the existing tools for assessing the financial sector stability have their advantages and disadvantages, which are defined by the authors. In the paper there applied the method of convolution of criteria to assess financial stability in Ukraine. The calculation of the composite indicator is based on values of financial soundness indicators determined by the IMF, which for the purpose of the research are divided into three groups. As a result the indicator of financial stability includes the components of capital adequacy, credit risk and liquidity. It allows using the regression procedure for evaluation of the influence of these components on financial stability of the country. The interpretation of the results indicate that raising the level of financial stability in Ukraine requires, first, improving approaches to managing credit risk, then increasing liquidity rates and, ultimately, improving the capital adequacy of financial intermediaries.
Keywords: financial stability, financial sector stability, financial soundness indicators, composite indicator of financial sector stability.
Fig.: 2. Formulae: 9. Bibl.: 16.

Kremen Viktoriia M. – Doctor of Sciences (Economics), Associate Professor, Professor, Department of Finance and Financial and Economic Security, Kyiv National University of Technologies and Design (2 Nemyrovycha-Danchenka Str., Kyiv, 01011, Ukraine)
Email: kremen.vm@knutd.edu.ua
Ohol Dmytro O. – Economist, Department of Conjunctural Surveys, Department of Statistics and Reporting of the National Bank of Ukraine (7 Nauky Ave., Kyiv, 03028, Ukraine)
Email: ogoldmytro@ukr.net

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Reference to this article:
Kremen, Viktoriia M., and Ohol, Dmytro O. (2017) “Financial Sector Stability: Essence and Assessment.” The Problems of Economy 4:363–368.

List of references in article

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Crockett, A. “The Theory and Practice of Financial Stability“ GEI Newsletter Issue. Global Economic Institutions. http://www.cepr.org/gei/6rep2.htm
Dobryshevskiy, S. M. et al. Nekotoryye podkhody k razrabotke sistemy indikatorov monitoringa finansovoy stabilnosti [Some approaches to the development of a system of financial stability monitoring indicators]. Moscow: IEPP, 2006.
Ferguson, R. “Should Financial Stability Be an Explicit Central Bank Objective? In Monetary Stability, Financial Stability and the Business Cycle: Five Views“ BIS Paper, September 18, 2003. 7-15.
“Stratehiia rozvytku finansovoho sektoru Ukrainy do 2015 roku: Proekt rozvytku“ [Strategy of development of financial sector of Ukraine till 2015: Development project]. www.ufin.com.ua/koncepcia/002.doc
Foot, M. What is “financial stability” and How do we get it? The Roy Bridge Memorial Lecture Financial Services Authority, 2003.
Houben, A., Kakes, J., and Schinasi, G. "Toward a Framework for Safeguarding Financial Stability" IMF Working Paper WP/04/101, no. 40, June, 2004.
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Kallaur, P. “Kontsept „finansovaya stabilnost”“ [The concept of "financial stability. ]. Belorusskiy ekonomicheskiy zhurnal, no. 1 (2007): 25-37.
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Pshyk, B. I. “Finansova stabilnist: sutnist ta osoblyvosti proiavu“ [Financial stability: the essence and features of manifestation]. Visnyk SevNTU. Seriia: Ekonomika i finansy, no. 138 (2013): 91-96.
Schinasi, G. “Defining Financial Stability“ IMF Working Paper WP/04/187. https://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/wp/2004/wp04187.pdf
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Section: Finance and banking
UDC 346.2:368.025.61
Nesterenko O. O.
Methodological Bases for Describing Risks of the Enterprise Business Model in Integrated Reporting (p. 369 - 375)

The aim of the article is to substantiate the methodological bases for describing the business and accounting risks of an enterprise business model in integrated reporting for their timely detection and assessment, and develop methods for their leveling or minimizing and possible prevention. It is proposed to consider risks in the process of forming integrated reporting from two sides: first, risks that arise in the business model of an organization and should be disclosed in its integrated report; second, accounting risks of integrated reporting, which should be taken into account by members of the cross-sectoral working group and management personnel in the process of forming and promulgating integrated reporting. To develop an adequate accounting and analytical tool for disclosure of information about the risks of the business model and integrated reporting, their leveling or minimization, in the article a terminological analysis of the essence of entrepreneurial and accounting risks is carried out. The entrepreneurial risk is defined as an objective-subjective economic category that characterizes the probability of negative or positive consequences of economic-social-ecological activity within the framework of the business model of an enterprise under uncertainty. The accounting risk is suggested to be understood as the probability of unfavorable consequences as a result of organizational, methodological errors in the integrated accounting system, which present threat to the quality, accuracy and reliability of the reporting information on economic, social and environmental activities in integrated reporting as well as threat of inappropriate decision-making by stakeholders based on the integrated report. For the timely identification of business risks and maximum leveling of the influence of accounting risks on the process of formation and publication of integrated reporting, in the study the place of entrepreneurial and accounting risks in the business model of the enterprise is determined.
Keywords: entrepreneurial risk, accounting risk, business model, integrated reporting, economic-socio-ecological activity.
Fig.: 2. Bibl.: 18.

Nesterenko Oksana O. – Candidate of Sciences (Economics), Associate Professor, Candidate on Doctor Degree, Department of Finance, Analysis and Insurance, Kharkiv State University of Food Technology and Trade (333 Klochkіvska Str., Kharkіv, 61051, Ukraine)
Email: akseniya72@gmail.com

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Reference to this article:
Nesterenko, Oksana O. (2017) “Methodological Bases for Describing Risks of the Enterprise Business Model in Integrated Reporting.” The Problems of Economy 4:369–375.

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Hutsailiuk, Z. V. “Ekonomichni ryzyky v informatsiinii systemi bukhhalterskoho obliku“ [Economic risks in the information system of accounting]. Bukhhalterskyi oblik i audyt, no. 7 (2010): 8-13.
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Atamas, P. I., Atamas, O. P., and Kramarenko, H. O. “Rol bukhhalterskoho obliku v upravlinni ryzykamy pidpryiemnytstva“ [The role of accounting in the management of business risks]. Akademichnyi ohliad, no. 1 (2016): 60-69.
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Krutova, A. S. “Constituent elements of instruments of the strategic accounting“ Nezalezhniy auditor, no. 15 (1) (2016): 10-13.


Section: Social economy, policy and demography
UDC 331.5
Azmuk N. A.
Employment and Work Motivation in the Information Economy: Transformation and Interrelation (p. 376 - 383)

The aim of the article is to study and systematize the trends in the transformation of employment and work motivation in the information economy. As a result of the study, the main trends in the transformation of employment in the information economy are identified. The interrelation between the transformation of employment and work motivation is substantiated. A comparative analysis of the main elements of the motivational model in the traditional and information economy is carried out. A new form of interaction between remote digital workers in distributed teams is explored. A new element of the digital labor market – artificial intelligence – is characterized and its role and place in it is defined. Attention is focused on changing the role of artificial intelligence from the labor market object to its subject. There proposed the author’s definition of the concept “employment in the information economy”, which is based on the change in the essential characteristics of employment under the influence of the development of digital technologies. The interrelation between the transformation of employment and work motivation is substantiated. A comparative analysis of the main elements of the motivational model in the traditional and information economy is carried out. A new form of interaction between remote digital workers in distributed teams is explored.
Keywords: digital employment; artificial intelligence, work motivation, distributed teams, competency-based approach to motivation, digital approach to motivation.
Tabl.: 2. Bibl.: 17.

Azmuk Nadiya A. – Candidate of Sciences (Economics), Associate Professor, Candidate on Doctor Degree, Institute of Industrial Economics of NAS of Ukraine (2 Mariia Kapnist Str., Kyiv, 03057, Ukraine)
Email: azmukna@gmail.com

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Reference to this article:
Azmuk, Nadiya A. (2017) “Employment and Work Motivation in the Information Economy: Transformation and Interrelation.” The Problems of Economy 4:376–383.

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Hirsch-Kreinsen, H., Ittermann, P., and Niehaus, J. “Digitalisierung industrieller Arbeit“ http://www.neue-industriearbeit.de/fileadmin/templates/publikationen/SoMaLI_2015_Zwischenbericht_Hirsch-Kreinsen__ten_Hompel_et_al.pdf
Hrishnova, O., and Kostenko, T. “Novi pidkhody do motyvatsii pratsi z urakhuvanniam systemy zhyttievykh tsinnostei molodi“ [New approaches to motivation of labor, taking into account the system of vital values of youth]. Ukraina: aspekty pratsi, no. 7 (2011): 3-8.
Kolot, A. M., and Kravchuk, O. I. “Liudyna i nova ekonomika: dialektyka rozvytku“ [Man and new economy: the dialectic of development]. Sotsialno-trudovi vidnosyny: teoriia ta praktyka, no. 1 (9) (2015): 8-29.
Hrishnova, O. A., and Zaichko, O. S. “Novitni tekhnolohii v ekonomitsi personalu: novi mozhlyvosti i novi vyklyky“ [Newest technologies in the economy of the staff: new opportunities and new challenges]. Visnyk ekonomichnoi nauky Ukrainy, no. 2 (2016): 52-57.
Hruzina, I. A. “Transformatsiia pidkhodu do motyvatsii pratsi personalu v umovakh informatsiinoi ekonomiky“ [Transformation of the approach to motivation of labor in the conditions of the information economy]. Ekonomika rozvytku, no. 1 (2014): 67-70.
Semykina, M. V., Ishchenko, N. A., and Fedunets, A. D. Mekhanizmy zainiatosti v umovakh innovatsiinykh zmin: motyvatsiinyi aspekt [Mechanisms of employment in conditions of innovative changes: motivational aspect]. Kirovohrad: KNTU, 2015.
Chizhova, L. S., Sadovaya, E. S., and Kuzmin, V. V. Innovatsionnaya ekonomika: zanyatost, trudovaya motivatsiya, effektivnost truda [Innovative economy: employment, labor motivation, labor efficiency]. Moscow: Ekonomika, 2011.
Semykina, M. V., Ishchenko, N. A., and Buhaiova, M. V. “Transformatsii zainiatosti yak faktor zminy motyvatsiinykh modelei povedinky na rynku pratsi“ [Transformation of employment as a factor in changing motivational behavior patterns in the labor market]. Pratsi Kirovohradskoho natsionalnoho tekhnichnoho universytetu. Ekonomichni nauky, no. 27 (2015): 148-157.
Tsvetkov, V. Ya. “Raspredelennoye upravleniye“ [Distributed management]. Sovremennyye tekhnologii upravleniya. 2017. http://sovman.ru/article/7602/
“European Parliament resolution of 16 February 2017 with recommendations to the Commission on Civil Law Rules on Robotics (2015/2103 (INL))“ http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?pubRef=-//EP//TEXT+TA+P8-TA-2017-0051+0+DOC+XML+V0//EN&language=EN#BKMD-9
Oshri, I., Kotlarsky, J., and Willcocks, L. The Handbook of Global Outsourcing and Offshoring Springer, 2015.
“Rynok IT-frilans-autsorsa Vostochnoy Yevropy v 2016 godu“ [The market of IT freelance outsourcing in Eastern Europe in 2016]. Topsdev. https://topsdev.org/blog/obzor-rinka-freelance-2016.htm


Section: Economic statistics. Accounting and Auditing
UDC 311.2:[331.5:332.1]
Korepanov O. S., Stepanov O. M.
Statistical Analysis of the labor Market in Ukraine Using Multidimensional Classification Methods: the Regional Aspect (p. 384 - 392)

The aim of the article is to study the labor market in Ukraine in the regional context using cluster analysis methods. The current state of the labor market in regions of Ukraine is analyzed, and a system of statistical indicators that influence the state and development of this market is formed. The expediency of using cluster analysis for grouping regions according to the level of development of the labor market is substantiated. The essence of cluster analysis is revealed, its main goal, key tasks, which can be solved by means of such analysis, are presented, basic stages of the analysis are considered. The main methods of clustering are described and, based on the results of the simulation, the advantages and disadvantages of each method are justified. In the work the clustering of regions of Ukraine by the level of labor market development using different methods of cluster analysis is carried out, conclusions on the results of the calculations performed are presented, and the main directions for further research are outlined.
Keywords: labor market, underutilization of labor force, regions of Ukraine, cluster analysis, STATІSTІCA.
Fig.: 6. Tabl.: 2. Formulae: 2. Bibl.: 10.

Korepanov Oleksiy S. – Doctor of Sciences (Economics), Professor, Professor, Department of Statistics, Accounting and Auditing, V. N. Karazin Kharkiv National University (4 Svobody Square, Kharkіv, 61022, Ukraine)
Email: o.s.korepanov@karazin.ua
Stepanov Oleksandr M. – Graduate Student, Department of Statistics, Accounting and Auditing, V. N. Karazin Kharkiv National University (4 Svobody Square, Kharkіv, 61022, Ukraine)

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Korepanov, Oleksiy S., and Stepanov, Oleksandr M. (2017) “Statistical Analysis of the labor Market in Ukraine Using Multidimensional Classification Methods: the Regional Aspect.” The Problems of Economy 4:384–392.

List of references in article

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Section: Economic statistics. Accounting and Auditing
UDC 657.1
Liakhovych H. І.
Analysis of the Expediency of Switching to Accounting Outsourcing (p. 392 - 397)

The aim of the article is to justify the methodology for analysis of the expediency of switching to accounting outsourcing. Based on considering scientific papers, approaches to analyzing the expediency of switching to accounting outsourcing are generalized; special attention is paid to analyzing transaction costs of accounting outsourcing, which under current conditions are one of the defining quantitative criteria for choosing this form of organization of accounting. The choice of the type of accounting outsourcing (full or partial) for various groups of enterprises (micro-enterprises, small and medium-sized, large ones) is justified. There determined the sequence of analyzing the expediency of switching to accounting outsourcing that implies identification of the areas of accounting for transferring; selection of an outsourcer; assessment of risks associated with reliability of the outsourcer. Prospects for further research are the issue of analyzing the effectiveness of outsourcing as a form of organization of accounting.
Keywords: accounting outsourcing, outsourcer, risk.
Tabl.: 2. Formulae: 7. Bibl.: 8.

Liakhovych Halyna І. – Candidate of Sciences (Public Administration), Associate Professor, Director, Ivano-Frankivsk Educational and Scientific Management Institute of Ternopil National Economic University (32 Dnistrovska Str., Ivano-Frankivsk, 76018, Ukraine)
Email: kaffinance@ukr.net

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Liakhovych, Halyna І. (2017) “Analysis of the Expediency of Switching to Accounting Outsourcing.” The Problems of Economy 4:392–397.

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Kotlyarov, I. D. “Otsenka riskov sotrudnichestva s autsorserom“ [Evaluation of the risks of cooperation with the outsourcer]. Problemy ekonomiki i upravleniya neftegazovym kompleksom, no. 11 (2012): 34-37.
Kouz, R. Firma, rynok i pravo [Firm, market and law]. Moscow: Delo LTD, 1993.
Kurbanov, A. Kh., and Plotnikov, V. A. “Autsorsing v Rossii: sotsialnoye soderzhaniye i ekonomicheskiye usloviya primeneniya“ [Outsourcing in Russia: social content and economic conditions of use]. Upravlencheskoye konsultirovaniye, no. 3 (2011): 123-131.
Popov, Ye. V., and Simonova, V. L. “Mezhfirmennyye setevyye formy organizatsii v sisteme korporativnogo upravleniya“ [Inter-firm network forms of organization in the system of corporate governance]. Ekonomika regiona, no. 3 (2009): 146-153.
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Section: Economic statistics. Accounting and Auditing
UDC 311:33
Sierova I. A.
International Comparisons: Issues of Methodology and Practice (p. 398 - 404)

The article discusses the methodology and organization of statistical observation of the level of countries’ economic development. The theoretical basis of international comparisons is singled out and on its basis the comparative evaluation of inconsistency of theoretical positions and the reasons of differences of GDP growth is carried out. Based on the complexity of the formation of homogeneous data sets in order to obtain correct comparison results, a general scheme for the relationship between the theoretical base of international comparisons and PPP constraints is defined. The possibility of obtaining a single measurement of the indicators of national economies based on the existing sampling errors, measurement uncertainties and classification errors is considered. The emphasis is placed on combining the work using the ICP and CPI with the aim of achieving comparability of data in the territorial and temporal cross-section. Using the basic characteristics of sustainable economic growth, long-term prospects for changing the ranking positions of countries with different levels of income are determined. It is shown that the clarity and unambiguity of the theoretical provisions is the defining condition for the further process of data collection and formation of correct analytical conclusions.
Keywords: international comparisons, System of National Accounts, Purchasing Power Parity, consumer prices, methodology of statistics.
Fig.: 2. Tabl.: 2. Bibl.: 14.

Sierova Iryna A. – Candidate of Sciences (Economics), Associate Professor, Associate Professor, Department of Statistics and Economic Forecasting, Simon Kuznets Kharkiv National University of Economics (9a Nauky Ave., Kharkіv, 61166, Ukraine)
Email: irina.cevaro@gmail.com

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Sierova, Iryna A. (2017) “International Comparisons: Issues of Methodology and Practice.” The Problems of Economy 4:398–404.

List of references in article

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Karaganov, S. A. “O probleme izmereniya natsionalnogo dokhoda strany“ [On the problem of measuring the national income of a country]. Zeszyty Naukowe. 2013. file:///C:/Users/user/Downloads/11_ZN_AM_36(108)_2_Karganov.pdf
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Section: Mathematical methods and models in economy
UDC 338.115.31
Bril M. S., Pyvavar I. V.
Management of Housing and Public Services of a City: the System and Simulation Approach (p. 405 - 415)

The article is dedicated to the development of models for management of housing and communal services of a city on the basis of the system approach and simulation modeling. A review of the existing models of urban systems is carried out, their advantages and disadvantages are shown. With the use of the methods of simulation and scenario modeling, a simulation model for management of housing and communal services of a city has been developed, which makes it possible to predict the dynamics of the main socio-economic indicators of development of a city. On the basis of the model, the forecast indicators were simulated according to various scenarios for distributing financial resources for the renovation and maintenance of housing facilities of a city. The main criterion for effectiveness of the scenarios is the level of housing provision for the population. The models built can be used for making managerial decisions by local government authorities as well as in elaborating programs for the urban social and economic development.
Keywords: housing and communal services, management model, system approach, housing provision, decision making, simulation model, experiment, system dynamics.
Fig.: 8. Tabl.: 3. Bibl.: 18.

Bril Mykhailo S. – Candidate of Sciences (Economics), Associate Professor, Department of Political Economy, Simon Kuznets Kharkiv National University of Economics (9a Nauky Ave., Kharkіv, 61166, Ukraine)
Email: msbril01@gmail.com
Pyvavar Iryna V. – Candidate of Sciences (Economics), Associate Professor, Department of Political Economy, Simon Kuznets Kharkiv National University of Economics (9a Nauky Ave., Kharkіv, 61166, Ukraine)
Email: Pivavarir@ukr.net

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Reference to this article:
Bril, Mykhailo S., and Pyvavar, Iryna V. (2017) “Management of Housing and Public Services of a City: the System and Simulation Approach.” The Problems of Economy 4:405–415.

List of references in article

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Velychko, V. V., and Haidenko, S. M. “Aktualni pytannia upravlinnia pidpryiemstvamy zhytlovo-komunalnoho hospodarstva v suchasnykh ekonomichnykh umovakh“ [Topical issues of management of housing and communal services enterprises in modern economic conditions]. Ekonomika i suspilstvo, no. 4 (2016): 119-126.
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Vysokovskiy, A. A. “Upravleniye prostranstvennym razvitiyem“ [Spatial development management]. Otechestvennyye zapiski, no. 3 (48) (2012): 36-47.
Vysokovskiy, A. “Teoreticheskiye modeli prostranstvennoy organizatsii goroda“ [Theoretical models of spatial organization of the city]. Gorodskoye upravleniye, no. 1 (1998): 34-40.
Heleveria, Ye. M., and Kosiak, A. P. “Orhanizatsiino-finansovi aspekty vidnovlennia miskoho zhytlovoho fondu rehionu“ [Organizational and financial aspects of the renovation of the city housing stock of the region]. Biznes Inform, no. 1 (2011): 75-79.
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Dymchenko, O. V. Zhytlovo-komunalne hospodarstvo v reformatsiinomu protsesi: analiz, proektuvannia, upravlinnia [Housing and Communal Services in the Reformation Process: Analysis, Design, Management]. Kharkiv: KhNAMH, 2009.
Yefimenko, I. A. “ZhKKh kak sfera normalnogo funktsionirovaniya zhiznedeyatelnosti naseleniya“ [Housing as a sphere of normal functioning of the vital activity of the population]. Biznes Inform, no. 11 (2) (2009): 35-36.
Kachala, T. M. “Korektsiia kursu reformuvannia sfery zhytlovo-komunalnykh posluh“ [Correction of the reform course in housing and communal services]. Komunalne hospodarstvo mist. Seriia: Ekonomichni nauky, no. 96 (2010): 15-23.
Kugayenko, A. A. Osnovy teorii i praktiki dinamicheskogo modelirovaniya sotsialno-ekonomicheskikh obektov i prognozirovaniya ikh razvitiya [Fundamentals of theory and practice of dynamic modeling of socio-economic objects and forecasting their development]. Moscow: Vuzovskaya kniga, 1998.
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Section: Mathematical methods and models in economy
UDC 658:330.322:519.866
Kotsyuba O. S.
Analytical Support for Selecting the Best Investment Project in the Presence of Fuzzy Data (p. 416 - 423)

The article is dedicated to the problem of optimal choice in the field of real investments in case of fuzzy estimates of financial and economic parameters. The general methodological basis of the research is an integrated approach to solving decision-making problems under conditions of uncertainty, conflict, and risk generated by them, based on the game theory, proposed by R. I. Trukhayev. In recent decades, it has been actively developed in papers by the followers of the scientific school of riskology under the leadership of V. V. Vitlinsky. One of the system-forming components of the above integration and game methodology is the classifier of information situations (there singled out seven of them). In this case, the description of possible states of the economic environment by a fuzzy set (a subset) corresponds to the seventh information situation. An attempt was made to develop a methodical apparatus for the task of selecting the best investment project from a variety of alternative projects in the presence of fuzzy data. As a result, a model based on the use of convolutions of local criteria is formulated. In accordance with the accepted methodological guidelines, the structure of the generalized (integral) indicator of the economic attractiveness (efficiency) of real investment provides for three hierarchical levels: 1) the level of detailed criteria in terms of partial criteria (financial effect, profitability, payback period), 2) the level of partial criteria, 3) the level presenting the very generalized indicator. In the basic version of the proposed model, among the possible techniques (methods) for aggregating indicators detailing the aspects of fuzzy estimates of partial criteria, the preference is given to the method by which they are joined by a combined, additive and multiplicative convolution.
Keywords: investment project, optimal choice, uncertainty, fuzziness, risk, convolution of criteria.
Formulae: 67. Bibl.: 22.

Kotsyuba Oleksiy S. – Candidate of Sciences (Economics), Associate Professor, Associate Professor, Department of Business Economics and Entrepreneurship, Kyiv National Economic University named after V. Hetman (54/1 Peremohy Ave., Kyiv, 03057, Ukraine)
Email: as_kotsyuba@ukr.net

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Reference to this article:
Kotsyuba, Oleksiy S. (2017) “Analytical Support for Selecting the Best Investment Project in the Presence of Fuzzy Data.” The Problems of Economy 4:416–423.

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Kuchta, D. “Robust Selection of Investment Projects“ International Conference on Fuzzy Sets and Soft Computing in Economics and Finance FSSCEF 2004, vol. 2. St. Petersburg, Russia, 2004. 438-445.
Dymova, L., Sevastjanov, P., and Sevastianov, D. “MCDM in a fuzzy setting: Investment projects assessment application“ International Journal of Production Economics vol. 100, no. 1 (2006): 10-29.
Nedosekin, A. O. “Nechetkiy DPBP i novyy podkhod k ratsionalnomu otboru investitsionnykh proektov“ [Fuzzy DPBP and a new approach to the rational selection of investment projects]. http://sedok.narod.ru/s_files/2003/ Art_090603.doc
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Vitlinskyi, V. V., and Velykoivanenko, H. I. Ryzykolohiia v ekonomitsi ta pidpryiemnytstvi [Riskology in economics and entrepreneurship]. Kyiv: KNEU, 2004.
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Vitlinskyi, V. V. “Kilkisne otsiniuvannia stupenia ekonomichnoho ryzyku“ [Quantitative assessment of the degree of economic risk]. Visnyk Zhytomyrskoho derzhavnoho tekhnolohichnoho universytetu. Ekonomichni nauky, no. 1 (51) (2010): 159-162.
Akhrameyko, A. A., and Zhelezko, B. A. “Mnogokriterialnyye metody obosnovaniya upravlencheskikh resheniy v usloviyakh nestokhasticheskoy neopredelennosti dannykh“ [Multicriteria methods for substantiating management decisions in the context of non-stochastic data uncertainty]. Integrirovannyye modeli i myagkiye vychisleniya v iskusstvennom intellekte, vol. 2. Moscow: Fizmatlit, 2009. 785-798.
Akhrameyko, A. A. et al. “Obobshcheniye metoda analiza ierarkhiy Saati dlya ispolzovaniya nechetko-intervalnykh ekspertnykh dannykh“ [A generalization of the Saati hierarchy analysis method for using fuzzy-interval expert data]. Novyye informatsionnyye tekhnologii, vol. 1. Minsk: BGEU, 2002. 217-222.
Kotsiuba, O. S. “Optymizatsiia investytsiinoho rishennia v umovakh nevyznachenosti ta ryzyku yak bahatokryterialna zadacha“ [Optimization of an investment decision in conditions of uncertainty and risk as a multicriteria task]. Biznes Inform, no. 10 (2017): 178-182.
Tyshchuk, T. A. “Ekonomiko-matematychne modeliuvannia protsesiv upravlinnia proektamy na osnovi teorii nechitkykh mnozhyn“ [Economic-mathematical modeling of project management processes based on the theory of fuzzy sets]: avtoref. dys. ... kand. ekon. nauk: 08.03.02, 2001.
Kotsiuba, O. S. “Otsiniuvannia dyskontovanoho terminu okupnosti investytsiinoho proektu za umov nechitkykh vykhidnykh danykh“ [Estimation of the discounted payback period of the investment project in the conditions of fuzzy output data]. Hlobalni ta natsionalni problemy ekonomiky. 2016. http://global-national.in.ua/archive/10-2016/214.pdf
Kotsiuba, O. C. “Vybir investytsiinoho proektu z mnozhyny alternatyvnykh variantiv v razi nechitko-intervalnykh otsinok pochatkovykh parametriv“ [Selection of an investment project on the set of alternative options in the case of fuzzy-interval estimates of initial parameters]. Hlobalni ta natsionalni problemy ekonomiky. 2017. http://global-national.in.ua/archive/15-2017/122.pdf


Section: Mathematical methods and models in economy
UDC 378.1:339.9
Rayevnyeva O. V., Stryzhychenko K. A.
Autonomy of the European Higher Education System: Characteristic Features of the Clusters (p. 424 - 429)

The aim of this study is the formation of clusters in terms of autonomy with the identification of their representatives and the formation of the main indicators (options) of development. The article singles out five homogeneous groups in terms of development of autonomy of the higher education system, and analyzes their main characteristics. To study the specific features of each group, representative countries are identified for each of them, including the higher education systems of Norway, Italy, Finland, Poland and France. Based on the analysis of the representatives, the dominants in the development of each autonomy dimension are defined. A comparative analysis of the autonomy of the system of higher education of the representative countries was carried out, which showed that autonomy of the higher education system is a multidimensional phenomenon, and one cannot say that only autonomy can provide advantages in the competitive struggle in the market of educational services.
Keywords: higher education system, autonomy, clusters, representatives, universities, financial autonomy, organizational autonomy, staffing autonomy, academic autonomy.
Fig.: 1. Tabl.: 1. Bibl.: 18.

Rayevnyeva Olena V. – Doctor of Sciences (Economics), Professor, Head of the Department, Department of Statistics and Economic Forecasting, Simon Kuznets Kharkiv National University of Economics (9a Nauky Ave., Kharkіv, 61166, Ukraine)
Email: olena.raev@gmail.com
Stryzhychenko Kostyantyn A. – Doctor of Sciences (Economics), Associate Professor, Professor, Department of Statistics and Economic Forecasting, Simon Kuznets Kharkiv National University of Economics (9a Nauky Ave., Kharkіv, 61166, Ukraine)
Email: ukf.kendo@gmail.com

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Rayevnyeva, Olena V., and Stryzhychenko, Kostyantyn A. (2017) “Autonomy of the European Higher Education System: Characteristic Features of the Clusters.” The Problems of Economy 4:424–429.

List of references in article

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Capano, G. “A Sisyphean Task: Evaluation and Institutional Accountability in Italian Higher Education“ Higher Education Policy vol. 23 (1) (2010): 39-62.
Bighi, C. “University autonomy and academic freedom in Italy“ Higher Education in Europe vol. 18, no. 1 (1993): 58-67.
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De Boer, H., and File, J. Higher education governance reforms across Europe Brussels: ESMU, 2009.
De Boer, H., Enders, J., and Schimank, U. “On the ways towards New Public Management? The Governance of University Systems in England, the Netherlands, Austria and Germany“ In New Forms of Governance in Research Organizations: Disciplinary Approaches, Interfaces and Integration, 137-152. Dordrecht: Springer, 2007.
“Finnish National Board of Education, “National Core Curriculum for Instruction Preparing Immigrants for Basic Education 2009”, Helsinki“ http://www.oph.fi/download/138886_national_core_curriculum_for_instruction_preparing_for_basic_education_2009.pdf
Graham, R. “Creating University-based Entrepreneurial Ecosystems. Evidence from Emerging World Leaders. MIT-Skolkova Initiative. MIT“, 2014. http://www.rhgraham.org/RHG/Recent_publications_files/MIT%3ASkoltech%20entrepreneurial%20ecosystems%20report%202014%20_1.pdf
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Musselin, C. “Redefinition of the relationships between academics and their university“ Higher Education vol. 65 (1) (2013): 25-37.
Mitsopoulos, M., and Pelagidis, T. “Comparing the Administrative and Financial Autonomy of Higher Education Institutions in 7 EU Countries“ Intereconomics. 2008. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10272-008-0262-y
“Ministry of Education and Culture (2013), “Education Evaluation Plan for 2012-2015”“ Ministry of Education and Culture, Finland 1/2013, Helsinki. http://www.minedu.fi/export/sites/default/OPM/Julkaisut/2013/liitteet/Education_evaluation_plan_for_2012_2015.pdf?lang=en
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Section: Mathematical methods and models in economy
UDC 004.8:519.8:658.8
Skitsko V. I.
Assessment of Logistics Risk using Collective Artificial Intelligence (p. 430 - 436)

In substantiating management decisions in logistics, there can be used various economic and mathematical methods and models for quantitative risk assessment constructed with the help of a variety of instruments. Due to the increase in the processing power of computer equipment, economic and mathematical models become more complex, more precise, and the range of modeling tools expands. The current promising area in mathematical modeling is collective artificial intelligence, with the help of which it is possible to effectively solve weakly structured, multi-criteria, multi-purpose, complex economic problems. The mathematical model of the bat algorithm, the basic rules and steps of its functioning are presented, the application of the bat algorithm to solve the multi-index transport problem in the formulation of which the logistics risk is taken into account is shown, and the way to assess the logistics risk using the results of the functioning of the bat algorithm is shown.
Keywords: logistics risk, collective artificial intelligence, bat algorithm, multi-index distribution problem.
Formulae: 10. Bibl.: 20.

Skitsko Volodymyr I. – Candidate of Sciences (Economics), Associate Professor, Associate Professor, Department of Economic and Mathematical Modeling, Kyiv National Economic University named after V. Hetman (54/1 Peremohy Ave., Kyiv, 03057, Ukraine)
Email: skitsko.kneu@gmail.com

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Reference to this article:
Skitsko, Volodymyr I. (2017) “Assessment of Logistics Risk using Collective Artificial Intelligence.” The Problems of Economy 4:430–436.

List of references in article

Verchenko, P. I. Bahatokryterialnist i dynamika ekonomichnoho ryzyku (modeli ta metody) [Multicriteria and the dynamics of economic risk (models and methods)]. Kyiv: KNEU, 2006.
“Allianz Risk Barometer 2017“ http://www.agcs.allianz.com/assets/PDFs/Reports/Allianz_Risk_Barometer_2017_EN.pdf
Bazhan, L. I. “Otsiniuvannia ryzykiv pry upravlinni lohistychnym tsentrom“ [Risk assessment at logistics center management]. Ekonomiko-matematychne modeliuvannia sotsialno-ekonomichnykh system, no. 14 (2009): 129-143.
Kondratenko, N. O., and Lobashov, O. O. “Instrumenty upravlinnia ta metody otsinky ryzykiv u lohistychnykh systemakh“ [Management tools and risk assessment methods in logistics systems]. Kommunalnoye khozyaystvo gorodov, no. 102 (2012): 343-350.
Karpova, N. P. “Otsenka logisticheskikh riskov v protsesse strategicheskogo planirovaniya snabzheniya organizatsiy“ [Assessment of logistics risks in the process of strategic planning of supply of organizations]. Audit i finansovyy analiz, no. 2 (2014): 321-325.
Oklander, M., and Yashkin, D. “Methodological approaches to logistic risk assessment“ In Innovativeness and entrepreneurship: clusters management: good practices in the World, 125-134. Lublin: Politechnika Lubelska, 2014.
Rossi, T., Noe, C., and Dallari, F. “A Formal Method for Analyzing and Assessing Operational Risk in Supply Chains“ The 23rd International Conference of the System Dynamics Society. 2005. http://www.systemdynamics.org/conferences/2005/proceed/papers/ROSSI436.pdf
Klimov, R., and Merkuryev, Y. “Simulation-based Risk Measurement in Supply Chains“ 20th European Conference on Modelling and Simulation ECMS 2006. http://www.scs-europe.net/services/ecms2006/ecms2006%20pdf/138-lt.pdf
Kuzemin, O., and Dayub, Ya. “Muravinyy algoritm i uchet riska v transportnoy zadache“ [Ant algorithm and risk accounting in transport problem]. Bionika intellekta, no. 3 (74) (2010): 144-148.
Subbotin, S. O., Oliinyk, A. O., and Oliinyk, O. O. Neiteratyvni, evoliutsiini ta multyahentni metody syntezu nechitko lohichnykh i neiromerezhnykh modelei [Non-iterative, evolutionary and multi-agent methods of synthesis of fuzzy logic and neural network models]. Zaporizhzhia: ZNTU, 2009.
Karpenko, A. P. “Populyatsionnyye algoritmy globalnoy poiskovoy optimizatsii. Obzor novykh i maloizvestnykh algoritmov“ [Population algorithms of global search engine optimization. Review of new and little-known algorithms]. Informatsionnyye tekhnologii, no. 7 (Annex) (2012): 1-32.
Yang, X. S. “A New Metaheuristic Bat-Inspired Algorithm“ Nature Inspired Cooperative Strategies for Optimization (NICSO 2010) vol. 284 (2010): 65-74.
Krasnoshlyk, N. A. “Resheniye zadachi globalnoy optimizatsii modifitsirovannym algoritmom letuchikh myshey“ [The solution of the problem of global optimization by a modified algorithm of bats]. Radioelektronika, informatyka, upravlinnia, no. 4 (2015): 96-103.
Yang, X., and Xingshi, H. “Bat algorithm: literature review and applications“ International Journal of Bio-Inspired Computation vol. 5, no. 3 (2013): 141-149.
Kuliyev, E. V., Lezhebokov, A. A., and Kravchenko, Yu. A. “Royevoy algoritm poiskovoy optimizatsii na osnove modelirovaniya povedeniya letuchikh myshey“ [Root algorithm of search optimization on the basis of modeling behavior of bats]. Izvestiya YuFU. Tekhnicheskiye nauki, no. 7 (180) (2016): 53-62.
Gamzaliyev, R. Sh., and Drozdova, A. A. “Realizatsiya i issledovaniye effektivnosti algoritma «letuchikh myshey»“ [Realization and investigation of the effectiveness of the "bats" algorithm]. Molodoy issledovatel Dona. 2016. http://mid-journal.ru/upload/iblock/05d/1-gamzaliev-drozdova-42-.pdf
Diveyev, A. I., and Konstantinov, S. V. “Evolyutsionnyye algoritmy dlya resheniya zadachi optimalnogo upravleniya“ [Evolutionary algorithms for solving the problem of optimal control]. Vestnik RUDN. Seriya: Inzhenernyye issledovaniya vol. 18, no. 2 (2017): 254-265.
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Raskin, L. G., and Kirichenko, I. O. Mnogoindeksnyye zadachi lineynogo programmirovaniya [Multi-index problems of linear programming]. Moscow: Radio i svyaz, 1982.
Kosenko, O. V. “Razrabotka metodov i algoritmov resheniya mnogoindeksnykh raspredelitelnykh zadach v usloviyakh neopredelennosti“ [Development of a method and algorithms for solving multi-index distribution tasks under conditions of uncertainty]: dis. … kand. tekhn. nauk: 05.13.01, 2017.


Section: Economics of Natural Resources and Environment
UDC 339.727.22
Dzyubenko O. M.
Attraction of Foreign Investments in the Sphere of Economic Development of the Forest Resource Potential and Woodworking Industry: Institutional and Territorial Preconditions (p. 437 - 443)

It has been found that it is possible to overcome the existing investment deficit in the forestry and woodworking segments of the forestry sector of the national economy on the basis of expanding the list of forms, methods and sources of attracting foreign investments into the sphere of economic development of the forest resource potential and wood processing. There revealed main trends in the dynamics of expenses for the maintenance and operation of equipment, as well as the maintenance and operation of forest roads across the regional forestry and hunting management departments. The priorities of improving the institutional environment for attracting foreign investments in the sphere of economic development of the forest resource potential and woodworking industry are substantiated based on implementing by state forest enterprises joint projects with foreign partners, as well as projects within the framework of public-private partnership agreements.
Keywords: forest resource potential, external investments, territorial preconditions, fixed assets, major repairs, environmental conventions, joint projects.
Tabl.: 3. Bibl.: 9.

Dzyubenko Oleksandr M. – Candidate of Sciences (Economics), Head of the Department, Cherkassy Regional Department of Forestry and Hills (4 Medychnyi Ln, Cherkasy, 18009, Ukraine)
Email: office@lis-ck.gov.ua

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Dzyubenko, Oleksandr M. (2017) “Attraction of Foreign Investments in the Sphere of Economic Development of the Forest Resource Potential and Woodworking Industry: Institutional and Territorial Preconditions.” The Problems of Economy 4:437–443.

List of references in article

Kalashnikov, A. O. “Napriamy investytsii ta dzherela investytsiinoho zabezpechennia lisohospodarskykh pidpryiemstv u konteksti staloho rozvytku lisovoho hospodarstva Ukrainy“ [Areas of investment and sources of investment support for forest enterprises in the context of sustainable forestry development in Ukraine]. Lisivnytstvo i ahrolisomelioratsiia, no. 129 (2016): 181-186.
Mykhalchynets, H. T. “Finansove zabezpechennia rozvytku lisoresursnoho potentsialu Zakarpatskoi oblasti“ [Financial support for the development of forest resource potential in the Transcarpathian region]. Ekonomika i suspilstvo, no. 2 (2016): 412-417.
Patlai, I. M. et al. “Problema stabilnosti rozvytku lisovoho hospodarstva Ukrainy“ [The problem of the stability of forestry development in Ukraine]. Visnyk Kharkivskoho natsionalnoho ahrarnoho universytetu. Seriia: Gruntoznavstvo, ahrokhimiia, zemlerobstvo, lisove hospodarstvo, no. 2 (1998): 159-165.
Poliuha, V. O., Poliuha, D. M., and Belia, B. B. “Problemy investuvannia v osnovnyi kapital pidpryiemstv lisovoho hospodarstva rehionu“ [Problems of investing in the fixed capital of forest enterprises in the region]. Sotsialno-ekonomichni problemy suchasnoho periodu Ukrainy, no. 5 (103) (2013): 117-126.
Storozhuk, V. F. Porivnialnyi analiz lisovoho zakonodavstva Ukrainy ta poviazanykh z nym pravovykh aktiv na vidpovidnist do zakonodavchoi bazy Yevropeiskoho Soiuzu z pytan staloho upravlinnia lisamy. Analitychnyi zvit [Comparative analysis of forest legislation of Ukraine and related legal acts on compliance with the legislative framework of the European Union on sustainable forest management. Analytical report]. Kyiv, 2010.
Terebukh, A. A., and Yavorska, N. P. “Investytsiini aspekty vidrodzhennia derevoobrobnoi haluzi Ukrainy“ [Investment aspects of the revival of the Ukrainian woodworking industry]. Investytsii: praktyka ta dosvid, no. 20 (2015): 23-27.
Torosov, A. S., and Hliebov, M. M. “Osnovni pryntsypy formuvannia optymalnoi lisystosti“ [Basic principles of formation of optimal woodiness]. Lisivnytstvo i ahrolisomelioratsiia, no. 114 (2008): 28-35.
Torosov, A. S., Marchenko, Yu. V., and Zhezhkun, I. M. “Perspektyvy zaluchennia pryvatnykh struktur do vykonannia robit u derzhavnomu lisovomu hospodarstvi“ [Prospects of involvement of private structures in carrying out works in the state forestry]. Lisivnytstvo i ahrolisomelioratsiia, no. 116 (2009): 270-275.
Shevchenko, H. S., and Hurniak, I. H. “Analiz diialnosti pidpryiemstv meblevoi ta derevoobrobnoi promyslovosti v Ukraini“ [Analysis of activity of enterprises of furniture and wood industry in Ukraine]. Zbirnyk naukovo-tekhnichnykh prats «Naukovyi visnyk NLTU Ukrainy», no. 18.2: Ekonomika, planuvannia i upravlinnia v lisovyrobnychomu kompleksi (2008): 216-225.


Section: Economics of Natural Resources and Environment
UDC 502.3 630*187
Karpuk A. I., Nestoriak I. I.
Reproduction of Forest Biodiversity: Ecological and Economic Bases and Mechanisms (p. 444 - 452)

It is proved that the reproduction of forest biodiversity under current economic conditions depends on the formation of appropriate mechanisms that will allow to include the priorities of conservation and enhancement of forest vegetation and faunal resources in the range of priorities of permanent forest users and other entities involved in forest exploitation activities. It is established that the expanded reproduction of forest biodiversity is directly related to the increase in the scale of forest reproduction, reduction of forest areas, fires, and intensification of forest protection from pests and diseases. It is justified that the formation of mechanisms for reproduction of forest biodiversity should be based on the creation of a modern system for monitoring forest vegetation and faunal resources, as well as on clear identification of sources of financial support for projects to increase and preserve biodiversity potential.
Keywords: biodiversity, mechanisms, financial security, permanent forest users, institutional prerequisites, nature reserve fund.
Fig.: 8. Bibl.: 8.

Karpuk Anatoliy I. – Doctor of Sciences (Economics), Associate Professor, Director, Separated Subdivision of NULES of Ukraine “Boyarka Forestry Research Station” (12 Lisodoslidna Str., Boiarka, Kyievo-Sviatoshynskyi district, Kyiv region, 08150, Ukraine)
Email: olyamy@yandex.ua
Nestoriak Iurii Iu. – Postgraduate Student, National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine (15 Heroiv Oborony Str., Kyiv, 03041, Ukraine)
Email: nestoryak@ukr.net

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Karpuk, Anatoliy I., and Nestoriak, Iurii Iu. (2017) “Reproduction of Forest Biodiversity: Ecological and Economic Bases and Mechanisms.” The Problems of Economy 4:444–452.

List of references in article

Bondaruk, H. V. et al. Normatyvno-pravove zabezpechennia zberezhennia bioriznomanittia v lisovomu sektori Ukrainy: Analiz ta perspektyvy rozvytku [Regulatory and Legal Framework for the Conservation of Biodiversity in the Forest Sector of Ukraine: Analysis and Development Prospects]. Lviv: TzOV Prostir-M, 2013.
Buksha, I. F. “Teoretychni osnovy ta praktychni aspekty monitorynhu bioriznomanittia lisovoi roslynnosti“ [Theoretical bases and practical aspects of monitoring of biodiversity of forest vegetation]. Naukovyi visnyk NLTU Ukrainy, no. 13.3 (2003): 69-75.
Mishenin, Ye. V. Ekologo-ekonomicheskiye problemy prirodopolzovaniya v lesnom komplekse [Ecological and economic problems of nature management in the forest complex]. Sumy: VVP «Mriya-1» LTD, 1998.
Movchan, Ya. I. “Stratehiia zberezhennia bioriznomanittia v Ukraini: obgruntuvannia struktury ta alhorytmu vprovadzhennia“ [Strategy for the conservation of biodiversity in Ukraine: justification of the structure and implementation algorithm]. http://ekmair.ukma.edu.ua/bitstream/handle/123456789/8290/Movchan_Stratehiia.pdf
Nestoriak, Yu. Yu. “Metodychni zasady obliku ta otsinky stanu bioriznomanittia v lisakh“ [Methodological basis for the assessment and assessment of the state of biodiversity in the forests]. Ahrosvit, no. 6 (2010): 53-56.
Petrova, L. M., and Petrov, S. V. “Bioriznomanittia lisiv: mizhnarodni standarty otsinky“ [Biodiversity of Forests: International Standards of Assessment]. Naukovyi visnyk NLTU Ukrainy, no. 18.1 (2008): 28-32.
Sytnyk, K. M., and Protasov, O. O. “Mizhnarodnyi rik bioriznomanittia ta perspektyvy rozvytku dyversytolohii“ [International Year of Biodiversity and Prospects for the Development of Diversitology]. Visnyk NAN Ukrainy, no. 3 (2010): 13-16.
Stankevych-Volosianchuk, O. I. “Rol mertvoi derevyny u zberezhenni bioriznomanittia u lisakh“ [The role of dead wood in preserving biodiversity in the woods]. Osnovni prychyny zalisnennia ta dehradatsii lisiv v Ukraini. Lviv - Kosiv, 2010. 135-139.


Section: Economics of Natural Resources and Environment
UDC 311.2:330.3
Lazebnyk I. O.
Adaptation of the Methodological Support to the Specifics of Management of “Smart” Environment (p. 453 - 458)

The aim of the article is to justify the analytic base of the methodological support for adopting new technology solutions necessary to improve management of the “smart” environment system. The article identifies the range of major problems facing modern large cities in the context of the growing urbanization and substantiates the need to introduce the concept of “smart environment for solving these problems. The main approaches to the definition of the concept of “smart” environment are considered. The main components of “smart” environment are identified and analyzed. The best world practices of leading cities, such as Dubai and Hong Kong, regarding the introduction of “smart” technologies are considered.
Keywords: “smart” city, “smart” environment, methodological support.
Fig.: 1. Tabl.: 1. Bibl.: 8.

Lazebnyk Iuliia O. – Doctor of Sciences (Economics), Professor, Professor, Department of Management and Administration, Educational and Research Institute «Karazin Business School» of V. N. Karazin Kharkiv National University (1 Myronosytska Str., Kharkiv, 61002, Ukraine)
Email: yuliya_lazebnyk@ukr.net

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Reference to this article:
Lazebnyk, Iuliia O. (2017) “Adaptation of the Methodological Support to the Specifics of Management of “Smart” Environment.” The Problems of Economy 4:453–458.

List of references in article

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“Information and Communication Technology for Urban Climate Action“ UN-Habitat: For a Better Urban Future. https://unhabitat.org/information-and-communication-technology-for-urban-climate-action-2/
“Smart Cities Innovation and the role of Energy“ Project Urban Renewable Energy. Design by PynkCode Creative, 15 Apr 2017. http://purecities.org/smart-cities-innovation-and-the-role-of-utilities
“Smart environment“ Office of the Government Chief Information Officer, Hong Kong Smart City Blueprint. https://www.smartcity.gov.hk/recommendations/environment/
“United for Smart Sustainable Cities“ ITU Committed to connecting the world, UNECE and ITU, October 2015. https://www.itu.int/en/ITU-T/ssc/united/Pages/default.aspx
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